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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 rfc6466          Standards Track
MMUSIC                                                      G. Salgueiro
Internet-Draft                                             Cisco Systems
Intended status: Standards Track                        October 10, 2011
Expires: April 12, 2012

              IANA Registration of the 'image' Media Type
               for the Session Description Protocol (SDP)


   This document describes the usage of the 'image' media type and
   registers it with IANA as a top-level media type for the Session
   Description Protocol (SDP).  This media type is primarily used by SDP
   to negotiate and establish T.38 media streams.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 12, 2012.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   2.  Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   3.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   5.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   6.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
     6.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
     6.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

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1.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

2.  Overview

   In an earlier version of the SDP specification [RFC2327] packetized
   media types, such as those used with the Real-Time Transport Protocol
   (RTP) [RFC3550], share the namespace with Multipurpose Internet Mail
   Extensions (MIME) media types registry [RFC4288] [RFC4289] (i.e.
   "MIME media types").  This is in contrast to the latest version of
   the SDP specification [RFC4566] which requested that an SDP-specific
   media type registry be created and maintained by IANA.  The top-level
   SDP media content types registered by RFC 4566 [RFC4566] are "audio",
   "video", "text", "application", and "message".  A glaring omission
   from this list is the "image" media type.

   The 'image' media type is an existing top-level MIME media type and
   is widely used in SDP implementations for setting up T.38 Real-Time
   Facsimile [T38] media streams.  This media type is extensively
   referenced by examples in ITU-T T.38 [T38] and IETF standards like
   RFC 4145 [RFC4145].  The following example shows the media
   description of a T.38 media stream as commonly found in a Session
   Initiation Protocol (SIP) [RFC3261] INVITE; it contains an SDP offer
   for T.38 over both UDP Transport Layer (UDPTL) and TCP.  For the sake
   of brevity, only the SDP body of the SIP INVITE request is displayed
   in this example.

       o=alice 53655765 2353687637 IN IP4 pc33.example.com
       s=SDP image example
       c=IN IP4
       t=0 0
       m=image 49170 udptl t38
       m=image 49172 tcp t38

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   The purpose of this document is to register with IANA the 'image'
   media type as a top-level SDP media type.  This ensures seamless
   continuity with documentation that uses the 'image' MIME media type
   and the previously registered MIME media sub-types like 'image/t38'
   [RFC3362] that are used as SDP media descriptors for T.38 [T38].

   This document complies with the request of section 8.2.1 of RFC 4566
   [RFC4566] that indicates:

      "The same rules should apply for media names as for top-level
      media content types, and where possible the same name should be
      registered for SDP as for MIME.  For media other than existing
      top-level media content types, a Standards Track RFC MUST be
      produced for a new top-level content type to be registered, and
      the registration MUST provide good justification why no existing
      media name is appropriate."

3.  IANA Considerations

   This document instructs IANA to register an 'image' token in the
   media sub-registry of the Session Description Protocols (SDP)
   Parameters registry.  This registration contains the required
   information elements outlined in the SDP registration procedure
   defined in Section 8.2.8 of RFC 4566 [RFC4566].

   (1)  Contact Information:

           Name: Gonzalo Salgueiro
           Email: gsalguei@cisco.com
           Telephone Number: (919) 392-3266

   (2)  Name being registered (as it will appear in SDP): image

   (3)  Long-form name in English: image

   (4)  Type of name ('media', 'proto', 'fmt', 'bwtype', 'nettype', or
        'addrtype'): media

   (5)  Purpose of the registered name:

           The 'image' media type for the Session Description Protocol
           is used to describes a media stream that represents a still
           image.  The media subtype further describes the specific
           format of the image.  Currently, the 'image' media type for
           SDP is used ubiquitously by the SIP control protocol to
           establish T.38 media streams.

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   (6)  Specification for the registered name: RFC XXXX [This document]

4.  Security Considerations

   The 'image' media type registered by this document in the SDP
   parameters registry maintained by IANA is primarily for use by the
   offer/answer model of the Session Description Protocol [RFC3264] for
   the negotiation and establishment of T.38 [T38] media streams using
   the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) [RFC3261].  This additional SDP
   media type does not introduce any security considerations beyond
   those detailed in Section 7 of RFC 4566 [RFC4566].

   The security vulnerabilities in T.38 [T38] and its associated
   transport protocols (TCP [RFC0793], UDP [RFC0768], and RTP [RFC3550])
   are well documented in each of their respective specifications.  The
   ability to exchange images other than T.38 can expose the recipient
   to potentially malicious executable code.

5.  Acknowledgements

   Thanks go to the chairs of the IETF Multiparty Multimedia Session
   Control (MMUSIC) working group (Miguel A. Garcia and Flemming
   Andreasen) for their guidance, encouragement, and the creation of the
   media type registry.  Special thanks to Miguel A. Garcia for his
   thorough and insightful review of the many revisions of the draft.

   This document has benefited from the discussion and review of the
   MMUSIC working group, especially the detailed and thoughtful comments
   and corrections of Keith Drage, Yasubumi Chimura, Kevin P. Fleming,
   Bert Greevenbosch, and Gonzalo Camarillo.

   The author would also like to acknowledge the considerable efforts of
   Kevin P. Fleming and the members of the FoIP TG in the SIP Forum that
   contributed to the new revision of the ITU-T T.38 Recommendation that
   prompted the need to register the 'image' media type for SDP.

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4566]  Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
              Description Protocol", RFC 4566, July 2006.

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6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC0768]  Postel, J., "User Datagram Protocol", STD 6, RFC 768,
              August 1980.

   [RFC0793]  Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7,
              RFC 793, September 1981.

   [RFC2327]  Handley, M. and V. Jacobson, "SDP: Session Description
              Protocol", RFC 2327, April 1998.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              June 2002.

   [RFC3264]  Rosenberg, J. and H. Schulzrinne, "An Offer/Answer Model
              with Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 3264,
              June 2002.

   [RFC3362]  Parsons, G., "Real-time Facsimile (T.38) - image/t38 MIME
              Sub-type Registration", RFC 3362, August 2002.

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, July 2003.

   [RFC4145]  Yon, D. and G. Camarillo, "TCP-Based Media Transport in
              the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 4145,
              September 2005.

   [RFC4288]  Freed, N. and J. Klensin, "Media Type Specifications and
              Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC 4288, December 2005.

   [RFC4289]  Freed, N. and J. Klensin, "Multipurpose Internet Mail
              Extensions (MIME) Part Four: Registration Procedures",
              BCP 13, RFC 4289, December 2005.

   [T38]      International Telecommunications Union, "Procedures for
              real-time Group 3 facsimile communication over IP
              Networks", ITU-T Recommendation T.38, October 2010.

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Author's Address

   Gonzalo Salgueiro
   Cisco Systems
   7200-12 Kit Creek Road
   Research Triangle Park, NC  27709

   Email: gsalguei@cisco.com

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