URN Namespace for NewsML Resources
RFC 3085

Document Type RFC - Informational (March 2001; No errata)
Was draft-iptc-newsml-urn (individual)
Authors Anthony Coates  , Daniel Rivers-Moore  , David Allen 
Last updated 2013-03-02
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Network Working Group                                          A. Coates
Request for Comments: 3085                                       Reuters
Category: Informational                                         D. Allen
                                                         D. Rivers-Moore
                                                              March 2001

                   URN Namespace for NewsML Resources

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001).  All Rights Reserved.


   This document describes a URN (Uniform Resource Name) namespace for
   identifying NewsML NewsItems.  A NewsItem is an information resource
   that is expressible as a NewsML element within a NewsML document
   conforming to the NewsML Document Type Declaration (DTD) as defined
   by the International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC).

1. Introduction

   NewsML is an XML format for packaging multimedia news resources.  It
   has been created under the auspices of the International Press
   Telecommunications Council (IPTC), and version 1.0 was approved by
   the IPTC on 6 October 2000.

   The same logical NewsItem may exist in multiple physical locations.
   The NewsML specification allows NewsItems to have multiple URLs, but
   only a single URN.  It is the latter which then uniquely names the

   This namespace specification is for a formal namespace.

2. Specification Template

   Namespace ID:

      "newsml" requested.

Coates, et al.               Informational                      [Page 1]
RFC 3085           URN Namespace for NewsML Resources         March 2001

   Registration Information:

      Registration Version Number: 1
      Registration Date: 2000-11-07

   Declared registrant of the namespace:

      David Allen
      Royal Albert House
      Sheet Street
      SL4 1BE

   Declaration of structure:

      The identifier has the following ABNF[6] specification:

      NSS = ProviderId ":" DateId ":" NewsItemId ":" RevisionId Update
      ProviderId = string
      DateId = date
      NewsItemId = string
      RevisionId = posint
      Update = 0*1( "A" / "U" )
      date = century year month day
      century = ( "0" posdig ) / ( posdig DIGIT )
      year = 1*2DIGIT
      month = ( 0 posdig ) / ( "1" ( "0" "1" "2" ) )
      day = ( 0 posdig ) / ( ( "1" / "2" ) DIGIT ) / "30" / "31"
      string = 1*char
      char = ALPHA / DIGIT / symbol / escape
      symbol = "(" / ")" / "+" / "," / "-" / "." / "=" / "@" / ";" /
        "$" / "_" / "!" / "*" / "'"
      escape = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG
      posint = posdig *DIGIT
      posdig = "1" / "2" / "3" / "4" / "5" / "6" / "7" / "8" / "9"

      The ProviderId must be an Internet domain name, and must be owned
         by the organisation creating the NewsML resource and allocating
         the URN to it, at the date identified by the DateId.
      DateId is a date in ISO 8601 Basic Format (CCYYMMDD), and must
         correspond to a date at which the organisation allocating the
         URN owned the domain name specified in the ProviderId.
      The NewsItemId must be unique among all NewsItems emanating from
         the same provider and having the same DateId.

Coates, et al.               Informational                      [Page 2]
RFC 3085           URN Namespace for NewsML Resources         March 2001

      RevisionId is a positive integer indicating which revision of a
         given NewsItem this is.  Any positive integer may be used, but
         it must always be the case that of two instances of a NewsItem
         that have the same ProviderId, DateId and NewsItemId, the one
         whose RevisionId has the larger value must be the more recent
         revision.  A RevisionId of 0 is not permitted.
      If the NewsItem contains an "Update" element or elements, then
         Update must be set to "U".  If the NewsItem consists only of a
         replacement set of NewsManagement data, then Update must be set
         to "A".  If neither of these is the case, then Update must be

   Relevant ancillary documentation:


   Identifier uniqueness considerations:

      The combination of ProviderId and DateId serves to uniquely
         identify the organisation that is allocating the URN.  That
         organisation is responsible for ensuring the uniqueness of the
         DateId/NewsItemId/RevisionId combination.

   Identifier persistence considerations:

      A NewsML URN may only be allocated by an organisation that owns an
         Internet domain name.  The URN identifies a date on which the
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