Network Working Group R. Droms
Request for Comments: 1534 Bucknell University
Category: Standards Track October 1993
Interoperation Between DHCP and BOOTP
Status of this Memo
This RFC specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
Official Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status
of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
DHCP provides a superset of the functions provided by BOOTP. This
document describes the interactions between DHCP and BOOTP network
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides a mechanism
for transmitting configuration parameters to hosts using the TCP/IP
protocol suite. The format of DHCP messages is based on the format
of BOOTP messages, so that, in certain circumstances, DHCP and BOOTP
participants may exchange messages. This document specifies the ways
in which DHCP and BOOTP participants may interoperate.
DHCP introduces a small change in terminology intended to clarify the
meaning of one of the fields. What was the "vendor extensions" field
in BOOTP has been re-named the "options" field in DHCP. Similarly,
the tagged data items that were used inside the BOOTP "vendor
extensions" field, which were formerly referred to as "vendor
extensions", are now termed simply "options". This document will
refer to BOOTP vendor extensions and DHCP options uniformly as
Throughout this document, DHCP messages that include a 'DHCP message
type' option will be referred to by the type of the message; e.g., a
DHCP message with 'DHCP message type' option type 1 will be referred
to as a "DHCPDISCOVER" message.
Droms [Page 1]RFC 1534 Interoperation Between DHCP and BOOTP October 19932. BOOTP clients and DHCP servers
The format of DHCP messages is defined to be compatible with the
format of BOOTP messages, so that existing BOOTP clients can
interoperate with DHCP servers. Any message received by a DHCP
server that includes a 'DHCP message type' (51) option is assumed to
have been sent by a DHCP client. Messages without the DHCP Message
Type option are assumed to have been sent by a BOOTP client. Support
of BOOTP clients by a DHCP server is optional at the discretion of
the local system administrator. If a DHCP server that is not
configured to support BOOTP clients receives a BOOTREQUEST message
from a BOOTP client, that server silently discards the BOOTREQUEST
If a DHCP server is configured to support BOOTP clients, it may be
configured to supply static addresses, automatic addresses or both.
Static addresses are those that have been previously assigned by a
system administrator and are stored in a database available to the
DHCP server. Automatic addresses are those selected by the DHCP
server from its pool of unassigned addresses.
Since BOOTP clients may not be prepared to receive automatic
addresses, the decision to allow a DHCP server to return automatic
addresses must be under the control of the system administrator. If
a DHCP server supports supplying automatic addresses to BOOTP
clients, this feature must be configurable, and the feature must
default off. Enabling of the feature must be the result of an active
decision by the system administrator.
If a DHCP server returns a automatic address, the BOOTP client will
not be aware of the DHCP lease mechanism for network address
assignment. Thus the DHCP server must assign an infinite lease
duration to for automatic addresses assigned to BOOTP clients. Such
network addresses cannot be automatically reassigned by the server.
The local system administrator may choose to manually release network
addresses assigned to BOOTP clients.
A DHCP server that supports BOOTP clients MUST interact with BOOTP
clients according to the BOOTP protocol. The server MUST formulate a
BOOTP BOOTREPLY message rather than a DHCP DHCPOFFER message (i.e.,
the server MUST NOT include the 'DHCP message type' option and MUST
NOT exceed the size limit for BOOTREPLY messages). The server marks
a binding for a BOOTP client as BOUND after sending the BOOTP
BOOTREPLY, as a non-DHCP client will not send a DHCPREQUEST message
nor will that client expect a DHCPACK message.
DHCP servers MAY send any DHCP Options to a BOOTP client as allowed