A Survey of Mobility Support in the Internet
RFC 6301

 
Document Type RFC - Informational (July 2011; No errata)
Was draft-zhu-mobility-survey (individual in int area)
Last updated 2013-03-02
Stream IETF
Formats plain text pdf html
Stream WG state (None)
Consensus Unknown
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state RFC 6301 (Informational)
Telechat date
Responsible AD Jari Arkko
Send notices to lixia@cs.ucla.edu, ryuji@jp.toyota-itc.com, zhenkai@cs.ucla.edu, draft-zhu-mobility-survey@ietf.org
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                            Z. Zhu
Request for Comments: 6301                                          UCLA
Category: Informational                                      R. Wakikawa
ISSN: 2070-1721                                               Toyota ITC
                                                                L. Zhang
                                                                    UCLA
                                                               July 2011

              A Survey of Mobility Support in the Internet

Abstract

   Over the last two decades, many efforts have been devoted to
   developing solutions for mobility support over the global Internet,
   resulting in a variety of proposed solutions.  We conducted a
   systematic survey of the previous efforts to gain an overall
   understanding on the solution space of mobility support.  This
   document reports our findings and identifies remaining issues in
   providing ubiquitous and efficient Internet mobility support on a
   global scale.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6301.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect

Zhu, et al.                   Informational                     [Page 1]
RFC 6301                     Mobility Survey                   July 2011

   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Basic Components in Mobility Support Protocols . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  Existing Mobility Support Protocols  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     4.1.  Columbia Protocol  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     4.2.  VIP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     4.3.  Loose Source Routing (LSR) Protocol  . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     4.4.  Mobile IP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     4.5.  HMIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.6.  FMIPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.7.  NEMO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     4.8.  Mobility Support Using Multicast in IP (MSM-IP)  . . . . . 13
     4.9.  Cellular IP, HAWAII, and TIMIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     4.10. E2E and M-SCTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     4.11. Host Identity Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     4.12. MOBIKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     4.13. Connexion and WINMO  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     4.14. ILNPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     4.15. Global HAHA  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     4.16. Proxy Mobile IP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
     4.17. Back to My Mac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
     4.18. LISP-Mobility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
   5.  Different Directions towards Mobility Support  . . . . . . . . 21
     5.1.  Routing-Based Approach versus Mapping-Based Approach . . . 22
     5.2.  Mobility-Aware Entities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     5.3.  Operator-Controlled Approach versus User-Controlled
           Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
     5.4.  Local and Global-Scale Mobility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     5.5.  Other Mobility Support Efforts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
   6.  Discussions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     6.1.  Deployment Issues  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Show full document text