[Search] [pdf|bibtex] [Tracker] [WG] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 rfc2925             Standards Track
DISMAN Working Group                                       Kenneth White
INTERNET DRAFT: <draft-ietf-disman-remops-mib-08.txt>          IBM Corp.
Expiration Date: September 2000

March 2000



                    Definitions of Managed Objects for
                      Remote Ping, Traceroute, and
                           Lookup Operations
                  <draft-ietf-disman-remops-mib-08.txt>




Status of this Memo

This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all
provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.  Internet Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its Areas, and
its Working Groups.  Note that other groups may also distribute working
documents as Internet Drafts.

Internet Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months.
Internet Drafts may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other
documents at any time.  It is not appropriate to use Internet Drafts as
reference material or to cite them other than as a "working draft" or
"work in progress."


     The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
     http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt

     The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
     http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

Please check the I-D abstract listing contained in each Internet Draft
directory to learn the current status of this or any Internet Draft.
Distribution of this document is unlimited.


Copyright Notice

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.


Abstract

This memo defines Management Information Bases (MIBs) for performing
remote ping, traceroute and lookup operations at a remote host.  When
managing a network it is useful to be able to initiate and retrieve the
results of ping or traceroute operations when performed at a remote
host.  A Lookup capability is defined in order to enable resolving of
either an IP address to an DNS name or an DNS name to an IP address at a
remote host.



DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 1]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

Currently, there are several enterprise-specific MIBs for performing
remote ping or traceroute operations.  The purpose of this memo is to
define a standards-based solution to enable interoperibility.


Table of Contents

1.0  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2

2.0  The SNMP Network Management Framework   . . . . . . . . . . . .   4

3.0  Structure of the MIBs   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
3.1  Ping MIB  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
  3.1.1  pingMaxConcurrentRequests   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
  3.1.2  pingCtlTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
  3.1.3  pingResultsTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
  3.1.4  pingProbeHistoryTable   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
3.2  Traceroute MIB  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
  3.2.1  traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests   . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
  3.2.2  traceRouteCtlTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
  3.2.3  traceRouteResultsTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
  3.2.4  traceRouteProbeHistoryTable   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
  3.2.5  traceRouteHopsTable   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
3.3  Lookup MIB  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
  3.3.1  lookupMaxConcurrentRequests and lookupPurgeTime   . . . . .   9
  3.3.2  lookupCtlTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
  3.3.3  lookupResultsTable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10

4.0  Definitions   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
4.1  DISMAN-PING-MIB   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
4.2  DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
4.3  DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  60

5.0  Security Considerations   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69

6.0  Intellectual Property   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69

7.0  Acknowledgments   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  70

8.0  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  70

9.0  Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  71

10.0  Full Copyright Statement   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  72



1.0  Introduction

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED",  "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119, reference [13].


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 2]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

This document is a product of the Distributed Management (DISMAN)
Working Group.  Its purpose is to define standards-based MIB modules for
performing specific remote operations.  The remote operations defined by
this document consist of the ping, traceroute and lookup functions.

Ping and traceroute are two very useful functions for managing networks.
Ping is typically used to determine if a path exists between two hosts
while traceroute shows an actual path.  Ping is usually implemented
using the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) "ECHO" facility.  It
is also possible to implement a ping capability using alternate methods,
some of which are:

o   Using the UDP echo port (7), if supported.

    This is defined by RFC 862 [2].

o   Timing an SNMP query.

o   Timing a TCP connect attempt.

In general, almost any request/response flow can be used to generate a
round-trip time.  Often many of the non-ICMP ECHO facility methods stand
a better chance of yielding a good response (not timing out for example)
since some routers don't honor Echo Requests (timeout situation) or they
are handled at lower priority, hence possibly giving false indications
of round trip times.

It must be noted that almost any of the various methods used for
generating a round-trip time can be considered a form of system attack
when used excessively.  Sending a system requests too often can
negatively effect its performance.  Attempting to connect to what is
supposed to be an unused port can be very unpredictable.  There are
tools that attempt to connect to a range of TCP ports to test that any
receiving server can handle erroneous connection attempts.

It also is important to the management application using a remote ping
capability to know which method is being used. Different methods will
yield different response times since the protocol and resulting
processing will be different.  It is RECOMMENDED that the ping
capability defined within this memo be implemented using the ICMP Echo
Facility.

Traceroute is usually implemented by transmitting a series of probe
packets with increasing time-to-live values.  A probe packet is a UDP
datagram encapsulated into an IP packet.  Each hop in a path to the
target (destination) host rejects the probe packet (probe's TTL too
small) until its time-to-live value becomes large enough for the probe
to be forwarded.  Each hop in a traceroute path returns an ICMP message
that is used to discover the hop and to calculate a round trip time.
Some systems use ICMP probes (ICMP Echo request packets) instead of UDP
ones to implement traceroute.  In both cases traceroute relies on the
probes being rejected via an ICMP message to discover the hops taken
along a path to the final destination.  Both probe types, UDP and ICMP,

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 3]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

are encapsulated into an IP packet and thus have a TTL field that can be
used to cause a path rejection.

Implementations of the remote traceroute capability as defined within
this memo SHOULD be done using UDP packets to a (hopefully) unused port.
ICMP probes (ICMP Echo Request packets) SHOULD NOT be used.  Many PC
implementations of traceroute use the ICMP probe method, which they
should not, since this implementation method has been known to have a
high probability of failure.  Intermediate hops become invisible when a
router either refuses to send an ICMP TTL expired message in response to
an incoming ICMP packet or simply tosses ICMP echo requests altogether.

The behavior of some routers not to return a TTL expired message in
response to an ICMP Echo request is due in part to the following text
extracted from RFC792 [20]:

"The ICMP messages typically report errors in the processing of
datagrams.  To avoid the infinite regress of messages about messages
etc., no ICMP messages are sent about ICMP messages."

Both ping and traceroute yield round-trip times measured in
milliseconds.  These times can be used as a rough approximation for
network transit time.

The Lookup operation enables the equivalent of either a gethostbyname()
or a gethostbyaddr() call being performed at a remote host.  The Lookup
gethostbyname() capability can be used to determine the symbolic name of
a hop in a traceroute path.

Consider the following diagram:

+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                      |
|             Remote ping, traceroute,  Actual ping, traceroute,       |
|         +-----+or Lookup op.    +------+or Lookup op.    +------+    |
|         |Local|---------------->|Remote|---------------->|Target|    |
|         | Host|                 | Host |                 | Host |    |
|         +-----+                 +------+                 +------+    |
|                                                                      |
|                                                                      |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

A local host is the host from which the remote ping, traceroute, or
Lookup operation is initiated using an SNMP request.  The remote host is
a host where the MIBs defined by this memo are implemented that receives
the remote operation via SNMP and performs the actual ping, traceroute,
or lookup function.


2.0  The SNMP Network Management Framework

The SNMP Management Framework presently consists of five major
components:

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 4]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

o   An overall architecture, described in RFC 2571 [7].

o   Mechanisms for describing and naming objects and events for the
    purpose of management.  The first version of this Structure of
    Management Information (SMI) is called SMIv1 and described in RFC
    1155 [14], RFC 1212 [15] and RFC 1215 [16].  The second version,
    called SMIv2, is described in RFC 2578 [3], RFC 2579 [4] and RFC
    2580 [5].

o   Message protocols for transferring management information.  The
    first version of the SNMP message protocol is called SNMPv1 and
    described in RFC 1157 [1].  A second version of the SNMP message
    protocol, which is not an Internet standards track protocol, is
    called SNMPv2c and described in RFC 1901 [17] and RFC 1906 [18].
    The third version of the message protocol is called SNMPv3 and
    described in RFC 1906 [18], RFC 2572 [8] and RFC 2574 [10].

o   Protocol operations for accessing management information.  The first
    set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described
    in RFC 1157 [1].  A second set of protocol operations and associated
    PDU formats is described in RFC 1905 [6].

o   A set of fundamental applications described in RFC 2573 [9] and the
    view-based access control mechanism described in RFC 2575 [11].

Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the
Management Information Base or MIB.  Objects in the MIB are defined
using the mechanisms defined in the SMI.

This memo specifies MIB modules that are compliant to the SMIv2.  A MIB
conforming to the SMIv1 can be produced through the appropriate
translations.  The resulting translated MIB must be semantically
equivalent, except where objects or events are omitted because no
translation is possible (use of Counter64).  Some machine readable
information in SMIv2 will be converted into textual descriptions in
SMIv1 during the translation process.  However, this loss of machine
readable information is not considered to change the semantics of the
MIB.


3.0  Structure of the MIBs

This document defines three MIB modules:

o   DISMAN-PING-MIB

    Defines a ping MIB.

o   DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB

    Defines a traceroute MIB.

o   DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 5]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

    Provides access to the resolver gethostbyname() and gethostbyaddr()
    functions at a remote host.

The ping and traceroute MIBs are structured to allow creation of ping or
traceroute tests that can be set up to periodically issue a series of
operations and generate NOTIFICATIONs to report on test results.  Many
network administrators have in the past written UNIX shell scripts or
command batch files to operate in fashion similar to the functionality
provided by the ping and traceroute MIBs defined within this memo.  The
intent of this document is to acknowledge the importance of these
functions and to provide a standards-based solution.

3.1  Ping MIB

The DISMAN-PING-MIB consists of the following components:

o   pingMaxConcurrentRequests

o   pingCtlTable

o   pingResultsTable

o   pingProbeHistoryTable

3.1.1  pingMaxConcurrentRequests

The object pingMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the maximum
number of concurrent active requests that an agent implementation
supports.  It is permissible for an agent either to limit the maximum
upper range allowed for this object or to implement this object as
read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value.

3.1.2  pingCtlTable

A remote ping test is started by setting pingCtlAdminStatus to
enabled(1).  The corresponding pingCtlEntry MUST have been created and
its pingCtlRowStatus set to active(1) prior to starting the test.  A
single SNMP PDU can be used to create and start a remote ping test.
Within the PDU, pingCtlTargetAddress should be set to the target host's
address (pingCtlTargetAddressType will default to ipv4(1)),
pingCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1), and pingCtlRowStatus to
createAndGo(4).

The first index element, pingCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString,
a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access
Control Model (RFC 2575 [11], VACM) and allows a management application
to identify its entries.  The send index, pingCtlTestName (also an
SnmpAdminString), enables the same management application to have
multiple requests outstanding.

Using the maximum value for the parameters defined within a pingEntry
can result in a single remote ping test taking at most 15 minutes
(pingCtlTimeOut times pingCtlProbeCount) plus whatever time it takes to

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 6]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

send the ping request and receive its response over the network from the
target host.  Use of the defaults for pingCtlTimeOut and
pingCtlProbeCount yields a maximum of 3 seconds to perform a "normal"
ping test.

A management application can delete an active remote ping request by
setting the corresponding pingCtlRowStatus object to destroy(6).

The contents of the pingCtlTable is preserved across reIPLs (Initial
Program Loads) of its agent according the values of each of the
pingCtlStorageType objects.

3.1.3  pingResultsTable

An entry in the pingResultsTable is created for a corresponding
pingCtlEntry once the test defined by this entry is started.

3.1.4  pingProbeHistoryTable

The results of past ping probes can be stored in this table on a per
pingCtlEntry basis.  This table is initially indexed by
pingCtlOwnerIndex and pingCtlTestName in order for the results of a
probe to relate to the pingCtlEntry that caused it.  The maximum number
of entries stored in this table per pingCtlEntry is determined by the
value of pingCtlMaxRows.

An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the
pingProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition of an new entry once the
number of rows in the pingProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified
by pingCtlMaxRows.  An implementation MUST start assigning
pingProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the maximum
possible value as defined by the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h).

3.2  Traceroute MIB

The DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB consists of the following components:

o   traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests

o   traceRouteCtlTable

o   traceRouteResultsTable

o   traceRouteProbeHistoryTable

o   traceRouteHopsTable

3.2.1  traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests

The object traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the
maximum number of concurrent active requests that an agent
implementation supports.  It is permissible for an agent either to limit


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 7]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

the maximum upper range allowed for this object or to implement this
object as read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value.

3.2.2  traceRouteCtlTable

A remote traceroute test is started by setting traceRouteCtlAdminStatus
to enabled(1).  The corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry MUST have been
created and its traceRouteCtlRowStatus set to active(1) prior to
starting the test.  A single SNMP PDU can be used to create and start a
remote traceroute test.  Within the PDU, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress
should be set to the target host's address
(traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType will default to ipv4(1)),
traceRouteCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1), and traceRouteCtlRowStatus to
createAndGo(4).

The first index element, traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, is of type
SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3
View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575 [11], VACM) and allows a
management application to identify its entries.  The second index,
traceRouteCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString), enables the same
management application to have multiple requests outstanding.

Traceroute has a much longer theoretical maximum time for completion
than ping. Basically 42 hours and 30 minutes (the product of
traceRouteCtlTimeOut, traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop, and
traceRouteCtlMaxTtl) plus some network transit time!  Use of the
defaults defined within an traceRouteCtlEntry yields a maximum of 4
minutes and 30 seconds for a default traceroute operation.  Clearly 42
plus hours is too long to wait for a traceroute operation to complete.

The maximum TTL value in effect for traceroute determines how long the
traceroute function will keep increasing the TTL value in the probe it
transmits hoping to reach the target host.  The function ends whenever
the maximum TTL is exceeded or the target host is reached.  The object
traceRouteCtlMaxFailures was created in order to impose a throttle for
how long traceroute continues to increase the TTL field in a probe
without receiving any kind of response (timeouts).  It is RECOMMENDED
that agent implementations impose a time limit for how long it allows a
traceroute operation to take relative to how the function is
implemented.  For example, an implementation that can't process multiple
traceroute operations at the same time SHOULD impose a shorter maximum
allowed time period.

A management application can delete an active remote traceroute request
by setting the corresponding traceRouteCtlRowStatus object to
destroy(6).

The contents of the traceRouteCtlTable is preserved across reIPLs
(Initial Program Loads) of its agent according to the values of each of
the traceRouteCtlStorageType objects.

3.2.3  traceRouteResultsTable


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 8]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

An entry in the traceRouteResultsTable is created upon determining the
results of a specific traceroute operation.  Entries in this table
relate back to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused the corresponding
traceroute operation to occur.  The objects traceRouteResultsCurHopCount
and traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount can be examined to determine how far
the current remote traceroute operation has reached.

3.2.4  traceRouteProbeHistoryTable

The results of past traceroute probes can be stored in this table on a
per traceRouteCtlEntry basis.  This table is initially indexed by
traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName in order for the
results of a probe to relate to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it.
The number of entries stored in this table per traceRouteCtlEntry is
determined by the value of traceRouteCtlMaxRows.

An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the
traceRouteProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition of an new entry once
the number of rows in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches the value
of traceRouteCtlMaxRows.  An implementation MUST start assigning
traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the
maximum possible value as defined by the limit of this object
('ffffffff'h).

3.2.5  traceRouteHopsTable

The current traceroute path can be stored in this table on a per
traceRouteCtlEntry basis.  This table is initially indexed by
traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName in order for a
traceroute path to relate to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it.  A
third index, traceRouteHopsHopIndex, enables keeping one
traceRouteHopsEntry per traceroute hop.  Creation of
traceRouteHopsTable entries is enabled by setting the corresponding
traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries object to true(1).

3.3  Lookup MIB

The DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB consists of the following components:

o   lookupMaxConcurrentRequests, and lookupPurgeTime

o   lookupCtlTable

o   lookupResultsTable

3.3.1  lookupMaxConcurrentRequests and lookupPurgeTime

The object lookupMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the maximum
number of concurrent active requests that an agent implementation is
structured to support.  It is permissible for an agent either to limit
the maximum upper range allowed for this object or to implement this
object as read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value.


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                 [Page 9]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

The object lookupPurgeTime provides a method for entries in the
lookupCtlTable and lookupResultsTable to be automatically deleted after
the corresponding operation completes.

3.3.2  lookupCtlTable

A remote lookup operation is initiated by performing an SNMP SET request
on lookupCtlRowStatus.  A single SNMP PDU can be used to create and
start a remote lookup operation.  Within the PDU, lookupCtlTargetAddress
should be set to the entity to be resolved (lookupCtlTargetAddressType
will default to ipv4(1)) and lookupCtlRowStatus to createAndGo(4).  The
object lookupCtlOperStatus can be examined to determine the state of an
lookup operation.  A management application can delete an active remote
lookup request by setting the corresponding lookupCtlRowStatus object to
destroy(6).

An lookupCtlEntry is initially indexed by lookupCtlOwnerIndex, which is
of type SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the
SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575 [11], VACM) and also
allows for a management application to identify its entries.  The
lookupCtlOwnerIndex portion of the index is then followed by
lookupCtlOperationName.  The lookupCtlOperationName index enables the
same lookupCtlOwnerIndex entity to have multiple outstanding requests.

The value of lookupCtlTargetAddressType determines which lookup function
to perform.  Specification of dns(16) as the value of this index implies
that the gethostbyname function should be performed to determine the
numeric addresses associated with a symbolic name via lookupResultsTable
entries.  Use of a value of either ipv4(1) or ipv6(2) implies that the
gethostbyaddr function should be performed to determine the symbolic
name(s) associated with a numeric address at a remote host.

3.3.3  lookupResultsTable

The lookupResultsTable is used to store the results of lookup
operations.  The lookupResultsTable is initially indexed by the same
index elements that the lookupCtlTable contains (lookupCtlOwnerIndex and
lookupCtlOperationName) but has a third index element,
lookupResultsIndex (Unsigned32 textual convention), in order to
associate multiple results with the same lookupCtlEntry.

Both the gethostbyname and gethostbyaddr functions typically return a
pointer to a hostent structure after being called.  The hostent
structure is defined as:










DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 10]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   struct hostent {
      char  *h_name;      /* official host name       */
      char  *h_aliases[]; /* list of other aliases    */
      int    h_addrtype;  /* host address type        */
      int    h_length;    /* length of host address   */
      char **h_addr_list; /* list of address for host */
   };


The hostent structure is listed here in order to address the fact that a
remote host can be multi-homed and can have multiple symbolic (DNS)
names.  It is not intended to imply that implementations of the
DISMAN-LOOKUP-MIB are limited to systems where the hostent structure is
supported.

The gethostbyaddr function is called with a host address as its
parameter and is used primarily to determine a symbolic name to
associate with the host address.  Entries in the lookupResultsTable MUST
be made for each host name returned.  The official host name MUST be
assigned a lookupResultsIndex of 1.

The gethostbyname function is called with a symbolic host name and is
used primarily to retrieve a host address.  Normally, the first
h_addr_list host address is considered to be the primary address and as
such is associated with the symbolic name passed on the call.

Entries MUST be stored in the lookupResultsTable in the order that they
are retrieved.  Values assigned to lookupResultsIndex MUST start at 1
and increase in order.

An implementation SHOULD NOT retain SNMP-created entries in the
lookupTable across reIPLs (Initial Program Loads) of its agent, since
management applications need to see consistent behavior with respect to
the persistence of the table entries that they create.



















DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 11]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

4.0  Definitions

4.1  DISMAN-PING-MIB

  DISMAN-PING-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

  IMPORTS
      MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, Integer32,
      Unsigned32, mib-2,
      NOTIFICATION-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY
          FROM SNMPv2-SMI                  -- RFC2578
      TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, RowStatus,
      StorageType, DateAndTime, TruthValue
          FROM SNMPv2-TC                   -- RFC2579
      MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP,
      NOTIFICATION-GROUP
          FROM SNMPv2-CONF                 -- RFC2580
      InterfaceIndexOrZero                 -- RFC2233
          FROM IF-MIB
      SnmpAdminString
          FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB          -- RFC2571
  -- NOTE: this is currently defined by draft-ops-endpoint-mib-07.txt.
  --       The real RFC number should be added by the RFC editor and
  --       this comment should be deleted when this MIB is published.
      InetAddressType, InetAddress
          FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB;           -- RFCxxxx

   pingMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
      LAST-UPDATED "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000
      ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
      CONTACT-INFO
          "Kenneth White

          International Business Machines Corporation
          Network Computing Software Division
          Research Triangle Park, NC, USA

          E-mail: wkenneth@us.ibm.com"
      DESCRIPTION
          "The Ping MIB (DISMAN-PING-MIB) provides the capability of
          controlling the use of the ping function at a remote
          host."

       --  Revision history

       REVISION     "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000
       DESCRIPTION
           "Initial version, published as RFC XXXX."

   -- Note: This OID should be assigned by IANA.
      ::= { mib-2 xx }

   -- Textual Conventions

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 12]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


    OperationResponseStatus ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Used to report the result of an operation:

           responseReceived(1) - Operation completes successfully.
           unknown(2) - Operation failed due to unknown error.
           internalError(3) - An implementation detected an error
                in its own processing that caused an operation
                to fail.
           requestTimedOut(4) - Operation failed to receive a
                valid reply within the time limit imposed on it.
           unknownDestinationAddress(5) - Invalid destination
                address.
           noRouteToTarget(6) - Could not find a route to target.
           interfaceInactiveToTarget(7) - The interface to be
                used in sending a probe is inactive without an
                alternate route existing.
           arpFailure(8) - Unable to resolve a target address to a
                media specific address.
           maxConcurrentLimitReached(9)F - The maximum number of
                concurrent active operations would have been exceeded
                if the corresponding operation was allowed.
           unableToResolveDnsName(10) - The DNS name specified was
                unable to be mapped to an IP address.
           invalidHostAddress(11) - The IP address for a host
                has been determined to be invalid.  Examples of this
                are broadcast or multicast addresses."
      SYNTAX INTEGER {
                   responseReceived(1),
                   unknown(2),
                   internalError(3),
                   requestTimedOut(4),
                   unknownDestinationAddress(5),
                   noRouteToTarget(6),
                   interfaceInactiveToTarget(7),
                   arpFailure(8),
                   maxConcurrentLimitReached(9),
                   unableToResolveDnsName(10),
                   invalidHostAddress(11)
                }


   -- Top level structure of the MIB

   pingNotifications              OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 0 }
   pingObjects                    OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 1 }
   pingConformance                OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 2 }


   -- The registration node (point) for ping implementation types


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 13]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

   pingImplementationTypeDomains  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 3 }

   pingIcmpEcho OBJECT-IDENTITY
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates that an implementation is using the Internet
          Control Message Protocol (ICMP) 'ECHO' facility."
      ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 1 }

   pingUdpEcho OBJECT-IDENTITY
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates that an implementation is using the UDP echo
          port (7)."
      REFERENCE
          "RFC 862, 'Echo Protocol'."
      ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 2 }

   pingSnmpQuery OBJECT-IDENTITY
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates that an implementation is an SNMP query to
          calculate a round trip time."
      ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 3 }

   pingTcpConnectionAttempt OBJECT-IDENTITY
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates that an implementation is attempting to
          connect to a TCP port in order to calculate a round
          trip time."
      ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 4 }


   -- Simple Object Definitions

   pingMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "requests"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-write
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The maximum number of concurrent active ping requests
         that are allowed within an agent implementation.  A value
         of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for
         the number of concurrent active requests in effect."
      DEFVAL { 10 }
      ::= { pingObjects 1 }

   -- Ping Control Table

   pingCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF PingCtlEntry

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 14]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the ping Control Table for providing, via SNMP,
          the capability of performing ping operations at
          a remote host.  The results of these operations are
          stored in the pingResultsTable and the
          pingProbeHistoryTable."
     ::= { pingObjects 2 }

   pingCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      PingCtlEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the pingCtlTable.  The first index
          element, pingCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString,
          a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3
          View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575 [11], VACM)
          and allows an management application to identify its
          entries.  The second index, pingCtlTestName (also an
          SnmpAdminString), enables the same management
          application to have multiple outstanding requests."
      INDEX {
               pingCtlOwnerIndex,
               pingCtlTestName
            }
      ::= { pingCtlTable 1 }

   PingCtlEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          pingCtlOwnerIndex             SnmpAdminString,
          pingCtlTestName               SnmpAdminString,
          pingCtlTargetAddressType      InetAddressType,
          pingCtlTargetAddress          InetAddress,
          pingCtlDataSize               Unsigned32,
          pingCtlTimeOut                Unsigned32,
          pingCtlProbeCount             Unsigned32,
          pingCtlAdminStatus            INTEGER,
          pingCtlDataFill               OCTET STRING,
          pingCtlFrequency              Unsigned32,
          pingCtlMaxRows                Unsigned32,
          pingCtlStorageType            StorageType,
          pingCtlTrapGeneration         BITS,
          pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter Unsigned32,
          pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter  Unsigned32,
          pingCtlType                   OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
          pingCtlDescr                  SnmpAdminString,
          pingCtlSourceAddressType      InetAddressType,
          pingCtlSourceAddress          InetAddress,
          pingCtlIfIndex                InterfaceIndexOrZero,
          pingCtlByPassRouteTable       TruthValue,
          pingCtlDSField                Unsigned32,

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 15]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          pingCtlRowStatus              RowStatus
      }

   pingCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a
         security administrator using the View-Based Access
         Control Model (RFC 2575, VACM) for tables in which
         multiple users may need to independently create or
         modify entries, the initial index is used as an 'owner
         index'.  Such an initial index has a syntax of
         SnmpAdminString, and can thus be trivially mapped to a
         securityName or groupName as defined in VACM, in
         accordance with a security policy.

         When used in conjunction with such a security policy all
         entries in the table belonging to a particular user (or
         group) will have the same value for this initial index.
         For a given user's entries in a particular table, the
         object identifiers for the information in these entries
         will have the same subidentifiers (except for the 'column'
         subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index.
         To configure VACM to permit access to this portion of the
         table, one would create vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries
         with the value of vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including
         the owner index portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask
         'wildcarding' the column subidentifier.  More elaborate
         configurations are possible."
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 1 }

   pingCtlTestName OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The name of the ping test.  This is locally unique, within
          the scope of an pingCtlOwnerIndex."
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 2 }

   pingCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the type of host address to be used at a remote host
          for performing a ping operation."
      DEFVAL { unknown }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 3 }

   pingCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 16]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the host address to be used at a remote host for
          performing a ping operation.  The host address type is
          determined by the object value of corresponding
          pingCtlTargetAddressType.

          A value for this object MUST be set prior to transitioning
          its corresponding pingCtlEntry to active(1) via
          pingCtlRowStatus."
      DEFVAL { ''H }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 4 }

   pingCtlDataSize OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..65507)
      UNITS       "octets"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the size of the data portion to be
          transmitted in a ping operation in octets.  A ping
          request is usually an ICMP message encoded
          into an IP packet.  An IP packet has a maximum size
          of 65535 octets.  Subtracting the size of the ICMP
          or UDP header (both 8 octets) and the size of the IP
          header (20 octets) yields a maximum size of 65507
          octets."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 5 }

   pingCtlTimeOut OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..60)
      UNITS       "seconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the time-out value, in seconds, for a
          remote ping operation."
      DEFVAL { 3 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 6 }

   pingCtlProbeCount OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..15)
      UNITS       "probes"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the number of times to perform a ping
          operation at a remote host."
      DEFVAL { 1 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 7 }

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 17]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   pingCtlAdminStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                            enabled(1), -- test should be started
                            disabled(2) -- test should be stopped
                          }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the desired state that a pingCtlEntry should be
          in:

             enabled(1)  - Attempt to activate the test as defined by
                           this pingCtlEntry.
             disabled(2) - Deactivate the test as defined by this
                           pingCtlEntry.

          Refer to the corresponding pingResultsOperStatus to
          determine the operational state of the test defined by
          this entry."
       DEFVAL { disabled }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 8 }

   pingCtlDataFill  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      OCTET STRING (SIZE(0..1024))
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The content of this object is used together with the
          corresponding pingCtlDataSize value to determine how to
          fill the data portion of a probe packet.  The option of
          selecting a data fill pattern can be useful when links
          are compressed or have data pattern sensitivities. The
          contents of pingCtlDataFill should be repeated in a ping
          packet when the size of the data portion of the ping
          packet is greater than the size of pingCtlDataFill."
      DEFVAL { '00'H }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 9 }

   pingCtlFrequency  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "seconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The number of seconds to wait before repeating a ping test
          as defined by the value of the various objects in the
          corresponding row.

          A single ping test consists of a series of ping probes.
          The number of probes is determined by the value of the
          corresponding pingCtlProbeCount object.  After a single
          test completes the number of seconds as defined by the

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 18]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          value of pingCtlFrequency MUST elapse before the
          next ping test is started.

          A value of 0 for this object implies that the test
          as defined by the corresponding entry will not be
          repeated."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 10 }

   pingCtlMaxRows OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "rows"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The maximum number of entries allowed in the
          pingProbeHistoryTable.  An implementation of this
          MIB will remove the oldest entry in the
          pingProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition of an
          new entry once the number of rows in the
          pingProbeHistoryTable reaches this value.

          Old entries are not removed when a new test is
          started.  Entries are added to the pingProbeHistoryTable
          until pingCtlMaxRows is reached before entries begin to
          be removed.

          A value of 0 for this object disables creation of
          pingProbeHistoryTable entries."
      DEFVAL      { 50 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 11 }

   pingCtlStorageType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      StorageType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The storage type for this conceptual row.
          Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not
          allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row."
      DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 12 }

   pingCtlTrapGeneration OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      BITS {
                     probeFailure(0),
                     testFailure(1),
                     testCompletion(2)
                    }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object determines when and if

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 19]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          to generate a notification for this entry:

          probeFailure(0)   - Generate a pingProbeFailed
              notification subject to the value of
              pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter.  The object
              pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter can be used
              to specify the number of successive probe failures
              that are required before a pingProbeFailed
              notification can be generated.
          testFailure(1)    - Generate a pingTestFailed
              notification. In this instance the object
              pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter can be used to
              determine the number of probe failures that
              signal when a test fails.
          testCompletion(2) - Generate a pingTestCompleted
              notification.

          The value of this object defaults to zero, indicating
          that none of the above options have been selected."
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 13 }

   pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..15)
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object is used to determine when
          to generate a pingProbeFailed NOTIFICATION.

          Setting pingCtlTrapGeneration
          to probeFailure(0) implies that a pingProbeFailed
          NOTIFICATION is generated only when the number of
          successive probe failures as indicated by the
          value of pingCtlTrapPrbefailureFilter fail within
          a given ping test."
      DEFVAL { 1 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 14 }

   pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..15)
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object is used to determine when
          to generate a pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION.

          Setting pingCtlTrapGeneration to testFailure(1)
          implies that a pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION is
          generated only when the number of ping failures
          within a test exceed the value of
          pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter."
      DEFVAL { 1 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 15 }

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 20]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   pingCtlType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object is used to either report or
          select the implementation method to be used for
          calculating a ping response time.  The value of this
          object MAY be selected from pingImplementationTypeDomains.

          Additional implementation types SHOULD be allocated as
          required by implementers of the DISMAN-PING-MIB under
          their enterprise specific registration point and not
          beneath pingImplementationTypeDomains."
      DEFVAL { pingIcmpEcho }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 16 }

   pingCtlDescr OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The purpose of this object is to provide a
          descriptive name of the remote ping test."
      DEFVAL { '00'H }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 17 }

   pingCtlSourceAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the type of the source address,
          pingCtlSourceAddress, to be used at a remote host
          when performing a ping operation."
      DEFVAL { ipv4 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 18 }

    pingCtlSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Use the specified IP address (which must be given
          in numeric form, not as a hostname) as the source
          address in outgoing probe packets.  On hosts with
          more than one IP address, this option can be used
          to force the source address to be something other
          than the primary IP address of the interface the
          probe packet is sent on.  If the IP address is not
          one of this machine's interface addresses, an error
          is returned and nothing is sent.  A zero length

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 21]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          octet string value for this object disables source
          address specification.

          The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to
          this object is specified by the corresponding value
          of pingCtlSourceAddressType."
      DEFVAL { ''H }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 19 }

   pingCtlIfIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InterfaceIndexOrZero
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Setting this object to an interface's ifIndex prior
          to starting a remote ping operation directs
          the ping probes to be transmitted over the
          specified interface.  A value of zero for this object
          means that this option is not enabled."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 20 }

   pingCtlByPassRouteTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX TruthValue
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The purpose of this object is to optionally enable
         bypassing the route table.  If enabled, the remote
         host will bypass the normal routing tables and send
         directly to a host on an attached network.  If the
         host is not on a directly-attached network, an
         error is returned.  This option can be used to perform
         the ping operation to a local host through an
         interface that has no route defined (e.g., after the
         interface was dropped by routed)."
      DEFVAL { false }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 21 }

   pingCtlDSField OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..255)
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the value to store in the Differentiated
          Services (DS) Field in the IP packet used to
          encapsulate the ping probe.  The DS Field is defined
          as the Type of Service (TOS) octet in a IPv4 header
          or as the Traffic Class octet in a IPv6 header.

          The value of this object must be a decimal integer
          in the range from 0 to 255.  This option can be used
          to determine what effect an explicit DS Field setting

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 22]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          has on a ping response.  Not all values are legal or
          meaningful.  A value of 0 means that the function
       represented by this option is not supported.  DS Field
       usage is often not supported by IP implementations and
       not all values are supported.  Refer to RFC 2474 for
       guidance on usage of this field."
      REFERENCE
          "Refer to RFC 2474 for the definition of the
          Differentiated Services Field and to RFC 1812
          Section 5.3.2 for Type of Service (TOS)."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 22 }

   pingCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      RowStatus
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object allows entries to be created and deleted
          in the pingCtlTable.  Deletion of an entry in this
          table results in all corresponding (same
          pingCtlOwnerIndex and pingCtlTestName index values)
          pingResultsTable and pingProbeHistoryTable entries
          being deleted.

          A value MUST be specified for pingCtlTargetAddress
          prior to a transition to active(1) state being
          accepted.

          Activation of a remote ping operation is controlled
          via pingCtlAdminStatus and not by changing
          this object's value to active(1).

          Transitions in and out of active(1) state are not
          allowed while an entry's pingResultsOperStatus is
          active(1) with the exception that deletion of
          an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus
          object to destroy(6) will stop an active
          ping operation.

          The operational state of a ping operation
          can be determined by examination of its
          pingResultsOperStatus object."
      REFERENCE
          "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579, 'Textual
          Conventions for SMIv2.'"
      ::= { pingCtlEntry 23 }

  -- Ping Results Table

   pingResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF PingResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 23]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Ping Results Table for providing
          the capability of performing ping operations at
          a remote host.  The results of these operations are
          stored in the pingResultsTable and the pingPastProbeTable.

          An entry is added to the pingResultsTable when an
          pingCtlEntry is started by successful transition
          of its pingCtlAdminStatus object to enabled(1).
          An entry is removed from the pingResultsTable when
          its corresponding pingCtlEntry is deleted."
     ::= { pingObjects 3 }

   pingResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      PingResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the pingResultsTable.  The
          pingResultsTable has the same indexing as the
          pingCtlTable in order for a pingResultsEntry to
          correspond to the pingCtlEntry that caused it to
          be created."
      INDEX {
               pingCtlOwnerIndex,
               pingCtlTestName
            }
      ::= { pingResultsTable 1 }

   PingResultsEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          pingResultsOperStatus          INTEGER,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddressType InetAddressType,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddress     InetAddress,
          pingResultsMinRtt              Unsigned32,
          pingResultsMaxRtt              Unsigned32,
          pingResultsAverageRtt          Unsigned32,
          pingResultsProbeResponses      Unsigned32,
          pingResultsSentProbes          Unsigned32,
          pingResultsRttSumOfSquares     Unsigned32,
          pingResultsLastGoodProbe       DateAndTime
       }

   pingResultsOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                            enabled(1),  -- test is in progress
                            disabled(2)  -- test has stopped
                          }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the operational state of a pingCtlEntry:

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 24]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


             enabled(1)   - Test is active.
             disabled(2)  - Test has stopped."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 1 }

   pingResultsIpTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects indicates the type of address stored
          in the corresponding pingResultsIpTargetAddress
          object."
      DEFVAL { unknown }
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 2 }

   pingResultsIpTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects reports the IP address associated
          with a pingCtlTargetAddress value when the destination
          address is specified as a DNS name.  The value of
          this object should be a zero length octet string
          when a DNS name is not specified or when a
          specified DNS name fails to resolve."
      DEFVAL { ''H }
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 3 }

   pingResultsMinRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The minimum ping round-trip-time (RTT) received.  A value
          of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 4 }

   pingResultsMaxRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The maximum ping round-trip-time (RTT) received.  A value
          of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 5 }

    pingResultsAverageRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 25]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The current average ping round-trip-time (RTT)."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 6 }

    pingResultsProbeResponses OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "responses"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Number of responses received for the corresponding
          pingCtlEntry and pingResultsEntry.  The value of this object
          MUST be reported as 0 when no probe responses have been
          received."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 7 }

    pingResultsSentProbes OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "probes"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object reflects the number of probes sent
          for the corresponding pingCtlEntry and pingResultsEntry.
          The value of this object MUST be reported as 0 when no probes
          have been sent."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 8 }

    pingResultsRttSumOfSquares OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object contains the sum of the squares for all ping
          responses received.  Its purpose is to enable standard
          deviation calculation.  The value of this object MUST
          be reported as 0 when no ping responses have been
          received."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 9 }

   pingResultsLastGoodProbe OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      DateAndTime
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Date and time when the last response was received for
          a probe."
      ::= { pingResultsEntry 10 }



DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 26]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

   -- Ping Probe History Table

   pingProbeHistoryTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF PingProbeHistoryEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines a table for storing the results of a ping
          operation.  Entries in this table are limited by
          the value of the corresponding pingCtlMaxRows
          object.

          An entry in this table is created when the result of
          a ping probe is determined.  The initial 2 instance
          identifier index values identify the pingCtlEntry
          that a probe result (pingProbeHistoryEntry) belongs
          to.  An entry is removed from this table when
          its correspoding pingCtlEntry is deleted.

          An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest
          entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable to allow the
          addition of an new entry once the number of rows in
          the pingProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified
          by pingCtlMaxRows."
     ::= { pingObjects 4 }

   pingProbeHistoryEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      PingProbeHistoryEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable.
          The first two index elements identify the
          pingCtlEntry that a pingProbeHistoryEntry belongs
          to.  The third index element selects a single
          probe result."
      INDEX {
               pingCtlOwnerIndex,
               pingCtlTestName,
               pingProbeHistoryIndex
             }
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryTable 1 }

   PingProbeHistoryEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          pingProbeHistoryIndex         Unsigned32,
          pingProbeHistoryResponse      Unsigned32,
          pingProbeHistoryStatus        OperationResponseStatus,
          pingProbeHistoryLastRC        Integer32,
          pingProbeHistoryTime          DateAndTime
      }

   pingProbeHistoryIndex OBJECT-TYPE

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 27]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h)
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "An entry in this table is created when the result of
          a ping probe is determined.  The initial 2 instance
          identifier index values identify the pingCtlEntry
          that a probe result (pingProbeHistoryEntry) belongs
          to.

          An implementation MUST start assigning
          pingProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after
          exceeding the maximum possible value as defined by
          the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h)."
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 1 }

   pingProbeHistoryResponse OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The amount of time measured in milliseconds from when
          a probe was sent to when its response was received or
          when it timed out.  The value of this object is reported
          as 0 when it is not possible to transmit a probe."
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 2 }

   pingProbeHistoryStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      OperationResponseStatus
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The result of a particular probe done by a remote host."
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 3 }

   pingProbeHistoryLastRC        OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Integer32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The last implementation method specific reply code received.
          If the ICMP Echo capability is being used then a successful
          probe ends when an ICMP response is received that contains
          the code ICMP_ECHOREPLY(0).  The ICMP responses are defined
          normally in the ip_icmp include file."
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 4 }

   pingProbeHistoryTime OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      DateAndTime
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 28]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          "Timestamp for when this probe result was determined."
      ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 5 }


   -- Notification Definition section

   pingProbeFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          pingCtlTargetAddressType,
          pingCtlTargetAddress,
          pingResultsOperStatus,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddressType,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddress,
          pingResultsMinRtt,
          pingResultsMaxRtt,
          pingResultsAverageRtt,
          pingResultsProbeResponses,
          pingResultsSentProbes,
          pingResultsRttSumOfSquares,
          pingResultsLastGoodProbe
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "Generated when a probe failure is detected when the
            corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object is set to
            probeFailure(0) subject to the value of
            pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter.  The object
            pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter can be used to specify the
            number of successive probe failures that are required
            before this notification can be generated."
        ::= { pingNotifications 1 }

   pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          pingCtlTargetAddressType,
          pingCtlTargetAddress,
          pingResultsOperStatus,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddressType,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddress,
          pingResultsMinRtt,
          pingResultsMaxRtt,
          pingResultsAverageRtt,
          pingResultsProbeResponses,
          pingResultsSentProbes,
          pingResultsRttSumOfSquares,
          pingResultsLastGoodProbe
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "Generated when a ping test is determined to have failed
            when the corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object is
            set to testFailure(1).  In this instance
            pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter should specify the number of

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 29]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

            probes in a test required to have failed in order to
            consider the test as failed."
        ::= { pingNotifications 2 }

   pingTestCompleted NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          pingCtlTargetAddressType,
          pingCtlTargetAddress,
          pingResultsOperStatus,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddressType,
          pingResultsIpTargetAddress,
          pingResultsMinRtt,
          pingResultsMaxRtt,
          pingResultsAverageRtt,
          pingResultsProbeResponses,
          pingResultsSentProbes,
          pingResultsRttSumOfSquares,
          pingResultsLastGoodProbe
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "Generated at the completion of a ping test when the
            corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object is set to
            testCompletion(4)."
        ::= { pingNotifications 3 }

   -- Conformance information
   -- Compliance statements

   pingCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingConformance 1 }
   pingGroups      OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingConformance 2 }

   -- Compliance statements

   pingCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
              "The compliance statement for the DISMAN-PING-MIB."
      MODULE  -- this module
          MANDATORY-GROUPS {
                              pingGroup,
                              pingNotificationsGroup
                            }
          GROUP pingTimeStampGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group is mandatory for implementations that have
              access to a system clock and are capable of setting
              the values for DateAndTime objects.  It is RECOMMENDED
              that when this group is not supported that the values
              for the objects in this group be reported as
              '0000000000000000'H."

          OBJECT pingMaxConcurrentRequests

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 30]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "The agent is not required to support set
              operations to this object."

          OBJECT pingCtlStorageType
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.  It is also allowed
              for implementations to support only the volatile
              StorageType enumeration."

          OBJECT pingCtlType
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.  In addition, the only
              value that MUST be supported by an implementation is
              pingIcmpEcho."

          OBJECT pingCtlByPassRouteTable
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of its implementation.  The function
              represented by this object is implementable if the
              setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is
              supported."

          OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddressType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of binding the send socket with a
              source address. An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses."

          OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddress
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of binding the send socket with a
              source address. An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses."

          OBJECT pingCtlIfIndex
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.   When write access is
              not supported return a 0 as the value of this object.
              A value of 0 means that the function represented by
              this option is not supported."

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 31]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


          OBJECT pingCtlDSField
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.   When write access is
              not supported return a 0 as the value of this object.
              A value of 0 means that the function represented by
              this option is not supported."

          OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddressType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses."

          OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddress
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses."

      ::= { pingCompliances 1 }

   -- MIB groupings

   pingGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               pingMaxConcurrentRequests,
               pingCtlTargetAddressType,
               pingCtlTargetAddress,
               pingCtlDataSize,
               pingCtlTimeOut,
               pingCtlProbeCount,
               pingCtlAdminStatus,
               pingCtlDataFill,
               pingCtlFrequency,
               pingCtlMaxRows,
               pingCtlStorageType,
               pingCtlTrapGeneration,
               pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter,
               pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter,
               pingCtlType,
               pingCtlDescr,
               pingCtlByPassRouteTable,
               pingCtlSourceAddressType,
               pingCtlSourceAddress,
               pingCtlIfIndex,
               pingCtlDSField,
               pingCtlRowStatus,
               pingResultsOperStatus,
               pingResultsIpTargetAddressType,
               pingResultsIpTargetAddress,
               pingResultsMinRtt,

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 32]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

               pingResultsMaxRtt,
               pingResultsAverageRtt,
               pingResultsProbeResponses,
               pingResultsSentProbes,
               pingResultsRttSumOfSquares,
               pingProbeHistoryResponse,
               pingProbeHistoryStatus,
               pingProbeHistoryLastRC
             }
     STATUS  current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The group of objects that comprise the remote ping
         capability."
      ::= { pingGroups 1 }

   pingTimeStampGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               pingResultsLastGoodProbe,
               pingProbeHistoryTime
             }
     STATUS  current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The group of DateAndTime objects."
      ::= { pingGroups 2 }

   pingNotificationsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP
     NOTIFICATIONS {
               pingProbeFailed,
               pingTestFailed,
               pingTestCompleted
            }
     STATUS        current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The notification which are required to be supported by
         implementations of this MIB."
     ::= { pingGroups 3 }

  END
















DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 33]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

4.2  DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB

  DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

  IMPORTS
      MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, Integer32,
      Gauge32, Unsigned32, mib-2,
      NOTIFICATION-TYPE,
      OBJECT-IDENTITY
          FROM SNMPv2-SMI                  -- RFC2578
      RowStatus, StorageType,
      TruthValue, DateAndTime
          FROM SNMPv2-TC                   -- RFC2579
      MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP,
      NOTIFICATION-GROUP
          FROM SNMPv2-CONF                 -- RFC2580
      SnmpAdminString
          FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB          -- RFC2571
      InterfaceIndexOrZero                 -- RFC2233
          FROM IF-MIB
  -- NOTE: this is currently defined by draft-ops-endpoint-mib-07.txt.
  --       The real RFC number should be added by the RFC editor and
  --       this comment should be deleted when this MIB is published.
      InetAddressType, InetAddress
          FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB            -- RFCxxxx
  -- NOTE: RFC editor should fillin the RFC number below:
      OperationResponseStatus
          FROM DISMAN-PING-MIB;            -- RFCxxxx

   traceRouteMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
      LAST-UPDATED "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000

      ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
      CONTACT-INFO
          "Kenneth White

          International Business Machines Corporation
          Network Computing Software Division
          Research Triangle Park, NC, USA

          E-mail: wkenneth@us.ibm.com"
      DESCRIPTION
          "The Traceroute MIB (DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB) provides
          access to the traceroute capability at a remote host."

       --  Revision history

       REVISION     "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000
       DESCRIPTION
           "Initial version, published as RFC XXXX."

   -- Note: This OID should be assigned by IANA.
      ::= { mib-2 xx }

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 34]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000



   -- Top level structure of the MIB

   traceRouteNotifications  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 0 }
   traceRouteObjects        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 1 }
   traceRouteConformance    OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 2 }

   -- The registration node (point) for traceroute implementation types

   traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   ::= { traceRouteMIB 3 }

   traceRouteUsingUdpProbes OBJECT-IDENTITY
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates that an implementation is using UDP probes to
          perform the traceroute operation."
      ::= { traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains 1 }


   -- Simple Object Definitions

   traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "requests"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-write
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The maximum number of concurrent active traceroute requests
         that are allowed within an agent implementation.  A value
         of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for
         the number of concurrent active requests in effect."
      DEFVAL { 10 }
      ::= { traceRouteObjects 1 }


    -- Traceroute Control Table

   traceRouteCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteCtlEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Control Table for
          providing the capability of invoking traceroute from a remote
          host.  The results of traceroute operations can be stored in
          the traceRouteResultsTable, traceRouteProbeHistoryTable, and
          the traceRouteHopsTable."
     ::= { traceRouteObjects 2 }

   traceRouteCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TraceRouteCtlEntry

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 35]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the traceRouteCtlTable.  The first
          index element, traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, is of type
          SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for
          use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model
          (RFC 2575 [11], VACM) and allows an management
          application to identify its entries.  The second index,
          traceRouteCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString),
          enables the same management application to have
          multiple requests outstanding."
      INDEX {
              traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex,
              traceRouteCtlTestName
            }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlTable 1 }

   TraceRouteCtlEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
        traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex         SnmpAdminString,
        traceRouteCtlTestName           SnmpAdminString,
        traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType  InetAddressType,
        traceRouteCtlTargetAddress      InetAddress,
        traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable   TruthValue,
        traceRouteCtlDataSize           Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlTimeOut            Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop       Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlPort               Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlMaxTtl             Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlDSField            Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType  InetAddressType,
        traceRouteCtlSourceAddress      InetAddress,
        traceRouteCtlIfIndex            InterfaceIndexOrZero,
        traceRouteCtlMiscOptions        SnmpAdminString,
        traceRouteCtlMaxFailures        Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlDontFragment       TruthValue,
        traceRouteCtlInitialTtl         Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlFrequency          Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlStorageType        StorageType,
        traceRouteCtlAdminStatus        INTEGER,
        traceRouteCtlMaxRows            Unsigned32,
        traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration     BITS,
        traceRouteCtlDescr              SnmpAdminString,
        traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries  TruthValue,
        traceRouteCtlType               OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
        traceRouteCtlRowStatus          RowStatus
      }

   traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 36]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      DESCRIPTION
         "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a
         security administrator using the View-Based Access
         Control Model (RFC 2575, VACM) for tables in which
         multiple users may need to independently create or
         modify entries, the initial index is used as an 'owner
         index'.  Such an initial index has a syntax of
         SnmpAdminString, and can thus be trivially mapped to a
         securityName or groupName as defined in VACM, in
         accordance with a security policy.

         When used in conjunction with such a security policy
         all entries in the table belonging to a particular user
         (or group) will have the same value for this initial
         index.  For a given user's entries in a particular
         table, the object identifiers for the information in
         these entries will have the same subidentifiers (except
         for the 'column' subidentifier) up to the end of the
         encoded owner index. To configure VACM to permit access
         to this portion of the table, one would create
         vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of
         vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index
         portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the
         column subidentifier.  More elaborate configurations
         are possible."
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 1 }

    traceRouteCtlTestName OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The name of a traceroute test.  This is locally unique,
          within the scope of an traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex."
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 2 }

   traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the type of host address to be used on the
          traceroute request at the remote host."
      DEFVAL { ipv4 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 3 }

   traceRouteCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the host address used on the
          traceroute request at the remote host.  The

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 37]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          host address type can be determined by the
          examining the value of the corresponding
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType index element.

          A value for this object MUST be set prior to
          transitioning its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry to
          active(1) via traceRouteCtlRowStatus."
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 4 }

   traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX TruthValue
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The purpose of this object is to optionally enable
         bypassing the route table.  If enabled, the remote
         host will bypass the normal routing tables and send
         directly to a host on an attached network.  If the
         host is not on a directly-attached network, an
         error is returned.  This option can be used to perform
         the traceroute operation to a local host through an
         interface that has no route defined (e.g., after the
         interface was dropped by routed)."
      DEFVAL { false }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 5 }

   traceRouteCtlDataSize OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..65507)
      UNITS       "octets"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the size of the data portion of a traceroute
          request in octets.  A traceroute request is essentially
          transmitted by encoding a UDP datagram into a
          IP packet. So subtracting the size of a UDP header
          (8 octets) and the size of a IP header (20 octets)
          yields a maximum of 65507 octets."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 6 }

   traceRouteCtlTimeOut OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..60)
      UNITS       "seconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the time-out value, in seconds, for
          a traceroute request."
      DEFVAL { 3 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 7 }

   traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop OBJECT-TYPE

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 38]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..10)
      UNITS       "probes"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the number of times to reissue a traceroute
          request with the same time-to-live (TTL) value."
      DEFVAL { 3 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 8 }

   traceRouteCtlPort OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..65535)
      UNITS       "UDP Port"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the UDP port to send the traceroute
          request to.  Need to specify a port that is not in
          use at the destination (target) host.  The default
          value for this object is the IANA assigned port,
          33434, for the traceroute function."
      DEFVAL { 33434 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 9 }

   traceRouteCtlMaxTtl OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..255)
      UNITS       "time-to-live value"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the maximum time-to-live value."
      DEFVAL { 30 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 10 }

   traceRouteCtlDSField OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..255)
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the value to store in the Differentiated
          Services (DS) Field in the IP packet used to
          encapsulate the traceroute probe.  The DS Field is
          defined as the Type of Service (TOS) octet in a IPv4
          header or as the Traffic Class octet in a IPv6 header.

          The value of this object must be a decimal integer
          in the range from 0 to 255.  This option can be used
          to determine what effect an explicit DS Field setting
          has on a traceroute response.  Not all values are legal
          or meaningful.  DS Field usage is often not supported
          by IP implementations.  A value of 0 means that the
       function represented by this option is not supported.
       Useful TOS octet values are probably '16' (low delay)

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 39]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

       and '8' ( high throughput)."
      REFERENCE
          "Refer to RFC 2474 for the definition of the
          Differentiated Services Field and to RFC 1812
          Section 5.3.2 for Type of Service (TOS)."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 11 }

   traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the type of the source address,
          traceRouteCtlSourceAddress, to be used at a remote host
          when performing a traceroute operation."
      DEFVAL { unknown }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 12 }

   traceRouteCtlSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Use the specified IP address (which must be given
          as an IP number, not a hostname) as the source
          address in outgoing probe packets. On hosts with
          more than one IP address, this option can be used
          to force the source address to be something other
          than the primary IP address of the interface the
          probe packet is sent on.  If the IP address is not
          one of this machine's interface addresses, an error
          is returned and nothing is sent.  A zero length
          octet string value for this object disables source
          address specification.

          The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to
          this object is specified by the corresponding value
          of traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType."
      DEFVAL { ''H }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 13 }

   traceRouteCtlIfIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InterfaceIndexOrZero
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Setting this object to an interface's ifIndex prior
          to starting a remote traceroute operation directs
          the traceroute probes to be transmitted over the
          specified interface.  A value of zero for this object
          implies that this option is not enabled."
      DEFVAL { 0 }

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 40]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 14 }

   traceRouteCtlMiscOptions OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Enables an application to specify implementation
          dependent options."
      DEFVAL { ''H }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 15 }

   traceRouteCtlMaxFailures OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..255)
      UNITS       "timeouts"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object indicates the maximum number
          of consecutive timeouts allowed before terminating
          a remote traceroute request.  A value of either 255 (maximum
          hop count/possible TTL value) or a 0 indicates that the
          function of terminating a remote traceroute request when a
          specific number of successive timeouts are detected is
          disabled."
      DEFVAL { 5 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 16 }

   traceRouteCtlDontFragment OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX         TruthValue
      MAX-ACCESS     read-create
      STATUS         current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object enables setting of the don't fragment flag (DF)
          in the IP header for a probe.  Use of this object enables
          performing a manual PATH MTU test."
      DEFVAL  { false }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 17 }

   traceRouteCtlInitialTtl OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX         Unsigned32 (0..255)
      MAX-ACCESS     read-create
      STATUS         current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object specifies the initial TTL value to
          use.  This enables bypassing the initial (often well known)
          portion of a path."
      DEFVAL { 1 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 18 }

   traceRouteCtlFrequency  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "seconds"

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 41]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The number of seconds to wait before repeating a
          traceroute test as defined by the value of the
          various objects in the corresponding row.

          The number of hops in a single traceroute test
          is determined by the value of the corresponding
          traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop object.  After a
          single test completes the number of seconds as defined
          by the value of traceRouteCtlFrequency MUST elapse
          before the next traceroute test is started.

          A value of 0 for this object implies that the test
          as defined by the corresponding entry will not be
          repeated."
      DEFVAL { 0 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 19 }

   traceRouteCtlStorageType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      StorageType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The storage type for this conceptual row.
          Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not
          allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row."
      DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 20 }

   traceRouteCtlAdminStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                            enabled(1), -- operation should be started
                            disabled(2) -- operation should be stopped
                          }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the desired state that an traceRouteCtlEntry
          should be in:

             enabled(1)  - Attempt to activate the test as defined by
                           this traceRouteCtlEntry.
             disabled(2) - Deactivate the test as defined by this
                           traceRouteCtlEntry.

          Refer to the corresponding traceRouteResultsOperStatus to
          determine the operational state of the test defined by
          this entry."
       DEFVAL { disabled }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 21 }


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 42]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

   traceRouteCtlDescr OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The purpose of this object is to provide a
          descriptive name of the remote traceroute
          test."
      DEFVAL { '00'H }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 22 }

   traceRouteCtlMaxRows OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "rows"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The maximum number of entries allowed in the
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable.  An implementation of
          this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition
          of an new entry once the number of rows in the
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches this value.

          Old entries are not removed when a new test is
          started.  Entries are added to the
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable until traceRouteCtlMaxRows
          is reached before entries begin to be removed.

          A value of 0 for this object disables creation of
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable entries."
      DEFVAL      { 50 }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 23 }

   traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      BITS {
                    pathChange(0),
                    testFailure(1),
                    testCompletion(2)
                  }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object determines when and if to
          to generate a notification for this entry:

          pathChange(0)     - Generate a traceRoutePathChange
              notification when the current path varies from a
              previously determined path.
          testFailure(1)    - Generate a traceRouteTestFailed
              notification when the full path to a target
              can't be determined.
          testCompletion(2) - Generate a traceRouteTestCompleted

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 43]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

              notification when the path to a target has been
              determined.

          The value of this object defaults to zero, indicating
          that none of the above options have been selected."
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 24 }

   traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TruthValue
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The current path for a traceroute test is kept in the
          traceRouteHopsTable on a per hop basis when the value of
          this object is true(1)."
      DEFVAL { false }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 25 }

   traceRouteCtlType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object is used either to report or
          select the implementation method to be used for
          performing a traceroute operation. The value of this
          object may be selected from
          traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains.

          Additional implementation types should be allocated as
          required by implementers of the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB
          under their enterprise specific registration point and
          not beneath traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains."
      DEFVAL { traceRouteUsingUdpProbes }
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 26 }

   traceRouteCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      RowStatus
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object allows entries to be created and deleted
          in the traceRouteCtlTable.  Deletion of an entry in
          this table results in all corresponding (same
          traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName
          index values) traceRouteResultsTable,
          traceRouteProbeHistoryTable, and traceRouteHopsTable
          entries being deleted.

          A value MUST be specified for traceRouteCtlTargetAddress
          prior to a transition to active(1) state being
          accepted.


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 44]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          Activation of a remote traceroute operation is
          controlled via traceRouteCtlAdminStatus and not
          by transitioning of this object's value to active(1).

          Transitions in and out of active(1) state are not
          allowed while an entry's traceRouteResultsOperStatus
          is active(1) with the exception that deletion of
          an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus
          object to destroy(6) will stop an active
          traceroute operation.

          The operational state of an traceroute operation
          can be determined by examination of the corresponding
          traceRouteResultsOperStatus object."
      REFERENCE
          "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579, 'Textual
          Conventions for SMIv2.'"
      ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 27 }


   -- Traceroute Results Table

   traceRouteResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Results Table for
          keeping track of the status of a traceRouteCtlEntry.

          An entry is added to the traceRouteResultsTable when an
          traceRouteCtlEntry is started by successful transition
          of its traceRouteCtlAdminStatus object to enabled(1).
          An entry is removed from the traceRouteResultsTable when
          its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry is deleted."
     ::= { traceRouteObjects 3 }

   traceRouteResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TraceRouteResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the traceRouteResultsTable.  The
          traceRouteResultsTable has the same indexing as the
          traceRouteCtlTable in order for a traceRouteResultsEntry
          to correspond to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it to
          be created."
      INDEX {
              traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex,
              traceRouteCtlTestName
            }
      ::= { traceRouteResultsTable 1 }


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 45]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

   TraceRouteResultsEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
        traceRouteResultsOperStatus       INTEGER,
        traceRouteResultsCurHopCount      Gauge32,
        traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount    Gauge32,
        traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType    InetAddressType,
        traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr        InetAddress,
        traceRouteResultsTestAttempts     Unsigned32,
        traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses    Unsigned32,
        traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath     DateAndTime
      }

   traceRouteResultsOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                            enabled(1), -- test is in progress
                            disabled(2) -- test has stopped
                          }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the operational state of an traceRouteCtlEntry:

             enabled(1)  - Test is active.
             disabled(2) - Test has stopped."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 1 }

   traceRouteResultsCurHopCount OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      UNITS       "hops"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the current TTL value (range from 1 to
          255) for a remote traceroute operation.
          Maximum TTL value is determined by
          traceRouteCtlMaxTtl."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 2 }

   traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      UNITS       "probes"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the current probe count (1..10) for
          a remote traceroute operation. The maximum
          probe count is determined by
          traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 3 }

   traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 46]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects indicates the type of address stored
          in the corresponding traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr
          object."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 4 }

   traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects reports the IP address associated
          with a traceRouteCtlTargetAddress value when the
          destination address is specified as a DNS name.
          The value of this object should be a zero length
          octet string when a DNS name is not specified or
          when a specified DNS name fails to resolve."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 5 }

   traceRouteResultsTestAttempts OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "tests"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The current number of attempts to determine a path
          to a target.  The value of this object MUST be started
          at 0."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 6 }

   traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "tests"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The current number of attempts to determine a path
          to a target that have succeeded.  The value of this
          object MUST be reported as 0 when no attempts have
          succeeded."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 7 }

   traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      DateAndTime
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The date and time when the last complete path
          was determined."
      ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 8 }

   -- Trace Route Probe History Table

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 47]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   traceRouteProbeHistoryTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Results Table for
          storing the results of a traceroute operation.

          An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest
          entry in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable to allow the
          addition of an new entry once the number of rows in
          the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified
          by traceRouteCtlMaxRows."
     ::= { traceRouteObjects 4 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines a table for storing the results of a traceroute
          operation.  Entries in this table are limited by
          the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlMaxRows
          object.

          The first two index elements identify the
          traceRouteCtlEntry that a traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry
          belongs to.  The third index element selects a single
          traceroute operation result.  The fourth and fifth indexes
          select the hop and the probe for a particular
          traceroute operation."
      INDEX {
               traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex,
               traceRouteCtlTestName,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex
            }
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryTable 1 }

   TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
        traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex         Unsigned32,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex      Unsigned32,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex    Unsigned32,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType     InetAddressType,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr         InetAddress,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse      Unsigned32,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus        OperationResponseStatus,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC        Integer32,
        traceRouteProbeHistoryTime          DateAndTime
      }

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 48]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h)
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "An entry in this table is created when the result of
          a traceroute probe is determined.  The initial 2 instance
          identifier index values identify the traceRouteCtlEntry
          that a probe result (traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry) belongs
          to.  An entry is removed from this table when
          its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry is deleted.

          An implementation MUST start assigning
          traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after
          exceeding the maximum possible value as defined by the
          limit of this object ('ffffffff'h)."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 1 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..255)
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Indicates which hop in a traceroute path that the probe's
         results are for.  The value of this object is initially
         determined by the value of traceRouteCtlInitialTtl."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 2 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..10)
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Indicates the index of a probe for a particular
         hop in a traceroute path.  The number of probes per
         hop is determined by the value of the corresponding
         traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop object."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 3 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects indicates the type of address stored
          in the corresponding traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr
          object."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 4 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 49]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The address of a hop in a traceroute path.  This object
         is not allowed to be a DNS name.  The value of the
         corresponding object, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType,
         indicates this object's IP address type."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 5 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The amount of time measured in milliseconds from when
          a probe was sent to when its response was received or
          when it timed out.  The value of this object is reported
          as 0 when it is not possible to transmit a probe."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 6 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      OperationResponseStatus
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The result of a traceroute operation made by a remote
          host for a particular probe."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 7 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Integer32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The last implementation method specific reply code received.

          Traceroute is usually implemented by transmitting a series of
          probe packets with increasing time-to-live values.  A probe
          packet is a UDP datagram encapsulated into an IP packet.
          Each hop in a path to the target (destination) host rejects
          the probe packets (probe's TTL too small, ICMP reply) until
          either the maximum TTL is exceeded or the target host is
          received."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 8 }

   traceRouteProbeHistoryTime OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      DateAndTime
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Timestamp for when this probe results were determined."
      ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 9 }


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 50]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   -- Traceroute Hop Results Table

   traceRouteHopsTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteHopsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Hop Table for
          keeping track of the results of traceroute tests on a
          per hop basis."
      ::= { traceRouteObjects 5 }

   traceRouteHopsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TraceRouteHopsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the traceRouteHopsTable.

          The first two index elements identify the
          traceRouteCtlEntry that a traceRouteHopsEntry
          belongs to.  The third index element,
          traceRouteHopsHopIndex, selects a
          hop in a traceroute path."
      INDEX {
              traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex,
              traceRouteCtlTestName,
              traceRouteHopsHopIndex
            }
      ::= { traceRouteHopsTable 1 }

   TraceRouteHopsEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          traceRouteHopsHopIndex         Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType InetAddressType,
          traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress     InetAddress,
          traceRouteHopsMinRtt           Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsMaxRtt           Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsAverageRtt       Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares  Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsSentProbes       Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsProbeResponses   Unsigned32,
          traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe    DateAndTime
        }

   traceRouteHopsHopIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the hop index for a traceroute hop.  Values
          for this object with respect to the same

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 51]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName
          MUST start at 1 and increase monotonically.

          The traceRouteHopsTable keeps the current traceroute
          path per traceRouteCtlEntry if enabled by
          setting the corresponding traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries
          to true(1).

          All hops (traceRouteHopsTable entries) in a traceroute
          path MUST be updated at the same time when a traceroute
          operation completes.  Care needs to be applied when either
          a path changes or can't be determined.  The initial portion
          of the path, up to the first hop change, MUST retain the
          same traceRouteHopsHopIndex values.  The remaining portion
          of the path SHOULD be assigned new traceRouteHopsHopIndex
          values."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 1 }

   traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This objects indicates the type of address stored
          in the corresponding traceRouteHopsIpTargetAddress
          object."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 2 }

   traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object reports the IP address associated with
          the hop.  A value for this object should be reported
          as a numeric IP address and not as a DNS name."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 3 }

   traceRouteHopsMinRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The minimum traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) received for
          this hop.  A value of 0 for this object implies that no
          RTT has been received."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 4 }

   traceRouteHopsMaxRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 52]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          "The maximum traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) received for
          this hop.  A value of 0 for this object implies that no
          RTT has been received."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 5 }

   traceRouteHopsAverageRtt OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The current average traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) for
          this hop."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 6 }

   traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "This object contains the sum of all traceroute responses
          received for this hop.  Its purpose is to enable standard
          deviation calculation."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 7 }

   traceRouteHopsSentProbes OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The value of this object reflects the number of probes sent
          for this hop during this traceroute test.  The value of this
          object should start at 0."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 8 }

   traceRouteHopsProbeResponses OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Number of responses received for this hop during this
          traceroute test.  This value of this object should start
          at 0."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 9 }

   traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      DateAndTime
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Date and time was the last response was received for a probe
          for this hop during this traceroute test."
      ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 10 }


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 53]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


   -- Notification Definition section

   traceRoutePathChange NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType,
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddress,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "The path to a target has changed."
        ::= { traceRouteNotifications 1 }

   traceRouteTestFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType,
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddress,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "Could not determine the path to a target."
        ::= { traceRouteNotifications 2 }

   traceRouteTestCompleted NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS {
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType,
          traceRouteCtlTargetAddress,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType,
          traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr
        }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "The path to a target has just been determined."
        ::= { traceRouteNotifications 3 }

   -- Conformance information
   -- Compliance statements

   traceRouteCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteConformance 1 }
   traceRouteGroups      OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteConformance 2 }

   -- Compliance statements

   traceRouteCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
              "The compliance statement for the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB."
      MODULE  -- this module
          MANDATORY-GROUPS {

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 54]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

                              traceRouteGroup
                            }
          GROUP traceRouteTimeStampGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group is mandatory for implementations that have
              access to a system clock and are capable of setting
              the values for DateAndTime objects."

          GROUP traceRouteNotificationsGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group defines a collection of optional
              notifications."

          GROUP traceRouteHopsTableGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group lists the objects that make up a
              traceRouteHopsEntry.  Support of the traceRouteHopsTable
              is optional."

          OBJECT traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "The agent is not required to support SET
              operations to this object."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of its implementation.  The function
              represented by this object is implementable if the
              setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is
              supported."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of binding the send socket with a
              source address. An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddress
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "This object is not required by implementations that
              are not capable of binding the send socket with a
              source address. An implementation is only required to
              support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlIfIndex

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 55]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.  When write access is
              not supported return a 0 as the value of this object.
              A value of 0 implies that the function represented by
              this option is not supported."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlMiscOptions
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Support of this object is optional.  When not
              supporting do not allow write access and return a
              zero length octet string as the value of the object."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlStorageType
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.  It is also allowed
              for implementations to support only the volatile
              StorageType enumeration."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlDSField
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.   When write access is
              not supported return a 0 as the value of this object.
              A value of 0 implies that the function represented by
              this option is not supported."

          OBJECT traceRouteCtlType
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "Write access is not required.  In addition, the only
              value that is RECOMMENDED to be supported by an
              implementation is traceRouteUsingUdpProbes."

          OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."

          OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."

          OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 56]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


          OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."

          OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType
          SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."

          OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress
          SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
          DESCRIPTION
              "An implementation should only support IPv4 and
              globally unique IPv6 address values for this object."
      ::= { traceRouteCompliances 1 }

   -- MIB groupings

   traceRouteGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests,
               traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType,
               traceRouteCtlTargetAddress,
               traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable,
               traceRouteCtlDataSize,
               traceRouteCtlTimeOut,
               traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop,
               traceRouteCtlPort,
               traceRouteCtlMaxTtl,
               traceRouteCtlDSField,
               traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType,
               traceRouteCtlSourceAddress,
               traceRouteCtlIfIndex,
               traceRouteCtlMiscOptions,
               traceRouteCtlMaxFailures,
               traceRouteCtlDontFragment,
               traceRouteCtlInitialTtl,
               traceRouteCtlFrequency,
               traceRouteCtlStorageType,
               traceRouteCtlAdminStatus,
               traceRouteCtlMaxRows,
               traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration,
               traceRouteCtlDescr,
               traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries,
               traceRouteCtlType,
               traceRouteCtlRowStatus,
               traceRouteResultsOperStatus,
               traceRouteResultsCurHopCount,
               traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount,

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 57]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

               traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType,
               traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr,
               traceRouteResultsTestAttempts,
               traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC
            }
     STATUS  current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The group of objects that comprise the remote traceroute
         operation."
     ::= { traceRouteGroups 1 }

   traceRouteTimeStampGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath,
               traceRouteProbeHistoryTime
             }
     STATUS  current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The group of DateAndTime objects."
      ::= { traceRouteGroups 2 }

   traceRouteNotificationsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP
     NOTIFICATIONS {
               traceRoutePathChange,
               traceRouteTestFailed,
               traceRouteTestCompleted
            }
     STATUS   current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The notifications which are required to be supported by
         implementations of this MIB."
     ::= { traceRouteGroups 3 }

   traceRouteHopsTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType,
               traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress,
               traceRouteHopsMinRtt,
               traceRouteHopsMaxRtt,
               traceRouteHopsAverageRtt,
               traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares,
               traceRouteHopsSentProbes,
               traceRouteHopsProbeResponses,
               traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe
             }
      STATUS   current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The group of objects that comprise the traceRouteHopsTable."

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 58]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      ::= { traceRouteGroups 4 }

  END



















































DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 59]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

4.3  DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB

  DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

  IMPORTS
      MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE,
      Unsigned32, mib-2, Integer32
          FROM SNMPv2-SMI                  -- RFC2578
      RowStatus
          FROM SNMPv2-TC                   -- RFC2579
      MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP
          FROM SNMPv2-CONF                 -- RFC2580
      SnmpAdminString
          FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB          -- RFC2571
  -- NOTE: this is currently defined by draft-ops-endpoint-mib-07.txt.
  --       The real RFC number should be added by the RFC editor and
  --       this comment should be deleted when this MIB is published.
      InetAddressType, InetAddress
          FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB;           -- RFCxxxx


   lookupMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
      LAST-UPDATED "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000
      ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
      CONTACT-INFO
          "Kenneth White

          International Business Machines Corporation
          Network Computing Software Division
          Research Triangle Park, NC, USA

          E-mail: wkenneth@us.ibm.com"
      DESCRIPTION
          "The Lookup MIB (DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB) enables determination
          of either the name(s) corresponding to a host address or of
          the address(es) associated with a host name at a remote host."

       --  Revision history

       REVISION     "200003010000Z"         -- 1 March 2000
       DESCRIPTION
           "Initial version, published as RFC XXXX."

   -- Note: This OID should be assigned by IANA.
      ::= { mib-2 xx }

   -- Top level structure of the MIB

   lookupObjects        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupMIB 1 }
   lookupConformance    OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupMIB 2 }

   -- Simple Object Definitions


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 60]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

   lookupMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "requests"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-write
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The maximum number of concurrent active lookup requests
         that are allowed within an agent implementation.  A value
         of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for
         the number of concurrent active requests in effect."
      DEFVAL { 10 }
      ::= { lookupObjects 1 }

   lookupPurgeTime OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (0..86400)
      UNITS       "seconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-write
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The amount of time to wait before automatically
         deleting an entry in the lookupCtlTable and any
         dependent lookupResultsTable entries
         after the lookup operation represented by an
         lookupCtlEntry has completed.

         An lookupCtEntry is considered complete
         when its lookupCtlOperStatus object has a
         value of completed(3)."
      DEFVAL { 900 }  -- 15 minutes as default
      ::= { lookupObjects 2 }

   -- Lookup Control Table

   lookupCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF LookupCtlEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Lookup Control Table for providing
          the capability of performing a lookup operation,
          gethostbyname or gethostbyaddr, from a remote host."
     ::= { lookupObjects 3 }

   lookupCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      LookupCtlEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the lookupCtlTable.  A
          lookupCtlEntry is initially indexed by
          lookupCtlOwnerIndex, which is of type SnmpAdminString,
          a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3
          View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575 [11], VACM)

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 61]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          and also allows an management application to identify
          its entries.  The second index element,
          lookupCtlOperationName, enables the same
          lookupCtlOwnerIndex entity to have multiple outstanding
          requests.

          The value of lookupCtlTargetAddressType determines which
          lookup function to perform.  Specification of dns(16)
          as the value of this index implies that the gethostbyname
          function should be performed to determine the numeric
          addresses associated with a symbolic name via
          lookupResultsTable entries.  Use of a value of either
          ipv4(1) or ipv6(2) implies that the gethostbyaddr function
          should be performed to determine the symbolic name(s)
          associated with a numeric address at a remote host."
      INDEX {
               lookupCtlOwnerIndex,
               lookupCtlOperationName
            }
      ::= { lookupCtlTable 1 }

   LookupCtlEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          lookupCtlOwnerIndex         SnmpAdminString,
          lookupCtlOperationName      SnmpAdminString,
          lookupCtlTargetAddressType  InetAddressType,
          lookupCtlTargetAddress      InetAddress,
          lookupCtlOperStatus         INTEGER,
          lookupCtlTime               Unsigned32,
          lookupCtlRc                 Integer32,
          lookupCtlRowStatus          RowStatus
      }

   lookupCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a
         security administrator using the View-Based Access
         Control Model (RFC 2575, VACM) for tables in which
         multiple users may need to independently create or
         modify entries, the initial index is used as an 'owner
         index'.  Such an initial index has a syntax of
         SnmpAdminString, and can thus be trivially mapped to a
         securityName or groupName as defined in VACM, in
         accordance with a security policy.

         When used in conjunction with such a security policy all
         entries in the table belonging to a particular user (or
         group) will have the same value for this initial index.
         For a given user's entries in a particular table, the
         object identifiers for the information in these entries

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 62]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

         will have the same subidentifiers (except for the
         'column' subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded
         owner index. To configure VACM to permit access to this
         portion of the table, one would create
         vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of
         vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index
         portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the
         column subidentifier.  More elaborate configurations
         are possible."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 1 }

   lookupCtlOperationName OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The name of a lookup operation.  This is locally unique,
          within the scope of an lookupCtlOwnerIndex."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 2 }

   lookupCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the type of address for either performing a
          gethostbyname or a gethostbyaddr function at a remote host.
          Specification of dns(16) as the value for this object
          means that the gethostbyname function should be performed
          to return one or more numeric addresses.  Use of a value
          of either ipv4(1) or ipv6(2) means that the gethostbyaddr
          function should be used to return the symbolic names
          associated with a remote host."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 3 }

   lookupCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Specifies the address used for a resolver lookup at a
          remote host.  The corresponding lookupCtlAddressType
          objects determines its type as well as the function
          that can be requested.

          A value for this object MUST be set prior to
          transitioning its corresponding lookupCtlEntry to
          active(1) via lookupCtlRowStatus."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 4 }

   lookupCtlOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                     enabled(1),    -- operation is in progress

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 63]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

                     notStarted(2), -- operation has not started
                     completed(3)   -- operation is done
                  }
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects the operational state of an lookupCtlEntry:

             enabled(1)    - Operation is active.
             notStarted(2) - Operation has not been enabled.
             completed(3)  - Operation has completed.

           An operation is automatically enabled(1) when its
           lookupCtlRowStatus object is transitioned to active(1)
           status.  Until this occurs lookupCtlOperStatus MUST
           report a value of notStarted(2).  After the lookup
           operation completes (success or failure) the value
           for lookupCtlOperStatus MUST be transitioned to
           completed(3)."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 5 }

   lookupCtlTime OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32
      UNITS       "milliseconds"
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reports the number of milliseconds that a lookup
          operation required to be completed at a remote host.
          Completed means operation failure as well as
          success."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 6 }

   lookupCtlRc OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Integer32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The system specific return code from a lookup
          operation.  All implementations MUST return a value
          of 0 for this object when the remote lookup
          operation succeeds.  A non-zero value for this
          objects indicates failure.  It is recommended that
          implementations that support errno use it as the
          value of this object to aid a management
          application in determining the cause of failure."
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 7 }

   lookupCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      RowStatus
      MAX-ACCESS  read-create
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 64]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          "This object allows entries to be created and deleted
          in the lookupCtlTable.

          A remote lookup operation is started when an
          entry in this table is created via an SNMP SET
          request and the entry is activated.  This
          occurs by setting the value of this object
          to CreateAndGo(4) during row creation or
          by setting this object to active(1) after
          the row is created.

          A value MUST be specified for lookupCtlTargetAddress
          prior to a transition to active(1) state being
          accepted.

          A remote lookup operation starts when its entry
          first becomes active(1).  Transitions in and
          out of active(1) state have no effect on the
          operational behavior of a remote lookup
          operation, with the exception that deletion of
          an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus
          object to destroy(6) will stop an active
          remote lookup operation.

          The operational state of a remote lookup operation
          can be determined by examination of its
          lookupCtlOperStatus object."
      REFERENCE
          "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579,
          'Textual Conventions for SMIv2.'"
      ::= { lookupCtlEntry 8 }


  -- Lookup Results Table

   lookupResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF LookupResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines the Lookup Results Table for providing
          the capability of determining the results of a
          operation at a remote host.

          One or more entries are added to the
          lookupResultsTable when a lookup operation,
          as reflected by an lookupCtlEntry, completes
          successfully.  All entries related to a
          successful lookup operation MUST be added
          to the lookupResultsTable at the same time
          that the associating lookupCtlOperStatus
          object is transitioned to completed(2).


DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 65]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

          The number of entries added depends on the
          results determined for a particular lookup
          operation.  All entries associated with an
          lookupCtlEntry are removed when the
          lookupCtlEntry is deleted.

          A remote host can be multi-homed and have more
          than one IP address associated with it
          (gethostbyname results) and/or it can have more
          than one symbolic name (gethostbyaddr results).

          The gethostbyaddr function is called with a
          host address as its parameter and is used
          primarily to determine a symbolic name to
          associate with the host address.  Entries in
          the lookupResultsTable MUST be made for each
          host name returned.  The official host name MUST
          be assigned a lookupResultsIndex of 1.

          The gethostbyname function is called with a
          symbolic host name and is used primarily to
          retrieve a host address.  If possible the
          primary host address SHOULD be assigned a
          lookupResultsIndex of 1."
     ::= { lookupObjects 4 }

   lookupResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      LookupResultsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Defines an entry in the lookupResultsTable.  The
          first two index elements identify the
          lookupCtlEntry that a lookupResultsEntry belongs
          to.  The third index element selects a single
          lookup operation result."
      INDEX {
               lookupCtlOwnerIndex,
               lookupCtlOperationName,
               lookupResultsIndex
            }
      ::= { lookupResultsTable 1 }

   LookupResultsEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          lookupResultsIndex        Unsigned32,
          lookupResultsAddressType  InetAddressType,
          lookupResultsAddress      InetAddress
       }

   lookupResultsIndex OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h)
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 66]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Entries in the lookupResultsTable are created when
          the result of a lookup operation is determined.

          Entries MUST be stored in the lookupResultsTable in
          the order that they are retrieved.  Values assigned
          to lookupResultsIndex MUST start at 1 and increase
          in order."
      ::= { lookupResultsEntry 1 }

   lookupResultsAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddressType
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Indicates the type of result of a remote lookup
          operation.  A value of unknown(0) implies that
          either the operation hasn't been started or that
          it has failed."
      ::= { lookupResultsEntry 2 }

   lookupResultsAddress OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      InetAddress
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Reflects a result for a remote lookup operation
          as per the value of lookupResultsAddressType."
      ::= { lookupResultsEntry 3 }


   -- Conformance information
   -- Compliance statements

   lookupCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupConformance 1 }
   lookupGroups      OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupConformance 2 }

   -- Compliance statements

   lookupCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
              "The compliance statement for the DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB."
      MODULE  -- this module
          MANDATORY-GROUPS {
                              lookupGroup
                            }

          OBJECT lookupMaxConcurrentRequests
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "The agent is not required to support SET

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 67]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

              operations to this object."

          OBJECT lookupPurgeTime
          MIN-ACCESS  read-only
          DESCRIPTION
              "The agent is not required to support a SET
              operation to this object."
      ::= { lookupCompliances 1 }

   -- MIB groupings

   lookupGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
               lookupMaxConcurrentRequests,
               lookupPurgeTime,
               lookupCtlOperStatus,
               lookupCtlTargetAddressType,
               lookupCtlTargetAddress,
               lookupCtlTime,
               lookupCtlRc,
               lookupCtlRowStatus,
               lookupResultsAddressType,
               lookupResultsAddress
             }
     STATUS  current
     DESCRIPTION
         "The group of objects that comprise the remote
         Lookup operation."
      ::= { lookupGroups 1 }

  END























DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 68]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

5.0  Security Considerations

Certain management information in the MIBs defined by this document may
be considered sensitive in some network environments.  Therefore,
authentication of received SNMP requests and controlled access to
management information SHOULD be employed in such environments.  The
method for this authentication is a function of the SNMP Administrative
Framework, and has not been expanded by this MIB.

To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a security
administrator using the View-Based Access Control Model (VACM) defined
in RFC 2575 [11] for tables in which multiple users may need to
independently create or modify entries, the initial index is used as an
"owner index". Such an initial index has a syntax of SnmpAdminString,
and can thus be trivially mapped to a securityName or groupName as
defined in VACM, in accordance with a security policy.

All entries in related tables belonging to a particular user will have
the same value for this initial index.  For a given user's entries in a
particular table, the object identifiers for the information in these
entries will have the same subidentifiers (except for the "column"
subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index. To configure
VACM to permit access to this portion of the table, one would create
vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of
vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index portion, and
vacmViewTreeFamilyMask "wildcarding" the column subidentifier.  More
elaborate configurations are possible.  The VACM access control
mechanism described above provides control

In general both the ping and traceroute functions when used excessively
are considered a form of system attack.  In the case of ping sending a
system requests too often can negatively effect its performance or
attempting to connect to what is supposed to be an unused port can be
very unpredictable.  Excessive use of the traceroute capability can like
ping negatively affect system performance.  In insecure environments it
is RECOMMENDED that the MIBs defined within this memo not be supported.


6.0  Intellectual Property

The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain
to the implementation or use of the technology described in this
document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or
might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any
effort to identify any such rights.  Information on the IETF's
procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and
standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11.  Copies of
claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of
licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to
obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary
rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained
from the IETF Secretariat.

DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 69]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000


The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights
which may cover technology that may be required to practice this
standard.  Please address the information to the IETF Executive
Director.


7.0  Acknowledgments

This document is a product of the DISMAN Working Group.


8.0  References

[1]  Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M. and J. Davin, "Simple Network
     Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, May 1990.

[2]

     Postel, J., "Echo Protocol", RFC 862, ISI, May 1983.

[3]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M.
     and Waldbusser, S., "Structure of Management Information Version 2
     (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999.

[4]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M.
     and Waldbusser, S., "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC
     2579, April 1999.

[5]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M.
     and Waldbusser, S., "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC
     2580, April 1999.

[6]  Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and Waldbusser, S., "Protocol
     Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol
     (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905, January 1996.

[7]  Harrington D., Presuhn, R., Wijnen, B., "An Architecture for
     Describing SNMP Management Frameworks", RFC 2571, April 1999.

[8]  Case, J., Harrington D., Presuhn, R., Wijnen, B., "Message
     Processing and Dispatching for the Simple Network Management
     Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2572, April 1999.

[9]  Levi D., Meyer P., Stewart, B., "SNMPv3 Applications", RFC 2573,
     April 1999.

[10] Blumenthal, U., Wijnen, B., "User-based Security Model (USM) for
     version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC
     2574, April 1999.



DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 70]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

[11] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R., McCloghrie, K., "View-based Access Control
     Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)",
     RFC 2575, April 1999.

[12] Hovey, R. and Bradner, S., "The Organizations Involved in the IETF
     Standards Process", BCP 11, RFC 2028, October 1996.

[13] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
     Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

[14] Rose, M., and McCloghrie, K., "Structure and Identification of
     Management Information for TCP/IP-based Internets", RFC 1155, May
     1990.

[15] Rose, M., and McCloghrie, K., "Concise MIB Definitions", RFC 1212,
     March 1991.

[16] Rose, M., "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP",
     RFC 1215, March 1991.

[17] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser,
     "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901, January 1996.

[18] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and Waldbusser, S., "Transport
     Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol
     (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996.

[19] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision 3", RFC
     2026, BCP 9, October 1996.

[20] Postel, J., "Internet Control Message Protocol", RFC 792,
     September 1981.

[21] Nichols, K., Blake, S., Baker, F., Black, D. "Definition of the
     Differentiated Services Field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6
     Headers", RFC 2474, December 1998

[22] Daniele, M., Haberman, B., Routhier, S., Schoenwaelder, J.,
     "Textual Conventions for Internet Network Addresses",
     draft-ops-endpoint-mib-07.txt, February 2000


9.0  Author's Address

  Kenneth D. White
  Dept. BRQA/Bldg. 501/G114
  IBM Corporation
  P.O.Box 12195
  3039 Cornwallis
  Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
  E-mail: wkenneth@us.ibm.com



DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 71]


Internet Draft      Ping, Traceroute and Lookup MIBs       March 1, 2000

10.0  Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or
assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and
distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind,
provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included
on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this document itself
may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice
or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations,
except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in
which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet
Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into
languages other than English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS
IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK
FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT
INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.




























DISMAN Working Group     Expires September 2000                [Page 72]