Indicating Supported Media Features Using Extensions to DSN and MDN
RFC 2530

Document Type RFC - Proposed Standard (March 1999; No errata)
Last updated 2013-03-02
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Network Working Group                                            D. Wing
Request for Comments: 2530                                 Cisco Systems
Category: Standards Track                                     March 1999

               Indicating Supported Media Features Using
                       Extensions to DSN and MDN

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.

1.  Abstract

   There is a need in Internet mail and Internet fax for a recipient to
   indicate the media features it supports so that messages can be
   generated by senders without exceeding the recipient's abilities.

   This memo describes a format for generating Message Disposition
   Notifications [RFC2298] and Delivery Status Notifications [RFC1894]
   which contain such information.  This information can be used by
   senders to avoid exceeding the recipient's capabilities when sending
   subsequent messages.

2. Introduction

   The extensions described in this document can be used in Message
   Disposition Notifications [RFC2298] or Delivery Status Notifications
   [RFC1894], as appropriate for the implementation.

   Note that both DSNs and MDNs have drawbacks: DSNs are not available
   between all senders and receivers, and MDNs require the receiver to
   disclose message disposition information (or, if using the "denied"
   disposition-type, the time the disposition notification was

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

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RFC 2530            Media Features using DSN and MDN          March 1999

3.  Extensions for use by DSN and MDN

   The following extension is available to both DSN [RFC1894] and MDN
   [RFC2298] messages.

   For a DSN message, the following per-recipient fields are defined
   (section 2.3 of [RFC1894]).  For an MDN message, the following
   extension fields are defined (section 3.1 of [RFC2298]).  Using the
   language of [RFC2234]:

      extension-field    = media-features CRLF

      media-features     = "Media-Accept-Features" ":"
      media-feature-tags = <*text as defined below,
                            with LWSP wrapping>

   The <media-feature-tags> are defined in separate schema documents
   which MUST utilize the language described in [SYNTAX].  The schema
   MUST be registered following the registration requirements of

3.1.  Examples

   The following examples assume there is a schema document which
   defines the tags shown.

3.1.1.  Paper-size and Color

   Assuming there is a schema document which describes the tags paper-
   size and color, the following example is valid:

      Media-Accept-Features: (& (paper-size=a4) (color=binary) )

3.1.2.  UA-Media, Paper-size, and Color

   Assuming there is a schema document which describes the tags paper-
   size, color, and grey:

      Media-Accept-Features: (& (| (paper-size=a4) (paper-size=letter) )
        (| (& (color=grey) (dpi=200) (dpi-xyratio=200/100) )
        (& (color=limited) (dpi=200) (dpi-xy=200/100) ) )

4.  MTA Implmentation Recommendation

   If the recipient's MTA determines that a message cannot be processed,
   the recipient's MTA is strongly encouraged to reject the message with
   a status code of 5.6.1 [RFC1893].  This status code may be returned

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RFC 2530            Media Features using DSN and MDN          March 1999

   in response to the end-of-mail-data indicator if the MTA supports
   reporting of enhanced error codes [RFC2034], or after message
   reception by generating a delivery failure DSN ("bounce").

5.  Security Considerations

   Inaccurate media feature information could cause a denial of service,
   causing subsequent messages to be sent which the recipient is unable
   to process.

   The media feature information could be inaccurate due to a malicious
   attack (spoofed DSN or MDN) or misconfiguration.

6.  Acknowledgments

   The author thanks the members of the Internet Fax working group for
   assistance with this document, and especially Larry Masinter, Graham
   Klyne, and Ned Freed.

7.  References

   [RFC2506] Holtman, K., Mutz, A. and T. Hardie, "Media Feature Tag
             Registration Procedure", BCP 31, RFC 2506, March 1999.

   [RFC1894] Moore, K. and G. Vaudreuil, "An Extensible Message Format
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