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Character Generator Protocol
RFC 864

Document Type RFC - Internet Standard (May 1983) Errata
Also known as STD 22
Last updated 2022-01-28
RFC stream Legacy stream
Stream Legacy state (None)
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
RFC Editor Note (None)
IESG IESG state RFC 864 (Internet Standard)
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)
RFC 864
Network Working Group                                          J. Postel
Request for Comments: 864                                            ISI
                                                                May 1983

                      Character Generator Protocol

This RFC specifies a standard for the ARPA Internet community.  Hosts on
the ARPA Internet that choose to implement a Character Generator
Protocol are expected to adopt and implement this standard.

A useful debugging and measurement tool is a character generator
service.  A character generator service simply sends data without regard
to the input.

TCP Based Character Generator Service

   One character generator service is defined as a connection based
   application on TCP.  A server listens for TCP connections on TCP port
   19.  Once a connection is established a stream of data is sent out
   the connection (and any data received is thrown away).  This
   continues until the calling user terminates the connection.

   It is fairly likely that users of this service will abruptly decide
   that they have had enough and abort the TCP connection, instead of
   carefully closing it.  The service should be prepared for either the
   carfull close or the rude abort.

   The data flow over the connection is limited by the normal TCP flow
   control mechanisms, so there is no concern about the service sending
   data faster than the user can process it.

UDP Based Character Generator Service

   Another character generator service is defined as a datagram based
   application on UDP.  A server listens for UDP datagrams on UDP port
   19.  When a datagram is received, an answering datagram is sent
   containing a random number (between 0 and 512) of characters (the
   data in the received datagram is ignored).

   There is no history or state information associated with the UDP
   version of this service, so there is no continuity of data from one
   answering datagram to another.

   The service only send one datagram in response to each received
   datagram, so there is no concern about the service sending data
   faster than the user can process it.

Postel                                                          [Page 1]

RFC 864                                                         May 1983
Character Generator Protocol                                            

Data Syntax

   The data may be anything.  It is recommended that a recognizable
   pattern be used in tha data.

      One popular pattern is 72 chraracter lines of the ASCII printing
      characters.  There are 95 printing characters in the ASCII
      character set.  Sort the characters into an ordered sequence and
      number the characters from 0 through 94.  Think of the sequence as
      a ring so that character number 0 follows character number 94.  On
      the first line (line 0) put the characters numbered 0 through 71.
      On the next line (line 1) put the characters numbered 1 through
      72.  And so on.  On line N, put characters (0+N mod 95) through
      (71+N mod 95).  End each line with carriage return and line feed.

Postel                                                          [Page 2]

RFC 864                                                         May 1983
Character Generator Protocol                                            


9:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !
:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"
;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#
<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$
=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%
>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&
?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'
@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'(
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()
BCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*
CDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+
DEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,
EFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-
FGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-.
GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./
HIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./0
IJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./01
JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./012
KLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./01234
MNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./012345
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~ !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456

Postel                                                          [Page 3]