Proposed WG Machine Learning for Audio Coding (mlcodec)
|WG||Name||Machine Learning for Audio Coding|
|Area||Applications and Real-Time Area (art)|
|Charter||charter-ietf-mlcodec-00-01 Start Chartering/Rechartering (Internal Steering Group/IAB Review)|
|Personnel||Area Director||Murray Kucherawy|
Charter for proposed Working Group
The Opus codec (RFC 6716) was adopted by the IETF in 2012. Since then,
speech and audio processing technology has made significant progress,
thanks in large part to deep learning techniques. It is desirable to
update the existing Opus codec to benefit from recent advances without
breaking compatibility with RFC 6716. Opus has achieved a wide degree of
interoperability by using in-band signaling to avoid negotiation
failure. Implementing new coding technology within Opus would allow
incremental compatible deployment of the updated specification, while
preserving interoperability with the existing billions of Opus-enabled
In doing so, we wish to retain the original qualities that drove the
original Opus development to develop codecs that (quoting from codec WG charter):
1. Are optimized for use in interactive Internet applications.
2. Are published by a recognized standards development organization
(SDO) and therefore subject to clear change control.
3. Can be widely implemented and easily distributed among application
developers, service operators, and end users.
The goals of this working group are:
1) Improving the robustness to packet loss of Opus through efficient
2) Improving the speech coding quality at low bitrates
3) Improving the music coding quality at low bitrates
The working group may also consider other improvements to Opus. The
group will only consider solutions that result in bitstreams that are
forwards and backwards compatible with RFC6716, and thus decodable by
any decoder. Although it is likely that machine learning will be
required to meet the objectives above, classical solutions will also be
considered if they can achieve similar performance.
As was the case with the original codec WG, this work will primarily
focus on interactive, real-time applications over the Internet and will
ensure interoperability with existing IETF real-time protocols,
including RTP, SIP/SDP, and WebRTC. Given the widespread deployment of
WebRTC, ensuring that the work improves WebRTC experience is of
particular importance. Other applications, such as non-real-time
streaming will be considered too, but only so long as their requirements
do not interfere with those of real-time applications.
The working group cannot explicitly rule out the possibility of adopting
encumbered technologies; however, consistent with BCP 78 and BCP 79, the
working group will try to avoid encumbered technologies that require
royalties or other encumbrances that would prevent such technologies
from being easy to redistribute and use.
1. A specification for a generic Opus extension mechanism that can be
used not only for the other proposed deliverables, but can also sustain
further extensions to Opus in the future. This document shall be a
Proposed Standard document.
2. A specification for coding large amounts of very low bitrate
redundancy information for the purpose of significantly improving the
robustness of Opus to bursts of packet loss. This document shall be a
Proposed Standard document.
3. A specification for improving the quality of SILK- and hybrid-coded
speech through decoder changes, with and without side information
provided by the encoder. This will be done in a way that does not affect
interoperability between original and extended implementations. This
document shall be a Proposed Standard document.
4. A specification for improving the quality of CELT-coded audio (both
speech and music) through decoder changes, with and without side
information provided by the encoder. This will be done in a way that
does not affect interoperability between original and extended
implementations. This document shall be a Proposed Standard document.
|Sep 2024||Sunmit specification for improving the quality of CELT-coded audio to the IESG as Proposed Standard.|
|Jun 2024||Submit specification for improving the quality SILK- and hybrid-coded speech to the IESG as Proposed Standard.|
|Mar 2024||Submit specification for Opus resiliency against packet loss to the IESG as Proposed Standard.|
|Dec 2023||Submit generic Opus extension mechanism to the IESG as Proposed Standard.|