The application/pdf Media Type
RFC 8118

Document Type RFC - Informational (March 2017; No errata)
Obsoletes RFC 3778
Was draft-hardy-pdf-mime (individual)
Last updated 2017-03-17
Stream IETF
Formats plain text pdf html bibtex
Reviews
Stream WG state (None)
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state RFC 8118 (Informational)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
Telechat date
Responsible AD Alexey Melnikov
Send notices to (None)
IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state RFC-Ed-Ack
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                          M. Hardy
Request for Comments: 8118                                   L. Masinter
Obsoletes: 3778                                              D. Markovic
Category: Informational                       Adobe Systems Incorporated
ISSN: 2070-1721                                               D. Johnson
                                                         PDF Association
                                                               M. Bailey
                                                         Global Graphics
                                                              March 2017

                     The application/pdf Media Type

Abstract

   The Portable Document Format (PDF) is an ISO standard (ISO
   32000-1:2008) defining a final-form document representation language
   in use for document exchange, including on the Internet, since 1993.
   This document provides an overview of the PDF format and updates the
   media type registration of "application/pdf".  It obsoletes RFC 3778.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8118.

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RFC 8118                     application/pdf                  March 2017

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. History .........................................................3
   3. Fragment Identifiers ............................................3
   4. Subset Standards ................................................5
   5. PDF Versions ....................................................6
   6. PDF Implementations .............................................7
   7. Security Considerations .........................................7
   8. IANA Considerations .............................................8
   9. References ......................................................9
      9.1. Normative References .......................................9
      9.2. Informative References .....................................9
   Appendix A. Changes since RFC 3778 ................................11
   Authors' Addresses ................................................12

1.  Introduction

   This document is intended to provide updated information on the
   registration of the MIME Media Type "application/pdf" for documents
   in the PDF (Portable Document Format) syntax.  It obsoletes
   [RFC3778].

   PDF was originally envisioned as a way to reliably communicate and
   view printed information electronically across a wide variety of
   machine configurations, operating systems, and communication
   networks.

   PDF is used to represent "final form" formatted documents.  PDF pages
   may include text, images, graphics, and multimedia content such as
   video and audio.  PDF is also capable of containing auxiliary
   structures, including annotations, bookmarks, file attachments,
   hyperlinks, logical structures, and metadata.  These features are

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RFC 8118                     application/pdf                  March 2017

   useful for navigation and building collections of related documents,
   as well as for reviewing and commenting on documents.  A rich
   JavaScript model has been defined for interacting with PDF documents.

   The imaging model for PDF was originally based on the PostScript [PS]
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