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Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Functional Description
RFC 3471

Network Working Group                                  L. Berger, Editor
Request for Comments: 3471                                Movaz Networks
Category: Standards Track                                   January 2003

           Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS)
                    Signaling Functional Description

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document describes extensions to Multi-Protocol Label Switching
   (MPLS) signaling required to support Generalized MPLS.  Generalized
   MPLS extends the MPLS control plane to encompass time-division (e.g.,
   Synchronous Optical Network and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy,
   SONET/SDH), wavelength (optical lambdas) and spatial switching (e.g.,
   incoming port or fiber to outgoing port or fiber).  This document
   presents a functional description of the extensions.  Protocol
   specific formats and mechanisms, and technology specific details are
   specified in separate documents.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  ...............................................   2
   2.  Overview   ..................................................   3
   3.  Label Related Formats   .....................................   6
     3.1  Generalized Label Request  ...............................   6
     3.2  Generalized Label  .......................................  11
     3.3  Waveband Switching  ......................................  12
     3.4  Suggested Label  .........................................  13
     3.5  Label Set  ...............................................  14
   4.  Bidirectional LSPs  .........................................  16
     4.1  Required Information  ....................................  17
     4.2  Contention Resolution  ...................................  17
   5.  Notification on Label Error  ................................  20
   6.  Explicit Label Control  .....................................  20
     6.1  Required Information  ....................................  21

Berger                      Standards Track                     [Page 1]
RFC 3471        GMPLS Signaling Functional Description

   7.  Protection Information  .....................................  21
     7.1  Required Information  ....................................  22
   8.  Administrative Status Information  ..........................  23
     8.1  Required Information  ....................................  24
   9.  Control Channel Separation  .................................  25
     9.1  Interface Identification  ................................  25
     9.2  Fault Handling  ..........................................  27
   10. Acknowledgments  ............................................  27
   11. Security Considerations  ....................................  28
   12. IANA Considerations  ........................................  28
   13. Intellectual Property Considerations  .......................  29
   14. References  .................................................  29
     14.1  Normative References  ...................................  29
     14.2  Informative References  .................................  30
   15. Contributors  ...............................................  31
   16. Editor's Address  ...........................................  33
   17. Full Copyright Statement  ...................................  34

1. Introduction

   The Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) architecture [RFC3031] has
   been defined to support the forwarding of data based on a label.  In
   this architecture, Label Switching Routers (LSRs) were assumed to
   have a forwarding plane that is capable of (a) recognizing either
   packet or cell boundaries, and (b) being able to process either
   packet headers (for LSRs capable of recognizing packet boundaries) or
   cell headers (for LSRs capable of recognizing cell boundaries).

   The original architecture has recently been extended to include LSRs
   whose forwarding plane recognizes neither packet, nor cell
   boundaries, and therefore, can't forward data based on the
   information carried in either packet or cell headers.  Specifically,
   such LSRs include devices where the forwarding decision is based on
   time slots, wavelengths, or physical ports.

   Given the above, LSRs, or more precisely interfaces on LSRs, can be
   subdivided into the following classes:

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