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Versions: 00                                                            
INTERNET-DRAFT                                              S. Coffey
Category: Best Current Practice                             S. Strain
Expires: November 2000              Theale Volunteer Networking Group
                                                            May 2000


Filename: draft-coffeystrain-privatednstld-00.txt


            DNS Top Level Domain For Private Networks



   This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
   all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
   other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-
   Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
   months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents
   at any time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as
   reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt
   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.



Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet Best Current Practices for the
   Internet Community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.


Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) Theale Volunteer Networking Group (2000).
   All Rights Reserved.


Abstract

   The document outlines the use of a top level DNS domain ".pri", for
   use within private networks.

   A reserved top level domain would allow private domain names to be
   chosen that would not conflict with current or future registered
   public domain names.

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1. Introduction

   Increasingly, private networks require a domain name service for
   both private and public (internet) domain names. However, it is not
   required or desirable for the private namespace to be accessible
   from outside the private network.   A reserved top level domain
   would allow a private namespace to be defined that would not
   conflict with current or future registered public domain names.


2. Current Common Practice in private network domain names selection

   Currently, common practice when selecting a private network domain
   name follows one of two unsatisfactory paths:

   (i) Use of registered public domain name

   A private DNS server is configured as authoritative for the
   registered domain name, in addition to the existing public facing
   authoritative name server(s).

   The private server holds the "private version" of the registered
   domain, and delegates to subdomains as necessary.

   This requires two different versions of a single zone, in
   contravention of RFC1034. This can also lead to practical problems
   if a DNS query from a server on the private network to a public name
   server returns additional information regarding names in the "public
   version" of the registered zone.

   (ii) Use of an unregistered domain name

   An unregistered domain name is chosen for the private network, for
   example a company with a registered domain "acme.com" might choose
   "acme.net" for the private network.

   This avoids the problems of using a registered domain name, yet may
   conflict with a future reservation of the domain chosen.



3. Using a Reserved Top Level Domain for private network domain names


   A reserved top level domain name, ".pri", would allow a private
   domain name to be chosen safely with no risk of conflict with
   current or future registered domain names.

   A private DNS server is configured as authoritative for the ".pri"
   domain, and delegates the private subdomains as appropriate.


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                     DNS TLD For Private Networks             May 2000


   Use of a private domain naming scheme based on a consistent top
   level domain also allows multiple trusted private networks to
   integrate their domain naming schemes simply by merging and
   synchronising the ".pri" zone.

   Use of a clearly private domain name also can provide a clear
   distinction to users and applications between trusted private hosts
   and untrusted public hosts.


   For example,  Acme Corp may choose  "acme.pri" for their private
   domain name.   They configure their DNS server to be authority for
   ".pri" and "acme.pri", whilst all domains outside of the ".pri"
   domain will be resolved via public DNS servers.  Should Acme Corp
   wish to make its private domain names accessible to Cowboy Corp, who
   use the private domain "cowboy.pri", then the two organisations
   simply merge and synchronize their ".pri" zones.



4. Existing Reserved Top Level Domains

   Existing reserved top level domains are described in RFC2606.


5. IANA Considerations

   To enable the use of the domain ".pri" as described, IANA would need
   to reserve the domain for this purpose.


6. Request for Comments

   Please send comments by e-mail to:
   sicoffey@yahoo.com,  cc: sandy.strain@integralis.com



References

   [RFC 1034] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and facilities"
              STD 13, RFC 1034, November 1987.

   [RFC 1035] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
              specification"
              STD 13, RFC 1035, November 1987.

   [RFC 1591] Postel, J., "Domain Name System Structure and Delegation"
              RFC 1591, March 1994.

   [RFC 2606] Eastlake & Panitz, "Reserved Top Level DNS Names"
              BCP32, RFC 2606, June 1999.


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Authors' Addresses

   Please note that Simon Coffey will not be contactable from
   24-Jun-200 to 26-Jul-2001 but will be reading e-mail at
   approximately monthly intervals.  Please contact Sandy Strain with
   any urgent queries during this period.

      Simon Coffey
      c/o Integralis Ltd
      Brunel Rd
      Theale
      READING
      UK
      EMail: sicoffey@yahoo.com


      Sandy Strain
      c/o Integralis Ltd
      Brunel Rd
      Theale
      READING
      UK
      EMail: sandy.strain@integralis.com
      Phone: +44 118 930 6060



























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