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Subcodes for BGP Finite State Machine Error
RFC 6608

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                           J. Dong
Request for Comments: 6608                                       M. Chen
Updates: 4271                                        Huawei Technologies
Category: Standards Track                               A. Suryanarayana
ISSN: 2070-1721                                            Cisco Systems
                                                                May 2012

              Subcodes for BGP Finite State Machine Error

Abstract

   This document defines several subcodes for the BGP Finite State
   Machine (FSM) Error that could provide more information to help
   network operators in diagnosing BGP FSM issues and correlating
   network events.  This document updates RFC 4271.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by
   the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further
   information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of
   RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any
   errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6608.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Dong, et al.                 Standards Track                    [Page 1]
RFC 6608                  BGP FSM Error Subcode                 May 2012

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Requirements Language ...........................................2
   3. Definition of Finite State Machine Error Subcodes ...............2
   4. Usage of FSM Error Subcodes .....................................2
   5. Security Considerations .........................................3
   6. IANA Considerations .............................................3
   7. Contributors ....................................................4
   8. Acknowledgements ................................................4
   9. References ......................................................4
      9.1. Normative References .......................................4
      9.2. Informative References .....................................4

1.  Introduction

   This document defines several subcodes for the BGP [RFC4271] Finite
   State Machine (FSM) Error that could provide more information to help
   network operators in diagnosing BGP FSM issues and correlating
   network events.  This information is also helpful to developers in
   lab situations.  This document updates [RFC4271] by requiring that
   BGP implementations insert appropriate FSM Error subcodes in
   NOTIFICATION messages for BGP FSM errors.

2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

3.  Definition of Finite State Machine Error Subcodes

   This document defines the following subcodes for the BGP Finite State
   Machine Error:

   0 - Unspecified Error

   1 - Receive Unexpected Message in OpenSent State

   2 - Receive Unexpected Message in OpenConfirm State

   3 - Receive Unexpected Message in Established State

4.  Usage of FSM Error Subcodes

   If a BGP speaker receives an unexpected message (e.g., KEEPALIVE/
   UPDATE/ROUTE-REFRESH message) on a session in OpenSent state, it MUST
   send to the neighbor a NOTIFICATION message with the Error Code

Dong, et al.                 Standards Track                    [Page 2]
RFC 6608                  BGP FSM Error Subcode                 May 2012

   Finite State Machine Error and the Error Subcode "Receive Unexpected
   Message in OpenSent State".  The Data field is a 1-octet, unsigned

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