Internet-Draft BGP Flow Specification for SRv6 March 2024
Li, et al. Expires 29 September 2024 [Page]
Network Working Group
Intended Status:
Standards Track
Z. Li
L. Li
H. Chen
C. Loibl
Next Layer Communications
G. Mishra
Verizon Inc.
Y. Fan
Casa Systems
Y. Zhu
China Telecom
L. Liu
X. Liu
Volta Networks

BGP Flow Specification for SRv6


This document proposes extensions to BGP Flow Specification for SRv6 for filtering packets with a SRv6 SID that matches a sequence of conditions.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119][RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

This Internet-Draft will expire on 29 September 2024.

1. Introduction

[RFC8955] describes in details about a new BGP NLRI to distribute a flow specification, which is an n-tuple comprising a sequence of matching criteria that can be applied to IP traffic. [RFC8956] extends [RFC8955] to make it also usable and applicable to IPv6 data packets. [I-D.ietf-idr-flowspec-l2vpn] extends the flow-spec rules for layer 2 Ethernet packets. [I-D.hares-idr-flowspec-v2] specifies BGP Flow Specification Version 2.

Segment Routing (SR) for unicast traffic has been proposed to cope with the usecases in traffic engineering, fast re-reroute, service chain, etc. SR architecture can be implemented over an IPv6 data plane using a new type of IPv6 extension header called Segment Routing Header (SRH) [I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header]. SRv6 Network Programming [RFC8986] defines the SRv6 network programming concept and its most basic functions. An SRv6 SID may have the form of LOC:FUNCT:ARG::.

LOC: Each operator is free to use the locator length it chooses. Most often the LOC part of the SID is routable and leads to the node which instantiates that SID.

FUNCT: The FUNCT part of the SID is an opaque identification of a local function bound to the SID. E.g., End.X, End.T, End.DX2, etc.

ARG: A function may require additional arguments that would be placed immediately after the FUNCT.

This document specifies one new BGP Flow Specification (FS) component type to support Segment Routing over IPv6 data plane (SRv6) filtering for BGP Flow Specification Version 2. The match field is destination address of IPv6 header, but it's a SRv6 SID from SRH rather than a traditional IPv6 address (refer to Figure 1). To support these features, a Flowspec version that is IPv6 capable (i.e., AFI = 2) MUST be used. These match capabilities of the features MAY be permitted to match when there is an accompanying SRH.

 IPv6 Header|     SA      |     DA        |<--Match field of this document
            |             +-------------+ |     +-------------------+
            |             | Segment[0]  +-------> Loc | Func | Arg  |
            |             +-------------+ |     +-------------------+
            |             | Segment[1]  | |
            |             +-------------+ |
            |             |    ...      | |
   SR Header|             +-------------+ |
            |             | Segment[n]  | |
            |             +-------------+ |
            |             +-------------+ |
            |             ~  Option TLV ~ |
            |             +-------------+ |
Figure 1: Match Field

2. Definitions and Acronyms

  • FS: Flow Specification

  • BGP-FS: Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Flow Specification (FS)

  • SR: Segment Routing

  • SRH: SR Header.

  • SRv6: IPv6 Segment Routing, SRv6 is a method of forwarding IPv6 packets on the network based on the concept of source routing.

  • SID: Segment Identifier

  • BSID: Binding SID

3. The Flow Specification Encoding for SRv6

The Flow Specification NLRI-type consists of several optional components, each of which begins with a type field (1 octet) followed by a variable length parameter. 13 component types are defined in [RFC8955] and [RFC8956] for IPv4 and IPv6. This document defines one component type for SRv6.

3.1. Type TBD1 - Some Parts of SID

[RFC8986] defines the format of SID is LOC:FUNCT:ARG::. In some scenarios, traffic packets can just match Locator, Function ID, Arguments or some combinations of these different fields. In order to match a part of SID, its prior parts need to be examined and matched first. For example, in order to match the Function ID (FUNCT), the Locator (LOC) needs to be examined and matched first. The new component type TBD1 defined below is for matching some parts of SID.

Encoding: <type, LOC-Len, FUNCT-Len, ARG-Len, [op, value]+>

o type (1 octet):
This indicates the new component type (TBD1, which is to be assigned by IANA).
o LOC-Len (1 octet):
This indicates the length in bits of LOC in SID.
o FUNCT-Len (1 octet):
This indicates the length in bits of FUNCT in SID.
o ARG-Len (1 octet):
This indicates the length in bits of ARG in SID.
o [op, value]+:
This contains a list of {operator, value} pairs that are used to match some parts of SID.

The total of three lengths (i.e., LOC length + FUNCT length + ARG length) MUST NOT be greater than 128. If it is greater than 128, an error occurs and Error Handling is applied according to [RFC7606] and [RFC4760].

The operator (op) byte is encoded as:

   0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
 | e | a | field type|lt |gt |eq |

where the behavior of each operator bit has clear symmetry with that of [RFC8955]'s Numeric Operator field.

e - end-of-list bit. Set in the last {op, value} pair in the sequence.

a - AND bit. If unset, the previous term is logically ORed with the current one. If set, the operation is a logical AND. It should be unset in the first operator byte of a sequence. The AND operator has higher priority than OR for the purposes of evaluating logical expressions.

field type:


For an unknown type, Error Handling is applied according to [RFC7606] and [RFC4760].

lt - less than comparison between data' and value'.

gt - greater than comparison between data' and value'.

eq - equality between data' and value'.

The data' and value' used in lt, gt and eq are indicated by the field type in a operator and the value field following the operator.

The value field depends on the field type and has the value of SID's some parts rounding up to bytes (refer to the table below).

 | Field Type            | Value                        |
 | SID's LOC             | value of LOC bits            |
 | SID's FUNCT           | value of FUNCT bits          |
 | SID's ARG             | value of ARG bits            |
 | SID's LOC:FUNCT       | value of LOC:FUNCT bits      |
 | SID's FUNCT:ARG       | value of FUNCT:ARG bits      |
 | SID's LOC:FUNCT:ARG   | value of LOC:FUNCT:ARG bits  |

3.2. Encoding Examples

3.2.1. Example 1

An example of a Flow Specification NLRI encoding for: all SRv6 packets to LOC 2001:db8:3::/48 and FUNCT {range [0100, 0300]}.

       Some Parts of SID
length       v             LOC==20010db80003  FUN>=100  FUN<=300
0x12        0f  30 10 40   01 2001 0db8 0003  4b 0100   bd 0300
                ^  ^   ^
                |  |   |
    Length of LOC FUN ARG
         0x12     length       18 octets (if len<240, 1 octet)
    TBD1(0x0f)    type         type TBD1(0x0f) - Some Parts of SID
         0x30     LOC Length   = 48 (bits)
         0x10     FUNCT Length = 16 (bits)
         0x40     ARG Length   = 64 (bits)
         0x01     op           LOC  ==
         0x2001   value        LOC's value = 2001:db8:3
         0x4b     op           "AND", FUNCT >=
         0x0100   value        FUNCT's value = 0100
         0xbd     op           end-of-list, "AND", FUNCT <=
         0x0300   value        FUNCT's value = 0300

4. Security Considerations

No new security issues are introduced to the BGP protocol by this specification over the security considerations in [RFC8955] and [RFC8956].

5. IANA Considerations

Under "Flow Spec Component Types" registry, IANA is requested to assign the following values:

| Value     | IPv4 Name  | IPv6 Name         | Reference      |
| TBD1      | Unassigned | Some Parts of SID | This Document  |

6. Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Joel Halpern, Jeffrey Haas, Ketan Talaulikar, Aijun Wang, Dhruv Dhody, Shunwan Zhuang and Rainsword Wang for their valuable suggestions and comments on this draft.

7. References

7.1. Normative References

Hares, S., Eastlake, D. E., Yadlapalli, C., and S. Maduschke, "BGP Flow Specification Version 2", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-hares-idr-flowspec-v2-05, , <>.
Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <>.
Bates, T., Chandra, R., Katz, D., and Y. Rekhter, "Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4", RFC 4760, DOI 10.17487/RFC4760, , <>.
Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "IANA Registries for BGP Extended Communities", RFC 7153, DOI 10.17487/RFC7153, , <>.
Chen, E., Ed., Scudder, J., Ed., Mohapatra, P., and K. Patel, "Revised Error Handling for BGP UPDATE Messages", RFC 7606, DOI 10.17487/RFC7606, , <>.
Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, , <>.
Loibl, C., Hares, S., Raszuk, R., McPherson, D., and M. Bacher, "Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules", RFC 8955, DOI 10.17487/RFC8955, , <>.
Loibl, C., Ed., Raszuk, R., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules for IPv6", RFC 8956, DOI 10.17487/RFC8956, , <>.

7.2. Informative References

Filsfils, C., Dukes, D., Previdi, S., Leddy, J., Matsushima, S., and D. Voyer, "IPv6 Segment Routing Header (SRH)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-6man-segment-routing-header-26, , <>.
Weiguo, H., Eastlake, D. E., Litkowski, S., and S. Zhuang, "BGP Dissemination of L2 Flow Specification Rules", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-idr-flowspec-l2vpn-22, , <>.
Filsfils, C., Ed., Camarillo, P., Ed., Leddy, J., Voyer, D., Matsushima, S., and Z. Li, "Segment Routing over IPv6 (SRv6) Network Programming", RFC 8986, DOI 10.17487/RFC8986, , <>.

Authors' Addresses

Zhenbin Li
156 Beiqing Road
Beijing, 100095
P.R. China
Lei Li
156 Beiqing Road
P.R. China
Huaimo Chen
Boston, MA,
United States of America
Christoph Loibl
Next Layer Communications
Mariahilfer Guertel 37/7
1150 Vienna
Gyan S. Mishra
Verizon Inc.
13101 Columbia Pike
Silver Spring, MD 20904
United States of America
Phone: 301 502-1347
Yanhe Fan
Casa Systems
United States of America
Yongqing Zhu
China Telecom
109, West Zhongshan Road, Tianhe District
Lei Liu
United States of America
Xufeng Liu
Volta Networks
McLean, VA
United States of America