Host Mobility with the Host Identity Protocol
RFC 8046

Document Type RFC - Proposed Standard (February 2017; No errata)
Obsoletes RFC 5206
Last updated 2017-02-14
Stream IETF
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Reviews
Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication
Document shepherd Gonzalo Camarillo
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2016-06-14)
IESG IESG state RFC 8046 (Proposed Standard)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
Telechat date
Responsible AD Terry Manderson
Send notices to "Gonzalo Camarillo" <gonzalo.camarillo@ericsson.com>
IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state RFC-Ed-Ack
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                 T. Henderson, Ed.
Request for Comments: 8046                      University of Washington
Obsoletes: 5206                                                  C. Vogt
Category: Standards Track                                    Independent
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                 J. Arkko
                                                                Ericsson
                                                           February 2017

             Host Mobility with the Host Identity Protocol

Abstract

   This document defines a mobility extension to the Host Identity
   Protocol (HIP).  Specifically, this document defines a "LOCATOR_SET"
   parameter for HIP messages that allows for a HIP host to notify peers
   about alternate addresses at which it may be reached.  This document
   also defines how the parameter can be used to preserve communications
   across a change to the IP address used by one or both peer hosts.
   The same LOCATOR_SET parameter can also be used to support end-host
   multihoming (as specified in RFC 8047).  This document obsoletes RFC
   5206.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8046.

Henderson, et al.            Standards Track                    [Page 1]
RFC 8046                    HIP Host Mobility              February 2017

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Henderson, et al.            Standards Track                    [Page 2]
RFC 8046                    HIP Host Mobility              February 2017

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction and Scope  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Terminology and Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Protocol Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.1.  Operating Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       3.1.1.  Locator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       3.1.2.  Mobility Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.2.  Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       3.2.1.  Mobility with a Single SA Pair (No Rekeying)  . . . .  10
       3.2.2.  Mobility with a Single SA Pair (Mobile-Initiated
               Rekey)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       3.2.3.  Mobility Messaging through the Rendezvous Server  . .  13
       3.2.4.  Network Renumbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     3.3.  Other Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       3.3.1.  Address Verification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       3.3.2.  Credit-Based Authorization  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       3.3.3.  Preferred Locator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   4.  LOCATOR_SET Parameter Format  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     4.1.  Traffic Type and Preferred Locator  . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     4.2.  Locator Type and Locator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     4.3.  UPDATE Packet with Included LOCATOR_SET . . . . . . . . .  19
   5.  Processing Rules  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     5.1.  Locator Data Structure and Status . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     5.2.  Sending the LOCATOR_SET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     5.3.  Handling Received LOCATOR_SETs  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     5.4.  Verifying Address Reachability  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
     5.5.  Changing the Preferred Locator  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
     5.6.  Credit-Based Authorization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
       5.6.1.  Handling Payload Packets  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
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