Internet-Draft RESTCONF Pagination Support October 2023
Watsen, et al. Expires 24 April 2024 [Page]
Workgroup:
NETCONF Working Group
Internet-Draft:
draft-ietf-netconf-list-pagination-rc-02
Updates:
8040 (if approved)
Published:
Intended Status:
Standards Track
Expires:
Authors:
K. Watsen
Watsen Networks
Q. Wu
Huawei Technologies
O. Hagsand
Netgate
H. Li
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
P. Andersson
Cisco Systems

RESTCONF Extensions to Support List Pagination

Abstract

This document defines a mapping of the list pagination mechanism defined in [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination] to RESTCONF [RFC8040].

This document updates RFC 8040, to declare "list" and "leaf-list" as valid resource targets for the RESTCONF GET and DELETE operations, to define GET query parameters necessary for list pagination, and to define a media-type for XML-based lists.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

This Internet-Draft will expire on 24 April 2024.

1. Introduction

This document defines a mapping of the list pagination mechanism defined in [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination] to RESTCONF [RFC8040].

This document updates RFC 8040, as described in Section 2.

Declaring "list" and "leaf-list" as valid resource targets for the GET operation is necessary for list pagination. Declaring these nodes as valid resource targets for the DELETE operation merely completes the solution for RESTCONF.

1.1. Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

1.2. Conventions

Various examples used in this document use a placeholder value for binary data that has been base64 encoded (e.g., "BASE64VALUE=“). This placeholder value is used as real base64 encoded structures are often many lines long and hence distracting to the example being presented.

2. Updates to RFC 8040

2.1. Resource Targets

This document extends Section 3.5 of [RFC8040] to add "list" and "leaf-list" nodes (not just their entries) as valid data resources for the "GET" and "DELETE" operations.

2.2. Media Type

This document extends Section 3.2 of [RFC8040] to add a new media type, "application/yang-data+xml-list", to encode "list" and "leaf-list" nodes in XML.

The "application/yang-data+xml-list" media-type defines a pseudo top-level element called "xml-list" that is used to wrap the response set, thus ensuring that a single top-level element is returned for the XML encoding", as required by Section 4.3 of [RFC8040].

For JSON, the existing "application/yang-data+json" media type is sufficient, as the JSON format has built-in support for encoding arrays.

The "application/yang-data+xml-list" media type is registered in Section 3.2.1.

2.3. Query Parameters

This document extends Section 4.8 of [RFC8040] to add new query parameters "limit", "offset", "cursor", "direction", "sort-by", "sort-locale-collate", "where", "snapshot", and "sublist-list".

These six query parameters correspond to those defined in Sections 3.1 and 3.2 in [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

+---------------------+---------+-----------------------------------------+
| Name                | Methods | Description                             |
+---------------------+---------+-----------------------------------------+
| limit               | GET,    | Limits the number of entries returned.  |
|                     | HEAD    | If not specified, the number of entries |
|                     |         | that may be returned is unbounded.      |
|                     |         |                                         |
| offset              | GET,    | Indicates the number of entries in the  |
|                     | HEAD    | result set that should the skipped over |
|                     |         | when preparing the response.  If not    |
|                     |         | specified, then no entries in the       |
|                     |         | result set are skipped.                 |
|                     |         |                                         |
| cursor              | GET,    | Indicates where to start the working    |
|                     | HEAD    | result set, the previous entries are    |
|                     |         | skipped over.  If not specified, then   |
|                     |         | no entries in the result set are        |
|                     |         | skipped over.                           |
|                     |         |                                         |
| direction           | GET,    | Indicates the direction that the result |
|                     | HEAD    | set is to be traversed.  If not         |
|                     |         | specified, then the result set is       |
|                     |         | traversed in the "forwards" direction.  |
|                     |         |                                         |
| sort-by             | GET,    | Indicates the node name that the result |
|                     | HEAD    | set should be sorted by.  If not        |
|                     |         | specified, then the result set's        |
|                     |         | default order is used, per YANG's       |
|                     |         | "ordered-by" statement.                 |
|                     |         |                                         |
| sort-locale-collate | GET,    | Specifies the locale the server should  |
|                     | HEAD    | use when collating the result set. If   |
|                     |         | not specified, the server chooses what  |
|                     |         | locale is used for collation.           |
|                     |         |                                         |
| where               | GET,    | Specifies a filter expression that      |
|                     | HEAD    | result set entries must match.  If      |
|                     |         | not specified, then no entries are      |
|                     |         | filtered from the result set.           |
|                     |         |                                         |
| snapshot            | GET,    | Indicates that the server should take a |
|                     | HEAD    | snapshot before paginating the result   |
|                     |         | set.                                    |
|                     |         |                                         |
| sublist-            | GET,    | Limits the number of entries returned   |
|  limit              | HEAD    | returned for descendent lists and       |
|                     |         | leaf-lists. If not specified, the       |
|                     |         | number of entries that may be returned  |
|                     |         | is unbounded.                           |
+---------------------+---------+-----------------------------------------+

For all of the query parameters, the query parameter is only allowed for the GET and HEAD methods on "list" and "leaf-list" data resources. A "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned if used with any other method or resource type. The error-tag value "operation-not-supported" is used in this case.

Per the conformance defined in Section 3.1 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination], all of these parameters MUST be supported for all lists and leaf-lists, but servers MAY disable the support for some or all "config false" lists, as described in Section 3.3 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

2.3.1. The "limit" Query Parameter

The "limit" query parameter corresponds to the "limit" parameter defined in Section 3.1.7 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the limit value is invalid, then a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

2.3.2. The "offset" Query Parameter

The "offset" query parameter corresponds to the "offset" parameter defined in Section 3.1.5 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the offset value is invalid, a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

If the offset value exceeds the number of entries in the working result set, then a "416 Range Not Satisfiable" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application", error-tag value "invalid-value", and SHOULD also include the "offset-out-of-range" identity as error-app-tag value.

2.3.3. The "cursor" Query Parameter

The "cursor" querey parameter corresponds to the "cursor" parameter defined in Section 3.1.6 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the cursor value is unknown, i.e. the key does not exist, a "404 Not Found" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value", and SHOULD also include the "cursor-not-found" identity as error-app-tag value.

If the "cursor" query parameter is not supported on the target node, then a a "501 Not Implemented" status-line MUST be returned with error-type value "application" and error-tag value "operation-not-supported".

2.3.4. The "direction" Query Parameter

The "direction" query parameter corresponds to the "direction" parameter defined in Section 3.1.4 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the direction value is invalid, then a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

2.3.5. The "sort-by" Query Parameter

The "sort-by" query parameter corresponds to the "sort-by" parameter defined in Section 3.1.2 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the specified node identifier is invalid, then a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

2.3.6. The "sort-locale-collate" Query Parameter

The "sort-locale-collate" query parameter corresponds to the "sort-locale-collate" parameter defined in Section 3.1.3 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the specified node identifier is invalid, i.e. the locale is unknown to the server, then a "501 Not Implemented" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value", and SHOULD also include the "locale-unavailable" identity in as the error-app-tag value.

2.3.7. The "where" Query Parameter

The "where" query parameter corresponds to the "where" parameter defined in Section 3.1.1 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the specified XPath expression is invalid, then a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

2.3.8. The "snapshot" Query Parameter

The "snapshot" query parameter corresponds to the "snapshot" parameter defined in Section 3.1.8 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the target node does not support snapshots, then a "501 Not Implemented" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value", and SHOULD also include the "snapshot-not-supported" identity as error-app-tag value.

2.3.9. The "sublist-limit" Query Parameter

The "sublist-limit" query parameter corresponds to the "sublist-limit" parameter defined in Section 3.2.1 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

If the sumlist-limit value is invalid, then a "400 Bad Request" status-line MUST be returned with the error-type value "application" and error-tag value "invalid-value".

3. IANA Considerations

3.1. The "RESTCONF Capability URNs" Registry

This document registers six capabilities in the RESTCONF Capability URNs [RFC8040] maintained at https://www.iana.org/assignments/restconf-capability-urns/restconf-capability-urns.xhtml. Following the instructions defined in Section 11.4 of [RFC8040], the below registrations are requested:

All the registrations are to use this document (RFC XXXX) for the "Reference" value.

Index           Capability Identifier
---------------------------------------------------------------------
:limit               urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:limit:1.0
:offset              urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:offset:1.0
:cursor              urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:cursor:1.0
:direction           urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:direction:1.0
:sort-by             urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:sort-by:1.0
:sort-locale-collate urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:sort-locale-collate:1.0
:where               urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:where:1.0
:snapshot            urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:snapshot:1.0
:sublist-limit       urn:ietf:params:restconf:capability:sublist-limit:1.0

3.2. The "Media Types" Registry

This document registers one media type in the "application" subregistry of the Media Types registry [RFC6838] [RFC4855] maintained at https://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml#application. Following the format defined in [RFC4855], the below registration is requested:

3.2.1. Media Type "application/yang-data+xml-list"

Type name: application

   Subtype name: yang-data+xml-list

   Required parameters: None

   Optional parameters: None

   Encoding considerations: 8-bit
      Each conceptual YANG data node is encoded according to the
      XML Encoding Rules and Canonical Format for the specific
      YANG data node type defined in [RFC7950].

   Security considerations: Security considerations related
      to the generation and consumption of RESTCONF messages
      are discussed in Section 12 of RFC 8040.  Additional
      security considerations are specific to the semantics
      of particular YANG data models.  Each YANG module is
      expected to specify security considerations for the
      YANG data defined in that module.

   Interoperability considerations: RFC XXXX specifies the
      format of conforming messages and the interpretation
      thereof.

   Published specification: RFC XXXX

   Applications that use this media type: Instance document data
      parsers used within a protocol or automation tool that
      utilize the YANG Patch data structure.

   Fragment identifier considerations: Fragment identifiers for
      this type are not defined.  All YANG data nodes are
      accessible as resources using the path in the request URI.

   Additional information:

      Deprecated alias names for this type: N/A
      Magic number(s): N/A
      File extension(s): None
      Macintosh file type code(s): "TEXT"

   Person & email address to contact for further information:
      See the Authors' Addresses section of RFC XXXX.

   Intended usage: COMMON

   Restrictions on usage: N/A

   Author: See the Authors' Addresses section of RFC XXXX.

   Change controller: Internet Engineering Task Force
      (mailto:iesg@ietf.org).

   Provisional registration? (standards tree only): no

4. Security Considerations

This document introduces protocol operations for paging through data already provided by the RESTCONF protocol, and hence does not introduce any new security considerations.

This document does not define a YANG module and hence there are no data modeling considerations beyond those discussed in [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

5. References

5.1. Normative References

[I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination]
"List Pagination...", <FIXME>.
[RFC2119]
Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC8040]
Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.
[RFC8174]
Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

5.2. Informative References

[I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf-collection]
Bierman, A., Björklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF Collection Resource", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-netconf-restconf-collection-00, , <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-netconf-restconf-collection-00>.
[RFC4855]
Casner, S., "Media Type Registration of RTP Payload Formats", RFC 4855, DOI 10.17487/RFC4855, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4855>.
[RFC6838]
Freed, N., Klensin, J., and T. Hansen, "Media Type Specifications and Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC 6838, DOI 10.17487/RFC6838, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6838>.

Appendix A. Example YANG Module

The examples within this document use the "example-social" YANG module defined in Appendix A.1 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

Appendix B. Example Data Set

The Example Data Set used by the examples is defined in Appendix A.2 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

Appendix C. Example Queries

C.1. List pagination with all query parameters

This example mimics that Appendix A.3.7 of [I-D.ietf-netconf-list-pagination].

=============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

GET /restconf/ds/ietf-datastores:running/example-social:members/memb\
er?where=//stats//joined[starts-with(@timestamp,'2020')]&sort-by=tim\
estamp&direction=backwards&offset=2&limit=2&sublist-limit=1  HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/yang-data+xml-list

Response from the RESTCONF server:

=============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 20:56:30 GMT
Server: example-server
Last-Modified: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 20:55:30 GMT
Content-Type: application/yang-data+xml-list

<lp:xml-list xmlns:lp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-restconf-lis\
t-pagination"
  xmlns="http://example.com/ns/example-social">
  <member lp:remaining="1">
    <member-id>eric</member-id>
    <email-address>eric@example.com</email-address>
    <password>$0$1543</password>
    <avatar>BASE64VALUE=</avatar>
    <tagline>Go to bed with dreams; wake up with a purpose.</tagline>
    <following>alice</following>
    <posts>
      <post>
        <timestamp>2020-09-17T18:02:04Z</timestamp>
        <title>Son, brother, husband, father</title>
        <body>What's your story?</body>
      </post>
    </posts>
    <favorites>
      <bits lp:remaining="2">two</bits>
    </favorites>
    <stats>
      <joined>2020-09-17T19:38:32Z</joined>
      <membership-level>pro</membership-level>
      <last-activity>2020-09-17T18:02:04Z</last-activity>
    </stats>
  </member>
  <member lp:remaining="1">
    <member-id>bob</member-id>
    <email-address>bob@example.com</email-address>
    <password>$0$1543</password>
    <avatar>BASE64VALUE=</avatar>
    <tagline>Here and now, like never before.</tagline>
    <posts>
      <post lp:remaining="2">
        <timestamp>2020-08-14T03:32:25Z</timestamp>
        <body>Just got in.</body>
      </post>
    </posts>
    <favorites>
      <decimal64-numbers lp:remaining="1">3.14159</bits>
    </favorites>
    <stats>
      <joined>2020-08-14T03:30:00Z</joined>
      <membership-level>standard</membership-level>
      <last-activity>2020-08-14T03:34:30Z</last-activity>
    </stats>
  </member>
</lp:xml-list>

C.2. Deletion of a leaf-list

This example illustrates using a "leaf-list" as the DELETE target.

=============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

DELETE /restconf/ds/ietf-datastores:running/example-social:members/m\
ember=bob/favorites/decimal64-numbers HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/yang-data+xml

Response from the RESTCONF server:

HTTP/1.1 204 No Content
Date: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 20:56:30 GMT
Server: example-server

Acknowledgements

This work has benefited from the discussions of restconf resource collection over the years, in particular, [I-D.ietf-netconf-restconf-collection]. The authors additionally thank the following for lively discussions on list (ordered by first name): Andy Bierman, Martin Björklund, and Robert Varga

Authors' Addresses

Kent Watsen
Watsen Networks
Qin Wu
Huawei Technologies
101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
Nanjing
Jiangsu, 210012
China
Olof Hagsand
Netgate
Hongwei Li
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Per Andersson
Cisco Systems