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The application/pkcs10 Media Type
RFC 5967

Document Type RFC - Informational (August 2010)
Updates RFC 2986
Was draft-turner-application-pkcs10-media-type (individual in sec area)
Author Sean Turner
Last updated 2015-10-14
RFC stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
IESG Responsible AD Tim Polk
Send notices to (None)
RFC 5967
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         S. Turner
Request for Comments: 5967                                          IECA
Updates: 2986                                                August 2010
Category: Informational
ISSN: 2070-1721

                   The application/pkcs10 Media Type


   This document specifies a media type used to carry PKCS #10
   certification requests as defined in RFC 2986.  It carries over the
   original specification from RFC 2311, which recently has been moved
   to Historic status, and properly links it to RFC 2986.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   ( in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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RFC 5967              application/pkcs10 Media Type          August 2010

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

1.  Introduction

   [RFC2311] first defined the application/pkcs10 media type.  When
   [RFC2633] was published, the application/pkcs10 section was dropped,
   but for some reason the text was not incorporated into the PKCS #10
   document [RFC2986].  [RFC2311] was moved to Historic status by
   [RFC5751].  To ensure the IANA media type registration points to a
   non-Historic document, this document updates [RFC2986] with the
   definition of the application/pkcs10 media type and an IANA
   registration based on [RFC4288].

   The text for Section 2 is adapted from Section 3.7 of [RFC2311].

1.1.  Requirements Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  Creating a Certification Request

   A typical application that allows a user to generate cryptographic
   information has to submit that information to a Certification
   Authority (CA), who transforms it into a certificate.  PKCS #10
   [RFC2986] describes a syntax for certification requests.

   The details of certification requests and the process of obtaining a
   certificate are beyond the scope of this memo.  Instead, only the
   format of data used in application/pkcs10 is defined.

2.1.  Format of the application/pkcs10 Body

   PKCS #10 defines the ASN.1 type CertificationRequest for use in
   submitting a certification request.  For transfer to a CA, this
   abstract syntax needs to be encoded and identified in a unique

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RFC 5967              application/pkcs10 Media Type          August 2010

   manner.  When the media type application/pkcs10 is used, the body
   MUST be a CertificationRequest.

   A robust application SHOULD output Distinguished Encoding Rules
   (DER), but allow Basic Encoding Rules (BER) or DER on input.

   Data produced by BER or DER is 8-bit, but some transports are limited
   to 7-bit data.  In such cases, a suitable 7-bit transfer encoding
   MUST be applied; in MIME-compatible transports, the base64 encoding
   [RFC4648] SHOULD be used with application/pkcs10, although any 7-bit
   transfer encoding may work.

2.2.  Sending and Receiving an application/pkcs10 Body Part

   For sending a certificate-signing request, the application/pkcs10
   message format MUST be used to convey a PKCS #10 certificate-signing
   request.  Note that for sending certificates and Certificate
   Revocation Lists (CRLs) without any signed content, the
   application/pkcs7-mime message format MUST be used to convey a
   degenerate PKCS #7 signedData "certs-only" message [RFC5751].

   To send an application/pkcs10 body, the application generates the
   cryptographic information for the user.  The details of the
   cryptographic information are beyond the scope of this memo.

   Step 1. The cryptographic information is placed within a PKCS #10

   Step 2. The CertificationRequest is encoded according to BER or DER
           (preferred, DER).

   Step 3. As a typical step, the encoded CertificationRequest is also
           base64 encoded so that it is 7-bit data suitable for transfer
           in ESMTP.  This then becomes the body of an
           application/pkcs10 body part.

   The result might look like this:

      Content-Type: application/pkcs10; name=smime.p10
      Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
      Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=smime.p10


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   A typical application only needs to send a certification request.  It
   is a Certification Authority that has to receive and process the
   request.  The steps for recovering the CertificationRequest from the
   message are straightforward but are not presented here.  The
   procedures for processing the certification request are beyond the
   scope of this document.

3.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has updated the registration for the application/pkcs10 media
   subtype in the Application Media Types registry using the filled-in
   template from BCP 13 [RFC4288] given below.

3.1.  Registration of Media Subtype application/pkcs10

   The media subtype for a PKCS #10 certification request is

      Type name: application

      Subtype name: pkcs10

      Required parameters: None

      Optional parameters: None

      Encoding considerations: binary; see Section 2.

      Security considerations:

         Clients use a certification request to request that a
         Certification Authority certify a public key.  The
         certification request is digitally signed.  Also, see
         Section 6.

      Interoperability considerations: See Section 2.

      Published specification: This specification.

      Applications which use this media type:

         Applications that support PKCS #10 certification requests

      Additional information:

         Magic number(s): None
         File extension(s): .p10

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RFC 5967              application/pkcs10 Media Type          August 2010

         Macintosh File Type Code(s):

      Person & email address to contact for further information:
        Sean Turner <>

      Restrictions on usage: none

      Author: Sean Turner <>

      Intended usage: COMMON

      Change controller: The IESG

4.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations of [RFC2986] and [RFC5751] apply; no new
   security considerations are introduced by this document.

5.  Acknowledgements

   I wish to thank the authors of RFC 2311, Steve Dusse, Paul Hoffman,
   Blake Ramsdell, Laurence Lundblade, and Lisa Repka.

   I would also like to thank Bjoern Hoehrmann for his review of the
   media subtype application.

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2986]  Nystrom, M. and B. Kaliski, "PKCS #10: Certification
              Request Syntax Specification Version 1.7", RFC 2986,
              November 2000.

   [RFC4288]  Freed, N. and J. Klensin, "Media Type Specifications and
              Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC 4288, December 2005.

   [RFC4648]  Josefsson, S., "The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data
              Encodings", RFC 4648, October 2006.

   [RFC5751]  Ramsdell, B. and S. Turner, "Secure/Multipurpose Internet
              Mail Extensions (S/MIME) Version 3.2 Message
              Specification", RFC 5751, January 2010.

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   [X.690]    ITU-T Recommendation X.690 (2002) | ISO/IEC 8825-1:2002.
              Information Technology - ASN.1 encoding rules:
              Specification of Basic Encoding Rules (BER), Canonical
              Encoding Rules (CER) and Distinguished Encoding Rules

6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2311]  Dusse, S., Hoffman, P., Ramsdell, B., Lundblade, L., and
              L. Repka, "S/MIME Version 2 Message Specification", RFC
              2311, March 1998.

   [RFC2633]  Ramsdell, B., Ed., "S/MIME Version 3 Message
              Specification", RFC 2633, June 1999.

Author's Address

   Sean Turner
   IECA, Inc.
   3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106
   Fairfax, VA 22031


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