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DNS Security Introduction and Requirements
RFC 4033

Network Working Group                                          R. Arends
Request for Comments: 4033                          Telematica Instituut
Obsoletes: 2535, 3008, 3090, 3445, 3655, 3658,                R. Austein
           3755, 3757, 3845                                          ISC
Updates: 1034, 1035, 2136, 2181, 2308, 3225,                   M. Larson
         3007, 3597, 3226                                       VeriSign
Category: Standards Track                                      D. Massey
                                               Colorado State University
                                                                 S. Rose
                                                                    NIST
                                                              March 2005

               DNS Security Introduction and Requirements

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).

Abstract

   The Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) add data origin
   authentication and data integrity to the Domain Name System.  This
   document introduces these extensions and describes their capabilities
   and limitations.  This document also discusses the services that the
   DNS security extensions do and do not provide.  Last, this document
   describes the interrelationships between the documents that
   collectively describe DNSSEC.

Arends, et al.              Standards Track                     [Page 1]
RFC 4033       DNS Security Introduction and Requirements     March 2005

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Definitions of Important DNSSEC Terms  . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Services Provided by DNS Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       3.1.  Data Origin Authentication and Data Integrity  . . . .   7
       3.2.  Authenticating Name and Type Non-Existence . . . . . .   9
   4.  Services Not Provided by DNS Security  . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   5.  Scope of the DNSSEC Document Set and Last Hop Issues . . . .   9
   6.  Resolver Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   7.  Stub Resolver Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   8.  Zone Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       8.1.  TTL Values vs. RRSIG Validity Period . . . . . . . . .  13
       8.2.  New Temporal Dependency Issues for Zones . . . . . . .  13
   9.  Name Server Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   10. DNS Security Document Family . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   11. IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   12. Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   13. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   14. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       14.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       14.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21

1.  Introduction

   This document introduces the Domain Name System Security Extensions
   (DNSSEC).  This document and its two companion documents ([RFC4034]
   and [RFC4035]) update, clarify, and refine the security extensions
   defined in [RFC2535] and its predecessors.  These security extensions
   consist of a set of new resource record types and modifications to
   the existing DNS protocol ([RFC1035]).  The new records and protocol
   modifications are not fully described in this document, but are
   described in a family of documents outlined in Section 10.  Sections
   3 and 4 describe the capabilities and limitations of the security
   extensions in greater detail.  Section 5 discusses the scope of the
   document set.  Sections 6, 7, 8, and 9 discuss the effect that these
   security extensions will have on resolvers, stub resolvers, zones,
   and name servers.

   This document and its two companions obsolete [RFC2535], [RFC3008],
   [RFC3090], [RFC3445], [RFC3655], [RFC3658], [RFC3755], [RFC3757], and
   [RFC3845].  This document set also updates but does not obsolete
   [RFC1034], [RFC1035], [RFC2136], [RFC2181], [RFC2308], [RFC3225],
   [RFC3007], [RFC3597], and the portions of [RFC3226] that deal with
   DNSSEC.

Arends, et al.              Standards Track                     [Page 2]

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