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Mapping of Media Streams to Resource Reservation Flows
RFC 3524

Document type: RFC - Proposed Standard (April 2003)
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-03-02
Other versions: plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: (None)
Consensus: Unknown
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: RFC 3524 (Proposed Standard)
Responsible AD: Allison Mankin
Send notices to: No addresses provided

Network Working Group                                       G. Camarillo
Request for Comments: 3524                                     A. Monrad
Category: Standards Track                                       Ericsson
                                                              April 2003

         Mapping of Media Streams to Resource Reservation Flows

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document defines an extension to the Session Description
   Protocol (SDP) grouping framework.  It allows requesting a group of
   media streams to be mapped into a single resource reservation flow.
   The SDP syntax needed is defined, as well as a new "semantics"
   attribute called Single Reservation Flow (SRF).

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction ........................................    2
       1.1  Terminology ....................................    2
   2.  SRF Semantics .......................................    2
   3.  Applicability Statement .............................    3
   4.  Examples ............................................    3
   5.  IANA Considerations .................................    4
   6.  Security Considerations .............................    4
   7.  Acknowledgements ....................................    4
   8.  Normative References ................................    5
   9.  Informative References ..............................    5
   10. Authors' Addresses ..................................    5
   11. Full Copyright Statement ............................    6

Camarillo & Monrad          Standards Track                     [Page 1]
RFC 3524  Mapping Media Streams to Resource Reservation Flows April 2003

1.  Introduction

   Resource reservation protocols assign network resources to particular
   flows of IP packets.  When a router receives an IP packet, it applies
   a filter in order to map the packet to the flow it belongs.  The
   router provides the IP packet with the Quality of Service (QoS)
   corresponding to its flow.  Routers typically use the source and the
   destination IP addresses and port numbers to filter packets.

   Multimedia sessions typically contain multiple media streams (e.g. an
   audio stream and a video stream).  In order to provide QoS for a
   multimedia session it is necessary to map all the media streams to
   resource reservation flows.  This mapping can be performed in
   different ways.  Two possible ways are to map all the media streams
   to a single resource reservation flow or to map every single media
   stream to a different resource reservation flow.  Some applications
   require that the former type of mapping is performed while other
   applications require the latter.  It is even possible that a mixture
   of both mappings is required for a particular media session.  For
   instance, a multimedia session with three media streams might require
   that two of them are mapped into a single reservation flow while the
   third media stream uses a second reservation flow.

   This document defines the SDP [1] syntax needed to express how media
   streams need to be mapped into reservation flows.  For this purpose,
   we use the SDP grouping framework [2] and define a new "semantics"
   attribute called Single Reservation Flow (SRF).

1.1 Terminology

   In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED",
   "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY",
   and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [3] and indicate requirement levels for compliant SIP
   implementations.

2.  SRF Semantics

   We define a new "semantics" attribute within the SDP grouping
   framework [2]: Single Reservation Flow (SRF).

   Media lines grouped using SRF semantics SHOULD be mapped into the
   same resource reservation flow.  Media lines that do not belong to a
   particular SRF group SHOULD NOT be mapped into the reservation flow
   used for that SRF group.

Camarillo & Monrad          Standards Track                     [Page 2]
RFC 3524  Mapping Media Streams to Resource Reservation Flows April 2003

   Note that an SRF group MAY consist of a single media line.  In that

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