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Alarms in Syslog
RFC 5674

Network Working Group                                        S. Chisholm
Request for Comments: 5674                                        Nortel
Category: Standards Track                                    R. Gerhards
                                                            Adiscon GmbH
                                                            October 2009

                            Alarms in Syslog

Abstract

   This document describes how to send alarm information in syslog.  It
   includes the mapping of ITU perceived severities onto syslog message
   fields.  It also includes a number of alarm-specific SD-PARAM
   definitions from X.733 and the IETF Alarm MIB.

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the BSD License.

Chisholm & Gerhards         Standards Track                     [Page 1]
RFC 5674                    Alarms in Syslog                October 2009

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Severity Mapping ................................................2
   3. Alarm STRUCTURED-DATA Elements ..................................3
      3.1. resource ...................................................3
      3.2. probableCause ..............................................4
      3.3. perceivedSeverity ..........................................4
      3.4. eventType ..................................................4
      3.5. trendIndication ............................................4
      3.6. resourceURI ................................................5
   4. Examples ........................................................5
   5. Security Considerations .........................................6
   6. IANA Considerations .............................................6
   7. Acknowledgments .................................................6
   8. References ......................................................7
      8.1. Normative References .......................................7
      8.2. Informative References .....................................7

1.  Introduction

   In addition to sending out alarm information asynchronously via
   protocols such as the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) or
   the Network Configuration Protocol (Netconf), many implementations
   also log alarms via syslog.  This memo defines a set of SD-PARAMs to
   support logging and defines a mapping of syslog severity to the
   severity of the alarm.

   The Alarm MIB [RFC3877] includes mandatory alarm fields from X.733
   [X.733] as well as information from X.736 [X.736].  In additional,
   the Alarm MIB introduces its own alarm fields.  This memo reuses
   terminology and fields from the Alarm MIB.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   Alarm-related terminology is defined in [RFC3877].

   SD-ID, SD-PARAM, and other syslog-related terms are defined in
   [RFC5424].

2.  Severity Mapping

   The Alarm MIB [RFC3877] defines ITU perceived severities; it is
   useful to be able to relate these to the syslog message fields,
   particularly in the case where alarms are being logged.  This memo
   describes the representation of ITU perceived severities in

Chisholm & Gerhards         Standards Track                     [Page 2]
RFC 5674                    Alarms in Syslog                October 2009

   appropriate syslog fields, which are described in [RFC5424].  Syslog
   offers both a so-called SEVERITY as well as STRUCTURED-DATA.  Due to

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