Network Working Group B. Kantor
Request for Comments: 1226 Univ. of Calif San Diego
Internet Protocol Encapsulation of AX.25 Frames
Status of this Memo
This memo describes a method for the encapsulation of AX.25 (the
Amateur Packet-Radio Link-Layer Protocol) frames within IP packets.
This technique is an Experimental Protocol for the Internet
community. Discussion and suggestions for improvement are requested.
Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol
Standards" for the standardization state and status of this protocol.
Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
The AX.25 Amateur Packet-Radio Link-Layer Protocol
The AX.25 Amateur Packet-Radio Link-Layer Protocol is described in
the publication by that name , incorporated here by reference.
Each AX.25 packet ("frame") is encapsulated in one IP datagram.
Normally no AX.25 frame will exceed 330 octets, so fragmentation at
the IP layer should not be necessary. However, experiments with
larger AX.25 frame sizes may require the use of standard IP
fragmentation and reassembly procedures.
When an AX.25 frame is encapsulated within an IP packet, HDLC framing
elements (flags and zero-stuffing) are omitted, as the IP datagram
adequately delimits the beginning and end of each AX.25 frame. The
16-bit CRC-CCITT frame check sequence (normally generated by the HDLC
transmission hardware) is included. In all other respects, AX.25
frames are encapsulated unaltered.
Each such IP datagram shall have a protocol number of 93.
 AX.25 Amateur Packet-Radio Link-Layer Protocol Version 2.0
October 1984. Available from the American Radio Relay League,
Newington CT USA 06111, and other sources.
Security issues are not discussed in this memo.
Kantor [Page 1]
RFC 1226 IP Encapsulation of AX.25 Frames May 1991
University of California at San Diego
Network Operations C-024
La Jolla, CA 92093-0214
Phone: (619) 534-6865
Kantor [Page 2]