DNS Root Name Service Protocol and Deployment Requirements
RFC 7720

Document Type RFC - Best Current Practice (December 2015; No errata)
Obsoletes RFC 2870
Last updated 2015-12-09
Replaces draft-blanchet-iab-2870bis
Stream IAB
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Stream IAB state (None)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
RFC Editor Note (None)
IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state No IC
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                       M. Blanchet
Request for Comments: 7720                                      Viagenie
BCP: 40                                                       L-J. Liman
Obsoletes: 2870                                                   Netnod
Category: Best Current Practice                            December 2015
ISSN: 2070-1721

       DNS Root Name Service Protocol and Deployment Requirements

Abstract

   The DNS root name service is a critical part of the Internet
   architecture.  The protocol and deployment requirements for the DNS
   root name service are defined in this document.  Operational
   requirements are out of scope.

Status of This Memo

   This memo documents an Internet Best Current Practice.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   BCPs is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7720.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Blanchet & Liman          Best Current Practice                 [Page 1]
RFC 7720             Root Name Service Requirements        December 2015

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Relationship to RFC 2870  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Protocol Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Deployment Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

1.  Introduction

   [RFC2870] discusses protocol and operational requirements for root
   name servers for the Internet's domain name system (DNS) protocol
   [RFC1035].  Since its publication, both protocol and operational
   requirements have evolved.  It makes more sense now to separate the
   two sets of requirements into two separate documents.  This document
   only defines the protocol requirements and some deployment
   requirements.  The operational requirements that were defined in RFC
   2870 have been removed.  Operational requirements are now defined by
   the Root Server System Advisory Committee of ICANN and are documented
   in [RSSAC-001].

   The root servers are authoritative servers of the unique [RFC2826]
   root zone (".") [ROOTZONE].  They currently also serve the root-
   servers.net zone.  Some also serve the zone for the .arpa top-level
   domain [ARPAZONE] [RFC3172].  This document describes the external
   interface of the root name servers from a protocol viewpoint of the
   service.  It specifies basic requirements for the Internet that DNS
   clients meet when interacting with a root name service over the
   public Internet.

   The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD,
   SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL, when they appear in this
   document, are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, [RFC2119].

1.1.  Relationship to RFC 2870

   This document obsoletes [RFC2870].

   This document and [RSSAC-001] together functionally replace
   [RFC2870].

Blanchet & Liman          Best Current Practice                 [Page 2]
RFC 7720             Root Name Service Requirements        December 2015

2.  Protocol Requirements

   This section describes the minimum high-level protocol requirements.
   Operative details are documented in [RSSAC-001].

   The root name service:

   o  MUST implement core DNS [RFC1035] and clarifications to the DNS
      [RFC2181].

   o  MUST support IPv4 [RFC791] and IPv6 [RFC2460] transport of DNS
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