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Concluded WG Reputation Services (repute)

Note: The data for concluded WGs is occasionally incorrect.

WG Name Reputation Services
Acronym repute
Area Applications Area (app)
State Concluded
Charter charter-ietf-repute-01 Approved
Document dependencies
Additional resources Issue tracker, Wiki
Personnel Chairs Chris Lewis, Dave Crocker
Area Director Pete Resnick
Mailing list Address
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Final Charter for Working Group

  In the open Internet, making a meaningful choice about the handling
  of content requires an assessment of its safety or "trustworthiness".
  This can be based on a trust metric for the owner (identity) of an
  identifier associated with the content, to distinguish (likely)
  good actors from bad actors.  The generic term for such information
  is "reputation".  This working group will develop mechanisms for
  reputation reporting by independent services.  One mechanism will be
  for a basic assessment of trustworthiness.  Another will provide a
  range of attribute/value data that is used as input to such an
  assessment.  Each service determines the attributes it reports.

  Various mechanisms have been developed for associating a verified
  identifier with email content, such as with SPF (RFC4408) and DKIM
  (RFC4871).  An existing reputation query mechanism is
  Vouch-by-Reference (RFC5518). It provides a simple Boolean
  response concerning a domain name used for email.  The current working
  group effort will expand upon this, to support additional
  applications -- such as Web pages and hosts -- and a wider range of
  reporting information.

  Given the recent adoption of domain name verification for email,
  by SPF and DKIM, the most obvious initial use case for reputation is
  for email.  Inbound email filters that perform message authentication
  can obtain a verified domain name and then consult a reputation

provider to make a determination (perhaps also based on other
factors) of whether or not the content is desirable and take
appropriate action with respect to delivery, routing or rejection.

  Another possible use case is identity-based evaluation of web
  content using technologies such as the DKIM-derived DOSETA
  (work in progress).

  This working group will produce specifications (targeting the
  standards track, though the working group will determine the
  appropriate status) for:

     * the detailed requirements for reporting

     * an end-to-end system architecture in which reporting occurs

     * the mechanisms and formats for reporting

  Two mechanisms are under consideration:

     * simple -- a reputation is expressed in a simple manner,
                 via records in the DNS
             (see draft-kucherawy-reputation-query-dns)

     * extended -- a response can contain more complex information
               useful to an assessor, reported over HTTP using
                   an encoding such as XML or JSON
               (see draft-kucherawy-reputation-query-http)

  The syntactic and semantic aspects of mechanisms and formats will be
  designed to be application-independent and portable (i.e., reputation
  provider-independent).  By distinguishing reporting information
  (format) from reporting mechanism (channel), the specifications
  will permit adaptation to support reporting through additional
  channels.  Limited application-specific tailoring will be
  provided for email, to demonstrate the approach, which can be
  applied for supporting additional applications.  The design and
  specification will also permit adaptation to support reporting
  through additional transport channels.

  Items that are specifically out of scope for this work:

     * Specific actions to be taken in response to a reputation reply.
       It is up to assessors (i.e., the consumers of reputation data)
       to determine this.  Non-normative illustrations, however, can
           be included to demonstrate possible uses of reputation data
       in a particular context.

     * Selection of what data might be valid as the subject of a
       reputation query.  It is up to reputation service providers and
       assessors to select which qualities of a body of data might
       be useful input to reputation evaluation.

     * Concerns about methods of verifying domain names that are used
       for email reputation.  A verified domain name is a starting point
       for this work; the means by which it was obtained and the
       "meaning" of the name or its verification are matters for
       discussion elsewhere.

     * Algorithms to be applied to aggregated feedback in order to
       compute reputations.  These are part of a back-end system,

proprietary, and not appropriate for specification as part of
a query/reply framework and protocol.

  The initial draft set:


Date Milestone Associated documents
Jul 2012 Specification for the extended query mechanism, to the IESG for publication.
Jul 2012 Specification defining the simple query mechanism, to the IESG for publication.
May 2012 Informational document, defining the vocabulary for providing reputation in the email sphere, to the IESG for publication.
Mar 2012 Specification for the multi-attribute reporting data structure, to the IESG for publication.
Mar 2012 Informational document, defining the problem space and solution architecture, to the IESG for publication.