|Internet-Draft||IPv6 VTN Option||March 2022|
|Dong, et al.||Expires 6 September 2022||[Page]|
- Network Working Group
- Intended Status:
- Standards Track
Carrying Virtual Transport Network (VTN) Identifier in IPv6 Extension Header
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) provide different customers with logically separated connectivity over a common network infrastructure. With the introduction and evolvement of 5G and other network scenarios, some existing or new customers may require connectivity services with advanced characteristics comparing to traditional VPNs. Such kind of network service is called enhanced VPNs (VPN+).¶
A Virtual Transport Network (VTN) is a virtual underlay network which consists of a set of dedicated or shared network resources allocated from the physical underlay network, and is associated with a customized logical network topology. VPN+ services can be delivered by mapping one or a group of overlay VPNs to the appropriate VTNs as the virtual underlay. In packet forwarding, some fields in the data packet needs to be used to identify the VTN the packet belongs to, so that the VTN-specific processing can be performed on each node the packet traverses.¶
This document proposes a new Hop-by-Hop option of IPv6 extension header to carry the VTN Resource ID, which is used to identify the set of network resources allocated to a VTN for packet processing. The procedure for processing the VTN option is also specified.¶
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Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) provide different customers with logically isolated connectivity over a common network infrastructure. With the introduction and evolvement of 5G and other network scenarios, some existing or new customers may require connectivity services with advanced characteristics comparing to traditional VPNs, such as resource isolation from other services or guaranteed performance. Such kind of network service is called enhanced VPN (VPN+). VPN+ service requires the coordination and integration between the overlay VPNs and the network characteristics of the underlay.¶
[I-D.ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn] describes a framework and the candidate component technologies for providing VPN+ services. It also introduces the concept of Virtual Transport Network (VTN). A Virtual Transport Network (VTN) is a virtual underlay network which consists of a set of dedicated or shared network resources allocated from the physical underlay network, and is associated with a customized logical network topology. VPN+ services can be delivered by mapping one or a group of overlay VPNs to the appropriate VTNs as the underlay, so as to provide the network characteristics required by the customers. In packet forwarding, traffic of different VPN+ services need to be processed separately based on the network resources and the logical topology associated with the corresponding VTN.¶
[I-D.dong-teas-enhanced-vpn-vtn-scalability] describes the scalability considerations and the possible optimizations for providing a relatively large number of VTNs for VPN+ services. One approach to improve the data plane scalability of VTN is to introduce a dedicated VTN Resource Identifier (VTN Resource ID) in the data packet to identify the set of network resources allocated to a VTN, so that VTN-specific packet processing can be performed using that set of resources, which avoids the possible resource competition with services in other VTNs. This is called Resource Independent (RI) VTN. A VTN Resource ID represents a subset of the resources (e.g. bandwidth, buffer and queuing resources) allocated on a given set of links and nodes which constitute a logical network topology. The logical topology associated with a VTN could be defined using mechanisms such as Multi-Topology [RFC4915], [RFC5120] or Flex-Algo [I-D.ietf-lsr-flex-algo], etc.¶
This document proposes a mechanism to carry the VTN resource ID in a new Hop-by-Hop option of IPv6 extension header [RFC8200] of IPv6 packet, so that on each network node along the packet forwarding path, the VTN option in the packet is parsed, and the obtained VTN Resource ID is used to instruct the network node to use the set of network resources allocated to the corresponding VTN to process and forward the packet. The procedure for processing the VTN Resource ID is also specified. This provides a scalable solution to support a relatively large number of VTNs in an IPv6 network.¶
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP14 RFC 2119 [RFC2119] RFC 8174 [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.¶
A new Hop-by-Hop option type "VTN" is defined to carry the VTN related Identifier in an IPv6 packet. Its format is shown as below:¶
Option Option Option Type Data Len Data +--------+--------+-------------------------+ |BBCTTTTT|00000100| 4-octet VTN Resource ID | +--------+--------+-------------------------+ Figure 1. The format of VTN Option¶
Option Type: 8-bit identifier of the type of option. The type of VTN option is to be assigned by IANA. The highest-order bits of the type field are defined as below:¶
- BB 00 The highest-order 2 bits are set to 00 to indicate that a node which does not recognize this type will skip over it and continue processing the header.¶
- C 0 The third highest-order bit are set to 0 to indicate this option does not change en route.¶
Opt Data Len: 8-bit unsigned integer indicates the length of the option Data field of this option, in octets. The value of Opt Data Len of VTN option SHOULD be set to 4.¶
VTN Resource ID: 4-octet identifier which uniquely identifies the set of network resources allocated to a VTN.¶
8-bit 24-bit +------------+-------------------------+ | SST | Slice Differentiator | +------------+-------------------------+ Figure 2. The format of S-NSSAI¶
As the VTN option needs to be processed by each node along the path for VTN-specific forwarding, it SHOULD be carried in IPv6 Hop-by-Hop options header when the Hop-by-Hop options header can be either processed or ignored in forwarding plane by all the nodes along the path.¶
When an ingress node of an IPv6 domain receives a packet, according to the traffic classification or mapping policy, the packet is steered into one of the VTNs in the network, then the packet SHOULD be encapsulated in an outer IPv6 header, and the Resource ID of the VTN which the packet is mapped to SHOULD be carried in the VTN option of the Hop-by-Hop options header associated with the outer IPv6 header.¶
On receipt of a packet with the VTN option, each network node which can process the VTN option in fast path SHOULD use the VTN Resource ID to determine the set of local network resources allocated to the VTN for packet processing. The packet forwarding behavior is based on both the destination IP address and the VTN Resource ID. More specifically, the destination IP address is used to determine the next-hop and the outgoing interface, and VTN Resource ID is used to determine the set of network resources on the outgoing interface which are reserved to the VTN for processing and sending the packet. The Traffic Class field of the outer IPv6 header MAY be used to provide Diffserv treatment for packets which belong to the same VTN. The egress node of the IPv6 domain SHOULD decapsulate the outer IPv6 header which includes the VTN option.¶
In the forwarding plane, there can be different approaches of partitioning the local network resources and allocating them to different VTNs. For example, on one physical interface, a subset of the forwarding plane resources (e.g. the bandwidth and the associated buffer and queuing resources) can be allocated to a particular VTN and represented as a virtual sub-interface with reserved bandwidth resource. In packet forwarding, the IPv6 destination address of the received packet is used to identify the next-hop and the outgoing layer-3 interface, and the VTN Resource ID is used to further identify the virtual sub-interface which is associated with the VTN on the outgoing interface.¶
Network nodes which do not support the processing of Hop-by-Hop options header SHOULD ignore the Hop-by-Hop options header and forward the packet only based on the destination IP address. Network nodes which support Hop-by-Hop Options header, but do not support the VTN option SHOULD ignore the VTN option and continue to forward the packet based on the destination IP address and MAY also based on the rest of the Hop-by-Hop Options.¶
As described in [RFC8200], network nodes may be configured to ignore the Hop-by-Hop Options header, and in some implementations a packet containing a Hop-by-Hop Options header may be dropped or assigned to a slow processing path. The proposed modification to the processing of IPv6 Hop-by-Hop options header is specified in [I-D.ietf-6man-hbh-processing]. Operator needs to make sure that all the network nodes involved in a VTN can either process Hop-by-Hop Options header in the fast path, or ignore the Hop-by-Hop Option header. Since a VTN is associated with a logical network topology, it is practical to ensure that all the network nodes involved in that logical topology support the processing of the HBH options header and the VTN option. In other word, packets steered into a VTN MUST NOT be dropped due to the existence of the Hop-by-Hop Options header. It is RECOMMENDED to configure all the network nodes involved in a VTN to process the Hop-by-Hop Options header and the VTN option if there is a nob for this.¶
This document requests IANA to assign a new option type from "Destination Options and Hop-by-Hop Options" registry.¶
Value Description Reference -------------------------------------- TBD VTN Option this document¶
The security considerations with IPv6 Hop-by-Hop options header are described in [RFC8200], [RFC7045] and [I-D.ietf-6man-hbh-processing]. This document introduces a new IPv6 Hop-by-Hop option which is either processed in the fast path or ignored by network nodes, thus it does not introduce additional security issues.¶
Zhibo Hu Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lei Bao Email: email@example.com¶
The authors would like to thank Juhua Xu, James Guichard, Joel Halpern and Tom Petch for their review and valuable comments.¶
- Dong, J., Bryant, S., Li, Z., Miyasaka, T., and Y. Lee, "A Framework for Enhanced Virtual Private Network (VPN+) Services", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn-09, , <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn-09.txt>.
- Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
- Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
- Deering, S. and R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification", STD 86, RFC 8200, DOI 10.17487/RFC8200, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8200>.
- Dong, J., Li, Z., Gong, L., Yang, G., Guichard, J. N., Mishra, G., and F. Qin, "Scalability Considerations for Enhanced VPN (VPN+)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-dong-teas-enhanced-vpn-vtn-scalability-04, , <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-dong-teas-enhanced-vpn-vtn-scalability-04.txt>.
- Hinden, R. M. and G. Fairhurst, "IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Options Processing Procedures", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-6man-hbh-processing-00, , <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-6man-hbh-processing-00.txt>.
- Psenak, P., Hegde, S., Filsfils, C., Talaulikar, K., and A. Gulko, "IGP Flexible Algorithm", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-lsr-flex-algo-18, , <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-lsr-flex-algo-18.txt>.
- Psenak, P., Mirtorabi, S., Roy, A., Nguyen, L., and P. Pillay-Esnault, "Multi-Topology (MT) Routing in OSPF", RFC 4915, DOI 10.17487/RFC4915, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4915>.
- Przygienda, T., Shen, N., and N. Sheth, "M-ISIS: Multi Topology (MT) Routing in Intermediate System to Intermediate Systems (IS-ISs)", RFC 5120, DOI 10.17487/RFC5120, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5120>.
- Carpenter, B. and S. Jiang, "Transmission and Processing of IPv6 Extension Headers", RFC 7045, DOI 10.17487/RFC7045, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7045>.
- "3GPP TS23.501", , <https://portal.3gpp.org/desktopmodules/Specifications/SpecificationDetails.aspx?specificationId=3144>.