Real-time Inter-network Defense (RID)
RFC 6045

 
Document Type RFC - Informational (November 2010; Errata)
Obsoleted by RFC 6545
Was draft-moriarty-post-inch-rid (individual in sec area)
Last updated 2013-03-02
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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                       K. Moriarty
Request for Comments: 6045                                           EMC
Category: Informational                                    November 2010
ISSN: 2070-1721

                 Real-time Inter-network Defense (RID)

Abstract

   Network security incidents, such as system compromises, worms,
   viruses, phishing incidents, and denial of service, typically result
   in the loss of service, data, and resources both human and system.
   Network providers and Computer Security Incident Response Teams need
   to be equipped and ready to assist in communicating and tracing
   security incidents with tools and procedures in place before the
   occurrence of an attack.  Real-time Inter-network Defense (RID)
   outlines a proactive inter-network communication method to facilitate
   sharing incident handling data while integrating existing detection,
   tracing, source identification, and mitigation mechanisms for a
   complete incident handling solution.  Combining these capabilities in
   a communication system provides a way to achieve higher security
   levels on networks.  Policy guidelines for handling incidents are
   recommended and can be agreed upon by a consortium using the security
   recommendations and considerations.

   RID has found use within the international research communities, but
   has not been widely adopted in other sectors.  This publication
   provides the specification to those communities that have adopted it,
   and communities currently considering solutions for real-time inter-
   network defense.  The specification may also accelerate development
   of solutions where different transports or message formats are
   required by leveraging the data elements and structures specified
   here.

Moriarty                      Informational                     [Page 1]
RFC 6045                           RID                     November 2010

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6045.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Moriarty                      Informational                     [Page 2]
RFC 6045                           RID                     November 2010

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................4
      1.1. Normative and Informative ..................................6
      1.2. Terminology ................................................6
      1.3. Attack Types and RID Messaging .............................6
   2. RID Integration with Network Provider Technologies ..............8
   3. Characteristics of Attacks ......................................9
      3.1. Integrating Trace Approaches ..............................11
      3.2. Superset of Packet Information for Traces .................11
   4. Communication between Network Providers ........................12
      4.1. Inter-Network Provider RID Messaging ......................14
      4.2. RID Network Topology ......................................16
      4.3. Message Formats ...........................................17
           4.3.1. RID Data Types .....................................17
                  4.3.1.1. Boolean ...................................17
           4.3.2. RID Messages and Transport .........................18
           4.3.3. IODEF-RID Schema ...................................19
                  4.3.3.1. RequestStatus Class .......................21
                  4.3.3.2. IncidentSource Class ......................23
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