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The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP)
RFC 1332

Document type: RFC - Proposed Standard (May 1992; No errata)
Updated by RFC 3241
Obsoletes RFC 1172
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-03-02
Other versions: plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: (None)
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: RFC 1332 (Proposed Standard)
Responsible AD: (None)
Send notices to: No addresses provided

Network Working Group                                        G. McGregor
Request for Comments: 1332                                         Merit
Obsoletes: RFC 1172                                             May 1992

           The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP)

Status of this Memo

   This RFC specifies an IAB standards track protocol for the Internet
   community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.
   Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol
   Standards" for the standardization state and status of this protocol.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) [1] provides a standard method of
   encapsulating Network Layer protocol information over point-to-point
   links.  PPP also defines an extensible Link Control Protocol, and
   proposes a family of Network Control Protocols (NCPs) for
   establishing and configuring different network-layer protocols.

   This document defines the NCP for establishing and configuring the
   Internet Protocol [2] over PPP, and a method to negotiate and use Van
   Jacobson TCP/IP header compression [3] with PPP.

   This RFC is a product of the Point-to-Point Protocol Working Group of
   the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

McGregor                                                        [Page i]


RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992

Table of Contents

     1.     Introduction ..........................................    1

     2.     A PPP Network Control Protocol (NCP) for IP ...........    2
        2.1       Sending IP Datagrams ............................    2

     3.     IPCP Configuration Options ............................    4
        3.1       IP-Addresses ....................................    5
        3.2       IP-Compression-Protocol .........................    6
        3.3       IP-Address ......................................    8

     4.     Van Jacobson TCP/IP header compression ................    9
        4.1       Configuration Option Format .....................    9

     APPENDICES ...................................................   11

     A.     IPCP Recommended Options ..............................   11

     SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS ......................................   11

     REFERENCES ...................................................   11

     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .............................................   11

     CHAIR'S ADDRESS ..............................................   12

     AUTHOR'S ADDRESS .............................................   12

McGregor                                                       [Page ii]


RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992

1.  Introduction

   PPP has three main components:

      1. A method for encapsulating datagrams over serial links.

      2. A Link Control Protocol (LCP) for establishing, configuring,
         and testing the data-link connection.

      3. A family of Network Control Protocols (NCPs) for establishing
         and configuring different network-layer protocols.

   In order to establish communications over a point-to-point link, each
   end of the PPP link must first send LCP packets to configure and test
   the data link.  After the link has been established and optional
   facilities have been negotiated as needed by the LCP, PPP must send
   NCP packets to choose and configure one or more network-layer
   protocols.  Once each of the chosen network-layer protocols has been
   configured, datagrams from each network-layer protocol can be sent
   over the link.

   The link will remain configured for communications until explicit LCP
   or NCP packets close the link down, or until some external event
   occurs (an inactivity timer expires or network administrator
   intervention).

McGregor                                                        [Page 1]
RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992

2.  A PPP Network Control Protocol (NCP) for IP

   The IP Control Protocol (IPCP) is responsible for configuring,
   enabling, and disabling the IP protocol modules on both ends of the
   point-to-point link.  IPCP uses the same packet exchange machanism as
   the Link Control Protocol (LCP).  IPCP packets may not be exchanged
   until PPP has reached the Network-Layer Protocol phase.  IPCP packets
   received before this phase is reached should be silently discarded.

   The IP Control Protocol is exactly the same as the Link Control
   Protocol [1] with the following exceptions:

   Data Link Layer Protocol Field

      Exactly one IPCP packet is encapsulated in the Information field
      of PPP Data Link Layer frames where the Protocol field indicates

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