MPLS Forwarding Compliance and Performance Requirements
RFC 7325

Document Type RFC - Informational (August 2014; No errata)
Last updated 2014-08-07
Replaces draft-villamizar-mpls-forwarding
Stream IETF
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Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication
Consensus Yes
Document shepherd Loa Andersson
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2014-01-15)
IESG IESG state RFC 7325 (Informational)
Telechat date
Responsible AD Adrian Farrel
Send notices to mpls-chairs@ietf.org, draft-ietf-mpls-forwarding@ietf.org
IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state No IC
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                C. Villamizar, Ed.
Request for Comments: 7325                                         OCCNC
Category: Informational                                      K. Kompella
ISSN: 2070-1721                                         Juniper Networks
                                                               S. Amante
                                                              Apple Inc.
                                                                A. Malis
                                                                  Huawei
                                                            C. Pignataro
                                                                   Cisco
                                                             August 2014

        MPLS Forwarding Compliance and Performance Requirements

Abstract

   This document provides guidelines for implementers regarding MPLS
   forwarding and a basis for evaluations of forwarding implementations.
   Guidelines cover many aspects of MPLS forwarding.  Topics are
   highlighted where implementers might otherwise overlook practical
   requirements that are unstated or underemphasized, or that are
   optional for conformance to RFCs but often considered mandatory by
   providers.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7325.

Villamizar, et al.            Informational                     [Page 1]
RFC 7325                     MPLS Forwarding                 August 2014

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents

   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction and Document Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.1.  Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.2.  Use of Requirements Language  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     1.3.  Apparent Misconceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     1.4.  Target Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   2.  Forwarding Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.1.  Forwarding Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.1.1.  MPLS Special-Purpose Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       2.1.2.  MPLS Differentiated Services  . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       2.1.3.  Time Synchronization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       2.1.4.  Uses of Multiple Label Stack Entries  . . . . . . . .  14
       2.1.5.  MPLS Link Bundling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       2.1.6.  MPLS Hierarchy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       2.1.7.  MPLS Fast Reroute (FRR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       2.1.8.  Pseudowire Encapsulation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
         2.1.8.1.  Pseudowire Sequence Number  . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       2.1.9.  Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     2.2.  MPLS Multicast  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     2.3.  Packet Rates  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     2.4.  MPLS Multipath Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
       2.4.1.  Pseudowire Control Word . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
       2.4.2.  Large Microflows  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
       2.4.3.  Pseudowire Flow Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       2.4.4.  MPLS Entropy Label  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       2.4.5.  Fields Used for Multipath Load Balance  . . . . . . .  25
         2.4.5.1.  MPLS Fields in Multipath  . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
         2.4.5.2.  IP Fields in Multipath  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
         2.4.5.3.  Fields Used in Flow Label . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
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