Research Directions for Using Information-Centric Networking (ICN) in Disaster Scenarios
RFC 8884

Document Type RFC - Informational (October 2020; No errata)
Authors Jan Seedorf  , Mayutan Arumaithurai  , Atsushi Tagami  , K. Ramakrishnan  , Nicola Blefari-Melazzi 
Last updated 2020-10-23
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Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)                           J. Seedorf
Request for Comments: 8884     HFT Stuttgart - Univ. of Applied Sciences
Category: Informational                                  M. Arumaithurai
ISSN: 2070-1721                                  University of G├Âttingen
                                                               A. Tagami
                                                      KDDI Research Inc.
                                                         K. Ramakrishnan
                                                University of California
                                                      N. Blefari Melazzi
                                                  University Tor Vergata
                                                            October 2020

 Research Directions for Using Information-Centric Networking (ICN) in
                           Disaster Scenarios


   Information-Centric Networking (ICN) is a new paradigm where the
   network provides users with named content instead of communication
   channels between hosts.  This document outlines some research
   directions for ICN with respect to applying ICN approaches for coping
   with natural or human-generated, large-scale disasters.  This
   document is a product of the Information-Centric Networking Research
   Group (ICNRG).

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Research Task Force
   (IRTF).  The IRTF publishes the results of Internet-related research
   and development activities.  These results might not be suitable for
   deployment.  This RFC represents the consensus of the Information-
   Centric Networking Research Group of the Internet Research Task Force
   (IRTF).  Documents approved for publication by the IRSG are not a
   candidate for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   ( in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction
   2.  Disaster Scenarios
   3.  Research Challenges and Benefits of ICN
     3.1.  High-Level Research Challenges
     3.2.  How ICN Can be Beneficial
     3.3.  ICN as Starting Point vs. Existing DTN Solutions
   4.  Use Cases and Requirements
   5.  ICN-Based Research Approaches and Open Research Challenges
     5.1.  Suggested ICN-Based Research Approaches
     5.2.  Open Research Challenges
   6.  Security Considerations
   7.  Conclusion
   8.  IANA Considerations
   9.  References
     9.1.  Normative References
     9.2.  Informative References
   Authors' Addresses

1.  Introduction

   This document summarizes some research challenges for coping with
   natural or human-generated, large-scale disasters.  In particular,
   the document discusses potential research directions for applying
   Information-Centric Networking (ICN) to address these challenges.

   Research and standardization approaches exist (for instance, see the
   work and discussions in the concluded IRTF DTN Research Group [dtnrg]
   and in the IETF DTN Working Group [dtnwg]).  In addition, a published
   Experimental RFC in the IRTF Stream [RFC5050] discusses Delay-
   Tolerant Networking (DTN), which is a key necessity for communicating
   in the disaster scenarios we are considering in this document.
   'Disconnection tolerance' can thus be achieved with these existing
   DTN approaches.  However, while these approaches can provide
   independence from an existing communication infrastructure (which
   indeed may not work anymore after a disaster has happened), ICN
   offers key concepts, such as new naming schemes and innovative
   multicast communication, which together enable many essential
   (publish/subscribe-based) use cases for communication after a
   disaster (e.g., message prioritization, one-to-many delivery of
   messages, group communication among rescue teams, and the use cases
   discussed in Section 4).  One could add such features to existing DTN
   protocols and solutions; however, in this document, we explore the
   use of ICN as a starting point for building a communication
   architecture that supports (somewhat limited) communication
   capabilities after a disaster.  We discuss the relationship between
   the ICN approaches (for enabling communication after a disaster)
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