Network Working Group                                            H. Wang
Internet-Draft                                                  Y. Huang
Intended status: Standards Track                                 J. Dong
Expires: 7 July 2022                                              Huawei
                                                          3 January 2022


                Advertising S-BFD Discriminators in BGP
                 draft-wang-bess-sbfd-discriminator-01

Abstract

   This document defines the method of transmitting S-BFD discriminators
   through BGP attributes.  This method makes it easier for operators to
   create S-BFD for services.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on 7 July 2022.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights



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   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Motivations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SRv6 BE Use Case  . . . . . . .   3
     3.2.  EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SPv6 Policy Use Case  . . . . .   5
   4.  Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.1.  BGP Encoding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.2.  ProceduerProceduer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.2.1.  Egress Node Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.2.2.  Transit Node Process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.2.3.  Ingress Node Process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   5.  Error handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   9.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     9.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     9.2.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11

1.  Introduction

   [RFC7880] defines the Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
   (S-BFD) mechanism.  S-BFD is a simplified mechanism for using BFD
   with a large proportion of negotiation aspects eliminated, thus
   providing benefits such as quick provisioning, as well as improved
   control and flexibility for network nodes initiating path monitoring.
   Currently, S-BFD can be used to simplify the service deployment.

2.  Motivations

   An important usage for S-BFD is to check the reachability of targets,
   so that service interruption can be swiftly detected when there is a
   failure on the service path and services can be switched to a backup
   path quickly.

   [RFC7880] specifies the Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
   (S-BFD) mechanism.  Generally, the operators need to manually deploy
   S-BFD discriminators on the device to generate S-BFD sessions.





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   For the deployment of S-BFD in IPv4 network, the reflector can use
   the LSR-ID address as the discriminator.  This reduces the number of
   discriminators deployed on the transmit end.  This mode cannot be
   used for IPv6 because the discriminator has only four bytes.

   [RFC7883] [RFC7884] defines IS-IS and OSPF to flood BFD
   discriminators.  However, this mode is based on nodes and cannot
   traverse an IGP area.  In addition, without the knowledge of services
   to be detected, a large number of redundant S-BFD sessions may be
   generated.

   It is recommended to use BGP to distribute BFD discriminator
   information.  BGP can transmit routes across domains, and service
   routes can drive to generate the end-to-end S-BFD sessions on demand.

3.  Scenarios

   When the services are across multiple areas or multiple ASes, the BFD
   discriminator of the remote PE node cannot be obtained through the
   IGP based S-BFD extensions, thus a BGP based mechanism is required.

   For SRv6 services, there are two different service types.  One is
   service over SRv6 BE, the other is service over SRv6 Policy.  For the
   service over SRv6 BE, it will use the VPNSID to resolve the
   forwarding information.  Thus we must generate an S-BFD session to
   detect the VPNSID's reachablity.  This is an IP-routed S-BFD.  We may
   use the remote VPNSID's locator as the destination of the S-BFD
   session.  For the service over SRv6 Polcy, it will use <nexthop,
   color> of the service route to resolve an SRv6 Policy.  Then we must
   generate an S-BFD session to detect the reachablity of the SR Policy.

3.1.  EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SRv6 BE Use Case



















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            +-----------------------+ +-------------------+
            |                       | |                   |
            | +-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+           |
            | , PE1 |------|ASBR1|------|ASBR3\           |
            |/+-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+\          |
            /                       | |         \         |
           /|                       | |          \        |
    +-----/ |                       | |           '-----+ | +-----+
    | CE1 | |                       | |           | PE3 |---| CE2 |
    +------ |                       | |           /-----+ | +-----+
           `,                       | |          /        |
            |.+-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+ /         |
            | ' PE2 |------|ASBR2|------|ASBR4|-          |
            | +-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+           |
            |                       | |                   |
            |        AS65001        | |      AS65002      |
            +-----------------------+ +-------------------+
   Figure 1: EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SRv6 BE

   Figure 1 shows a SRv6 BE based seamless scenario.  CE1 is dual-homed
   to PE1 and PE2, and CE2 is accecssed to PE3.  PE1, PE2, and PE3 are
   cross BGP ASes.

   CE1 accesses PE1 and PE2 through Layer 3 and advertises its private
   network routes to PE1.  PE1 encapsulates the routes into Type 5
   routes in the EVPN format and sends them to PE3.  After receiving
   Type 5 routes advertised by PE1 and PE2, PE3 generates primary and
   backup entries for the routes to speed up service switchover.  In
   this scenario, the SRv6 BE service mode is used.  PE3 will resolve
   PE1's VPN routes reachbility through the VPNSID.  To ensure that PE3
   can properly route to PE1, PE1 needs to advertise its own locator
   route.  The advertisement of the locator route is not in the scope of
   this document.

   To speed up fault detection, we may configure an S-BFD session on PE3
   to detect PE1 or PE2's reachbility.  In traditional mode, a
   discriminator needs to be assigned by PE1 and PE2, and two S-BFD
   sessions need to be configured on PE3 to detect the VPN SID's
   reachability of PE1 and PE2.  It needs to generate an S-BFD session
   with the destination set to the VPN SID.  To reduce the number of
   S-BFD sessions, these sessions can be merged into an S-BFD session
   which target is remote PE's locator route.

   There are a large number of such PEs that exist on the network.  Each
   PE is configured with several S-BFD sessions to detect PE1 and PE2,
   which increases the deployment complexity.





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3.2.  EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SPv6 Policy Use Case

            +-----------------------+ +-------------------+
            |                       | |                   |
            | +-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+           |
            | , PE1 |------|ASBR1|------|ASBR3\           |
            |/+-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+\          |
            /                       | |         \         |
           /|                       | |          \        |
    +-----/ |                       | |           '-----+ | +-----+
    | CE1 | |                       | |           | PE3 |---| CE2 |
    +------ |                       | |           /-----+ | +-----+
           `,                       | |          /        |
            |.+-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+ /         |
            | ' PE2 |------|ASBR2|------|ASBR4|-          |
            | +-----+      +-----+  | | +-----+           |
            |                       | |                   |
            |        AS65001        | |      AS65002      |
            +-----------------------+ +-------------------+
   Figure 2: EVPN Layer 3 Service Over SRv6 Policy

   Figure 2 shows a SRv6 Policy scenario.  CE1 is dual-homed to PE1 and
   PE2, and CE2 is accessed to PE3.  PE1, PE2, and PE3 are cross BGP
   ASes.

   CE1 accesses PE1 and PE2 through Layer 3 and advertises its private
   network routes to PE1.  PE1 encapsulates the routes into Type 5
   routes in the EVPN format and sends them to PE3.

   After receiving Type 5 routes advertised by PE1 and PE2, PE3
   generates primary and backup entries for the routes, speeding up
   service switchover.  PE3 parses the tunnel based on the <nexthop,
   color> of the service routes advertised by PE1 and PE2, and matches
   an SRv6 Policy.  After receiving the traffic from CE2 to CE1, PE3
   encapsulates and forwards the traffic based on the SRv6 Policy.

   An S-BFD session needs to be established for these SRv6 Policy-based
   forwarding paths to swiftly detect the availability of the paths.
   When detecting a fault on the SRv6 Policy path of the primary service
   route, services can be swiftly switched to the backup path, providing
   more reliable protection for services.

   There are a large number of such PEs that exist on the network.  Each
   PE is configured with several S-BFD sessions to detect PE1 and PE2,
   which increases the deployment complexity.






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   Certainly, this scenario may also be implemented in other methods.
   For example, when delivering an SRv6 policy, specify a tunnel to
   generate an S-BFD session.

4.  Procedure


4.1.  BGP Encoding

   [RFC9026] specifies the "BFD Discriminators" (38) attribute, which is
   an optional transitive BGP attribute that conveys the Discriminators
   and other optional attributes used to establish BFD sessions.

   The attribute defined in [RFC9026] is used to transmit P2MP BFD
   session creation information through the BFD Discriminator attribute
   in MVPN scenarios.  For non-multicast services, such as L3VPN
   services, L2VPN services, and native IP services, BFD discriminators
   are also required to create an S-BFD session.

   The S-BFD Discriminator attribute introduced in this document is
   defined as follows:

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |    BFD Mode   |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                       BFD Discriminator                       |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~                         Optional TLVs                         ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     Figure 3: Format of the BFD Discriminator Attribute

   o BFD Mode:

   The BFD Mode field is 1 octet.  [RFC9026] defines only the P2MP BFD
   session for MVPN.  This document defines two new types of SBFD
   session types based on the preceding scenarios.

   As described in the preceding scenario.  There are two types of S-BFD
   sessions for SRv6 services.  For service over SRv6 BE, an IP-routed
   S-BFD session needs to be created to detect the locator route.  For
   service over SRv6 Policy, an S-BFD session for SRv6 Policy path needs
   to be created to detect the SRv6 Policy path.  So two new BFD modes
   should be introduced here.






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   SBFD for SRv6 Locator Session Mode, which is dedicated to detecting
   the locator.  The temporary type is 176, and is to be allocated by
   IANA.

   SBFD for Common Session Mode, which is for general SBFD session.  The
   temporary type is 177, and is to be allocated by IANA.  This mode is
   not only for SRv6, but also can be used for other scenarios.

   o BFD Discriminators:

   The field length is 4 octets.  Used to specify the discriminator for
   S-BFD session.

   o Optional TLVs:

   Variable-length fields are optional.  Indicates the additional
   information required for creating a S-BFD session.  The format is as
   follows:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |      Type     |     Length    |           Value             ...
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   Figure 4: Format of the Optional TLV

   If a transit node changes the next hop or reassigns a VPN SID when
   forwarding a route, the transit node needs to use the locally
   allocated S-BFD discriminator to advertise the S-BFD discriminator
   attribute.  If the transit node does not recognize the S-BFD
   Discriminator attribute in the learned route and continues to
   advertise the route to the remote PE, the receiver may use incorrect
   information when creating an S-BFD session.  Therefore, the
   advertised S-BFD Discriminator attribute needs to carry the IP
   address for receiver verification.

   In this document, S-BFD for SRv6 Locator Session and S-BFD for Common
   Session must carry IP addresses except discriminators, which reuse
   the Source IP Address TLV defined in [RFC9026].

   If the mode is set to SBFD for SRv6 Locator Session, the SRv6 Locator
   address used for the service is carried.

   If the mode is set to SBFD for Common Session, the next-hop address
   used for the service is carried.

   For details about the error handling, see section "Error Handling".




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4.2.  ProceduerProceduer

   In BGP address families, such as L3VPN or EVPN, routes can carry the
   S-BFD Discriminator attribute as required so that S-BFD sessions can
   be established based on the attribute.  The following uses S-BFD for
   SRv6 Locator as an example.  If mode is set to SBFD for Common
   Session, the processing method is similar.

4.2.1.  Egress Node Process

   As shown in figure 1, the S-BFD discriminator is configured on PE1.
   After obtaining the information, BGP encapsulates the attribute into
   the EVPN route and sets the BFD Mode to SBFD for Locator Session,
   when advertising the EVPN route.  The Discriminator value is local
   discriminator value.  The optional TLV carries the local PE's locator
   address used by the VPN.

4.2.2.  Transit Node Process

   Here is the end-to-end SRv6 BE scenario.  The ASBR does not re-
   allocate the VPN SID.  Thus, the ASBR does not require to modify the
   VPN SID, and not to alter the BFD discriminator attribute.

4.2.3.  Ingress Node Process

   After receiving the EVPN Type 5 routes from PE1 and PE2, PE3 imports
   the routes to the VRF of PE3 based on the route targets.  Routes
   triggers establish the S-BFD sessions based on <S-BFD discriminator,
   locator ip>.

   Then, routes with the same prefix from PE1 and PE2 form primary and
   backup paths.  When the primary path or the egress node is in fault,
   S-BFD detects that fault and forms switch to backup path quickly.

   To avoid the waste of redundant resources, assume that the ASBR re-
   assigns the SID in Option B and the ASBR does not recognize the
   attribute.  In this case, the SID and locator carried in the route
   received by PE3 do not match the Source IP carried in the Optional
   TLV in the BFD attribute.  Therefore, PE3 does not need to establish
   an S-BFD session to remote PE, which can avoid resource waste.

5.  Error handling

   Error handling complies with [RFC7606].  In this document, the BFD
   discriminator information is used only to establish an S-BFD session.
   Therefore, if the BFD discriminator information is invalid, the BFD
   attirbute will be discard and not transmit to other devices.




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   For BFD discriminator attribute, the following case will be
   processed:

   o The BFD Discriminator value in receiving BFD Discriminator
   attribute is 0, the attribute is invalid.

   For BFD mode type is S-BFD for SRv6 Locator Session, the following
   case will be processed:

   o The BFD discriminator attribute doesn't contain optional TLV with
   type set to 1, the attribute is invalid.

   o The optional TLV type is 1 but the length is not 16, the attribute
   is invalid.

   o The optional TLV type is 1 but the value is all 0, the attribute is
   invalid.

   o If multiple Source IP Optional TLVs are carried, the first source
   IP address should be used as the destination to establish an S-BFD
   session.  For EVPN type 2 MAC-IP routes may use the first and the
   second IP address because it may carry two SRv6 SIDs with different
   locators.  Other source IP addresses should be ignored.

   o If a non-Source IP Optional TLV is carried, the Optional TLV will
   be ignored.

   For BFD mode type is S-BFD for Common Session, the following case
   will be processed:

   o The BFD discriminator attribute doesn't contain optional TLV with
   type set to 1, the attribute is invalid.

   o The optional TLV type is 1 but the length is not 4 or 16, the
   attribute is invalid.

   o The optional TLV type is 1 but the value is all 0, the attribute is
   invalid.

   o If multiple Source IP Optional TLVs are carried, only the first
   source IP address should be used as the destination to establish an
   S-BFD session.  Other source IP addresses should be ignored.

   o If a non-Source IP Optional TLV is carried, the Optional TLV will
   be ignored.






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6.  IANA Considerations

   This document defines two new BFD modes in the BFD Discriminator
   attribute.  The following values are recommended to be assigned by
   IANA:

                   Value  Description
                   ----  -------------------------
                   176   S-BFD for SRv6 Locator Session
                   177   S-BFD for Common Session

7.  Security Considerations

   The new S-BFD Discriminators sub-TLV does not introduce any new
   security risks for BGP.

   When creating an S-BFD session, the initiator verifies the S-BFD
   session based on routing information.  This reduces the number of
   invalid S-BFD sessions and avoid attribute attack.

8.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Greg Mirsky for their review and
   comments.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

9.2.  References

   [RFC7606]  Chen, E., Ed., Scudder, J., Ed., Mohapatra, P., and K.
              Patel, "Revised Error Handling for BGP UPDATE Messages",
              RFC 7606, DOI 10.17487/RFC7606, August 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7606>.

   [RFC7880]  Pignataro, C., Ward, D., Akiya, N., Bhatia, M., and S.
              Pallagatti, "Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
              (S-BFD)", RFC 7880, DOI 10.17487/RFC7880, July 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7880>.






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   [RFC7883]  Ginsberg, L., Akiya, N., and M. Chen, "Advertising
              Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD)
              Discriminators in IS-IS", RFC 7883, DOI 10.17487/RFC7883,
              July 2016, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7883>.

   [RFC7884]  Pignataro, C., Bhatia, M., Aldrin, S., and T. Ranganath,
              "OSPF Extensions to Advertise Seamless Bidirectional
              Forwarding Detection (S-BFD) Target Discriminators",
              RFC 7884, DOI 10.17487/RFC7884, July 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7884>.

   [RFC9026]  Morin, T., Ed., Kebler, R., Ed., and G. Mirsky, Ed.,
              "Multicast VPN Fast Upstream Failover", RFC 9026,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC9026, April 2021,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9026>.

Authors' Addresses

   Haibo Wang
   Huawei
   No. 156 Beiqing Road
   Beijing
   100095
   P.R. China

   Email: rainsword.wang@huawei.com


   Yang Huang
   Huawei
   No. 156 Beiqing Road
   Beijing
   100095
   P.R. China

   Email: yang.huang@huawei.com


   Jie Dong
   Huawei
   No. 156 Beiqing Road
   Beijing
   100095
   P.R. China

   Email: jie.dong@huawei.com





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