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Versions: 00 01                                                         
Network Working Group                                        C. Jennings
Internet-Draft                                                     Cisco
Intended status: Informational                         February 18, 2013
Expires: August 22, 2013


                 Proposed Plan for Usage of SDP and RTP
                     draft-jennings-rtcweb-plan-00

Abstract

   This draft outlines a bunch of the remaining issues in RTCWeb related
   to how the the W3C APIs map to various usages of RTP and the
   associated SDP.  It proposes one possible solution to that problem
   and outlines several chunks of work that would need to be put into
   other drafts or result in new drafts being written.  The underlying
   design guideline is to, as much as possible, re-use what is already
   defined in existing SDP [RFC4566] and RTP [RFC3550] specifications.

   This draft is not intended to become an specification but is meant
   for working group discussion to help build the specifications.  It is
   being discussed on the webrtc@ietf.org mailing list though it has
   topics relating to the CLUE WG, MMUSIC WG, AVT* WG, and WebRTC WG at
   W3C.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.  This document may not be modified,
   and derivative works of it may not be created, and it may not be
   published except as an Internet-Draft.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 22, 2013.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.



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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   4.  Solutions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     4.1.   Correlation and Multiplexing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     4.2.   Multiple Render . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     4.3.   Dirty Little Secrets  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   5.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   6.  Tasks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   8.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
   9.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
   10. Open Issues  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
   11. Existing SDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     11.1.  Multiple Encodings  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     11.2.  Forward Error Correction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
     11.3.  Same Video Codec With Different Settings  . . . . . . . . 22
     11.4.  Different Video Codecs With Different Resolutions
            Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     11.5.  Retransmission  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     11.6.  Lip Sync Group  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
     11.7.  BFCP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     11.8.  Layered coding dependency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     11.9.  SSRC Signaling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
     11.10. Content Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
   12. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
     12.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
     12.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
   Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30









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1.  Introduction

   The reoccurring theme of this draft is that SDP [RFC4566] already has
   a way of solving the problems being discussed at the RTCWeb WG and we
   not try to invent something new but rather re-use the existing
   methods instead.

   This does results in lots of m lines but all the alternatives
   resulted in an nearly equivalent number of SSRC lines with a
   possibility of redefining most of the media level attributes.  So
   it's really hard to see the big difference.This assumes that it is
   perfectly feasible to transport SDP that much larger than a single
   MTU.  The SIP [RFC3261] usage of SDP has successfully passed over
   this long ago.  In the cases where the SDP is passed over web
   mechanisms, it is easy to use compression and it is more of an
   optimization criteria than a limiting issue.



































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2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT",
   "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be
   interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   This draft uses the API and terminology described in [webrtc-api].

   Transport-Flow: 5 Tuple representing a RTP association.

   5-tuple: A collection of the following values: source IP address,
   source transport port, destination IP address, destination transport
   port and transport protocol.

   PC-Track: A source of media (audio and/or video) that is contained in
   a PC-Stream.  A PC-Track represents content comprising one or more
   PC-Channels.

   PC-Channel: Smallest unit of a PC-Track representing inter-related
   media aspects such as stereo or 5.1 audio signal

   PC-Stream: Represents stream of data of audio and/or video added to a
   Peer Connection by local or remote media source(s).  A PC-Stream is
   made up of zero or more PC-Tracks.

   m-line: An RFC4566 [RFC4566] media description identifier that starts
   with "m=" field and conveys following values:media type,transport
   port,transport protocol and media format descriptions.

   m-block: An RFC4566 [RFC4566] media description that starts with an
   m-line and is terminated by either the next m-line or by the end of
   the session description.

   Offer: An [RFC3264] SDP message generated by the participant who
   wishes to initiate a multimedia communication session.  An Offer
   describes participants capabilities for engaging in a multimedia
   session.

   Answer: An [RFC3264] SDP message generated by the participant in
   response to an Offer.  An Answer describes participants capabilities
   in continuing with the multimedia session with in the constraints of
   the Offer.

   This draft avoids using terms that implementors do not have a clear
   idea of exactly what they are - for example RTP Session.






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3.  Requirements

   The requirements listed here are a collection of requirements that
   have come from WebRTC, CLUE, and the general community that uses RTP
   for interactive communications based on Offer/Answer.  It does not
   try to meet the needs of streaming usages or usages involving
   multicast.  This list does not also try to list every possible
   requirement but instead outlines the ones that might influence the
   design.

   o  Devices with multiple cameras

   o  Devices that display multiple streams of video

   o  Simulcast, wherein a video from a single camera is sent in a few
      independent video streams typically at different resolutions and
      frame rates.

   o  Layered Codec such as H.264 SVC

   o  One way media flows and bi-directional media flows

   o  Mapping W3C PeerConnection (PC) aspects into SDP and RTP.  It is
      important that the SDP be descriptive enough that both sides can
      get the same view of various identifiers for PC-Tracks, PC-Streams
      and their relationships.

   o  Support of Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) [RFC5245]

   o  Support of Multiplexing.

   o  Synchronization - It needs to be clear how implementations deal
      with synchronization, in particular usages of both CNAME and LS
      group.  The sender needs be able to indicate which Media Flows are
      intended to be synchronized and which are not.

   o  Redundant codings - The ability to send some media, such as the
      audio from a microphone, multiple times.  For example it may be
      sent with a high quality wideband codec and a low bandwidth codec.
      If packets are lost from the high bandwidth steam, the low
      bandwidth stream can be used to fill in the missing gaps of audio.
      This is very similar to simulcast.

   o  Forward Error Correction - Support for various RTP FEC schemes.

   o  RSVP QoS - Ability to signal various QoS mechanism such SRF group





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   o  Desegregated Media (FID group) - There is a growing desire to deal
      with endpoints that are distributed - for example a video phone
      where the incoming video is displayed on the an IP TV but the
      outgoing video comes from a tablet computer.  This results in
      situations where the SDP sets up a session with not all the media
      transmitted to a single IP address.

   o  In flight change of codec: Support for system that can negotiate
      the uses of more than one codec for a given media flow and then
      the sender can arbitrarily switch between them when they are
      sending but they only send with one codec as at time.

   o  Support for Sequential and Parallel forking at the SIP level

   o  Support for Early Media

   o  Conferencing environments with Transcoding MCU that decodes/mixes/
      recodes the media

   o  Conferencing environments with Switching MCU where the MCU mucks
      the header information of the media and do not decode/recode all
      the media





























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4.  Solutions

   This section outlines a set of rules for the usage of SDP and RTP
   that seems to deal with the various problems and issues that have
   been discussed.  Most of these are not new and are pretty much how
   many systems do it today.  Some of them are new, but all the items
   requiring new standardization work are called out in the Section 6.

   Approach:

   1.   If a system wants to offer to send two cameras, it MUST use a
        separate m-block for each camera.  In cases such as FEC,
        simulcast, SVC, it will use more than one m-block per camera.

   2.   If a systems wants to receive two streams of video to display in
        two different windows or screens, it MUST user separate m-blocks
        for each unless explicitly signaled to otherwise (see
        Section 4.2).

   3.   Unless explicitly signaled otherwise (see Section 4.2), if a
        given m-line receives media from multiple SSRCs, only media from
        the most recently received SSRC SHOULD be rendered and other
        SSRC SHOULD NOT and if it is video it SHOULD be rendered in the
        same window or screen.

   4.   Each PC-Track corresponds to one or more m-blocks.

   5.   If a camera is sending simulcast video and three resolutions,
        each resolution MUST get its own m-block and all the three
        m-blocks will be grouped.  Open Issues: use FID or define a new
        group?

   6.   If a camera is using a layered codec with three layers, there
        MUST be an m-block for each, and they will be grouped using
        standard SDP for grouping layers.

   7.   To aid in synchronized playback, there is exactly one, and only
        one, LS group for each PC-Stream.  All the m-blocks for all the
        PC-Tracks in a given PC-Stream are synchronized so they are all
        put in one LS group.  All the PC-Tracks in a given PC-Stream
        have the same CNAME.  If a PC-Track appears in more than one PC-
        Stream, then all the PC-Streams with that PC-Track MUST have the
        same CNAME.

   8.   One way media MUST use the sendonly or recvonly attributes.

   9.   Media lines that are not currently in use but may be used later,
        so that the resources need to be kept allocated, SHOULD use the



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        inactive attribute.

   10.  If an m-line will not be used, or it is rejected, it MUST have
        its port set to zero.

   11.  If a video switching MCU produces a virtual "active speaker"
        media flow, that media flow should have its own SSRC but include
        the SSRC of the current speaker's video in the CSRC packets it
        produces.

   12.  For each PC-Track, the W3C API MUST provide a way to set and
        read the CSRC list, set and read the content RFC 4574 "label",
        and read the SSRC of last packet received on a PC-Track.

   13.  The W3C api should have a constraint or API method to allow a
        PC-Stream to indicate the number of multi-render video streams
        it can accept.  Each time a new steam is received up to the
        maximum, a new PC-Track will be created.

   14.  Applications MAY signal all the SSRC they intend to send using
        the RFC 5576, but receivers need to be careful in their usage of
        the SSRC in signaling, as the SSRC can change when there is a
        collision and it takes time before that will be updated in
        signaling.

   15.  Applications can get out of band "roster information" that maps
        the names of various speakers or other information to the MSID
        and/or SSRCs that a user is using

   16.  Applications SHOULD use the RFC 4574 content labels to indicate
        the purpose of the video.  The additional content types, main-
        left and main-right, need to be added to support two- and three-
        screen systems.

   17.  The CLUE WG might want to consider SDP to signal the 3D location
        and field of view parameters for captures and renderers.

   18.  The W3C API allows a "label" to be set for the PC-Track.  This
        MUST be mapped to the SDP label attribute.

4.1.  Correlation and Multiplexing

   The port number that RTP is received on provides the primary
   mechanism for correlating it to the correct m-line.  However, when
   the port does not uniquely male the RTP packet to the correct m-block
   (such as in multiplexing and other cases), the next thing that can be
   looked at is the PT number.  Finally there are cases where SSRC can
   be used if that was signaled.



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   There are some complications when using SSRC for correlation with
   signaling.  First, the offerer may end up receiving RTP packets
   before receiving the signaling with the SSRC correlation information.
   This is because the sender of the RTP chooses the SSRC; there is no
   way for the receiver to signal how some of the bits in the SSRC
   should be set.  Numerous attempts to provide a way to do this have
   been made, but they have all been rejected for various reasons, so
   this situation is unlikely to change.  The second issue is that the
   signaled SSRC can change, particularly in collision cases, and there
   is no good way to know when SSRC are changing, such that the
   currently signaled SSRC usage maps to the actual RTP SSRC usage.
   Finally SSRC does not always provide correlation information between
   media flows - take for example trying to look at SSRC to tell that an
   audio media flow and video media flow came from the same camera.  The
   nice thing about SSRC is that they are also included in the RTP.

   The proposal here is to extend the MSID draft to meet these needs:
   each media flow would have a unique MSID and the MSID would have some
   level of internal structure, which would allow various forms of
   correlation, including what WebRTC needs to be able to recreate the
   MS-Stream / MS-Track hierarchy to be the same on both sides.  In
   addition, this work proposes creating an optional RTP header
   extension that could be used to carry the MSID for a media flow in
   the RTP packets.  This is not absolutely needed for the WebRTC use
   cases but it helps in the case where media arrives before signaling
   and it helps resolve a broader category of web conferencing use
   cases.

   The MSID consists of three things and can extended to have more.  It
   has a device identifier, which corresponds to a unique identifier of
   the device that created the offer; one or more synchronization
   context identifiers, which is a number that helps correlate different
   synchronized media flows; and a media flow identifier.  The
   synchronization identifier and flow identifier are scoped within the
   context of the device identifier, but the device identifier is
   globally unique.  The suggested device identifier is a 64-bit random
   number.  The synchronization group is an integer that is the same for
   all media flows that have this device identifier and are meant to be
   synchronized.  Right now there can be more than one synchronization
   identifier, but the open issues suggest that one would be preferable.
   The flow identifier is an integer that uniquely identifies this media
   flow within the context of the device identifier.

   An example MSID for a device identifier of 12345123451234512345,
   synchronization group of 1, and a media flow id of 3 would be:

      a=msid:12345123451234512345 s:1 f:3




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   When the MSID is used in an answer, the MSID also has the remote
   device identifier included.  In the case where the device ID of the
   device sending the answer was 22222333334444455555, the MSID would
   look like:

      a=msid:12345123451234512345 s:1 f:3 r:22222333334444455555

   Note: The 64 bit size for the device identifier was chosen as it
   allows less than a one in a million chance of collision with greater
   than 10,000 flows (actually it allows this probability with more like
   6 million flows).  Much smaller numbers could be used but 32 bits is
   probably too small.  More discussion on the size of this and the
   color of the bike shed is needed.

   When used in the WebRTC context, each PeerConnection should generate
   a unique device identifier.  Each PC-Stream in the PeerConnection
   will get a a unique synchronization group identifier, and each PC-
   Track in the Peer Connection will get a unique flow identifier.
   Together these will be used to form the MSID.  The MSID MUST be
   included in the SDP offer or answer so that the WebRTC connection on
   the remote side can form the correct structure of remote PC-Streams
   and PC-Tracks.  If a WebRTC client receives an Offer with no MSID
   information and no LS group information, it MUST put all the remote
   PC-Tracks into a single PC-Stream.  If there is LS group information
   but no MSID, a PC-Stream for each LS group MUST be created and the
   PC-Tracks put in the appropriate PC-Stream.

   The W3C specs should be updated to have the ID attribute of the MS-
   Stream be the MSID with no flow identifier, and the ID attribute of
   the MS-Track be the MSID.

4.2.  Multiple Render

   There are cases - such as a grid of security cameras or thumbnails in
   a video conference - where a receiver is willing to receive and
   display several media flows of video.  The proposal here is to create
   a new media level attribute called multiple-render that includes an
   integer that indicates how many streams can be rendered at the same
   time.

   As an example, a system that could display 16 thumbnails at the same
   time and was willing to receive H261 or H264 might offer









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   SDP Offer
    m=video 52886 RTP/AVP 98 99
    a=muliple-render:16
    a=rtpmap:98 H261/90000
    a=rtpmap:99 H264/90000
    a=fmtp:99 profile-level-id=4de00a;
           packetization-mode=0; mst-mode=NI-T;
           sprop-parameter-sets={sps0},{pps0};

   When combining this muliple-render feature with multiplexing, the
   answer will might not know all the SSRC that will send to this
   m-block so it is best to use payload type (PT) numbers that are
   unique for the SDP: the demultiplexing may have to only use the PT if
   the SSRC are unknown.

   The receiver displays, in different windows, the video from the most
   recent 16 SSRC to send video to m-block.

   This allows a switching MCU to know how many thumbnail type streams
   would be appropriate to send to this endpoint.

4.3.  Dirty Little Secrets

   If SDP offer/answers are of type AVP or AVPF but contain a crypto of
   fingerprint attribute, they should be treated as if they were SAVP or
   SAVPF respectively.  The Answer should have the same type as the
   offer but for all practical purposes the implementation should treat
   it as the secure variant.

   If SDP offer/answers are of type AVP or SAVP, but contain a rtcp
   attribute, they should be treated as if they were AVPF or SAVPF
   respectively.  The SDP Answer should have the same type as the Offer
   but for all practical purposes the implementation should treat it as
   the feedback variant.

   If an SDP Offer has both a fingerprint and a crypto attribute, it
   means the Offerer supports both DTLS-SRTP and SDES and the answer
   should select one and return an Answer with only an attribute for the
   selected keying mechanism.












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5.  Examples

   Example of a video client joining a video conference.  The client can
   produce and receive two streams of video, one from the slides and the
   other of the person.  The video of the person is synchronized with
   the audio.  In addition, the client can display up to 10 thumbnails
   of video.  The main video is simulcast at HD size and a thumbnail
   size.

   SDP Offer - Client send simulcast video with 2 resolutions in 2
   m-blocks indicated by a=group:simulcast and indicating lip-sync for
   the audio and video m-blocks.  Also indicating it can accept 10
   streams for rendering with a=multi-render

   [TODO - populate proper fmtp values for thumbnail size] or

        v=0
        o=alice 2890844526 2890844527 IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        t=0 0
        a=group:LS 1,2,3
        a=group:simulcast 2,3
        m=audio 49170 RTP/AVP 99
        a=mid:1
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51372 RTP/AVP 96
        a=mid:2
        a=rtpmap:96 H264/90000
        a=fmtp:96 profile-level-id=428014;
          max-fs=3600; max-mbps=108000; max-br=14000
        m=video 51372 RTP/AVP 97
        a=mid:3
        a=multi-render:10
        a=rtpmap:97 H264/90000
        a=fmtp:97 profile-level-id=428014; max-fs=3600l
          max-mbps=108000; max-br=14000

   SDP Answer from the server indicating two video stream with the
   speaker and the slides.  Also signaled is the lip-sync for speakers
   audio and video streams.










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        v=0
        o=bob 2808844564 2808844565 IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        t=0 0
        a=group:LS a,b
        m=audio 49172 RTP/AVP 99
        a=mid:a
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51374 RTP/AVP 96
        a=mid:b
        a=content:speaker
        a=rtpmap:96 H264/90000
        m=video 51376 RTP/AVP 97
        a=mid:c
        a=content:slides
        a=rtpmap:97 H264/90000


   Example of a three-screen video endpoint connecting to a two-screen
   system which ends up selecting the left and middle screens.






























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   SDP Offer

        v=0
        o=alice 2890844526 2890844527 IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        t=0 0
        a=rtcp-fb
        m=audio 49170 RTP/SAVPF 99
        a=content:left
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51372 RTP/SAVPF 31
        a=content:main
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000
        m=video 51374 RTP/SAVPF 31
        a=content:right
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000

   SDP Answer

        v=0
        o=bob 2808844564 2808844565 IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        t= 0 0
        a=rtcp-fb
        m=audio 49170 RTP/SAVPF 99
        a=content:left
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51372 RTP/SAVPF 31
        a=content:main
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000
        m=video 0 RTP/SAVPF 31
        a=content:right
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000


   Example of a client that supports SRTP-DTLS and SDES connecting to a
   client that supports SRTP-DTLS.












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   SDP Offer - with support for SRTP-DTLS and SDES signaled

   [TODO - populate proper fmtp values for thumbnail size]
        v=0
        o=alice 2890844526 2890844527 IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        t=0 0
        m=audio 49170 RTP/AVP 99
        a=fingerprint:sha-1 99:41:49:83:4a:97:0e:1f:ef:6d
                            :f7:c9:c7:70:9d:1f:66:79:a8:07
        a=crypto:1 AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80
          inline:d0RmdmcmVCspeEc3QGZiNWpVLFJhQX1cfHAwJSoj|2^20|1:32
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51372 RTP/AVP 31
        a=fingerprint:sha-1 92:81:49:83:4a:23:0a:0f:1f:9d:f7:
                             c0:c7:70:9d:1f:66:79:a8:07
        a=crypto:1 AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_32
          inline:NzB4d1BINUAvLEw6UzF3WSJ+PSdFcGdUJShpX1Zj|2^20|1:32
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000


   SDP Answer signaling only SDES

        v=0
        o=bob 2808844564 2808844565 IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        t=0 0
        m=audio 49172 RTP/AVP 99
        a=crypto:1 AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80
          inline:d0RmdmcmVCspeEc3QGZiNWpVLFJhQX1cfHAwJSoj|2^20|1:32
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51374 RTP/AVP 31
        a=crypto:1 AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80
          inline:d0RmdmcmVCspeEc3QGZiNWpVLFJhQX1cfHAwJSoj|2^20|1:32
        a=rtpmap:96 H261/90000














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6.  Tasks

   This section outlines work that needs to be done in various
   specifications to make the proposal here actually happen.

   Tasks:

   1.  Write a draft to add left, right to the SDP content attribute.
       Add the stuff to the W3C API to read and write this on a track.

   2.  Extend the W3C API to be able to set and read the CSRC list for a
       PC-Track.

   3.  Extend the W3C API to be able to read SSRC of last RTP packed
       received.

   4.  Write an RTP Header Extension draft to carey MSID.

   5.  Fix up MSID draft to align with this proposal.

   6.  Add a SDP group to signal multiple m-block as are simulcast of
       same video content.

   7.  Complete the bundle draft.

   8.  Provide guidance for ways to use SDP for reduced glare when
       adding of one way media streams.
























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7.  Security Considerations

   TBD
















































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8.  IANA Considerations

   This document requires no actions from IANA.
















































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9.  Acknowledgments

   I would like to thank Suhas Nandakumar, Eric Rescorla, and Lyndsay
   Campbell for help with this draft.















































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10.  Open Issues

   The overall solution is complicated considerably by the fact that
   WebRTC allows a PC-Track to be used in more than one PC-Stream but
   requires only one copy of the RTP data for the track to be sent.  I
   am not aware of any use case for this and think it should be removed.
   If a PC-Track needs to be synchronized with two different things,
   they should all go in one PC-Stream instead of two.











































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11.  Existing SDP

   The following shows some examples of SDP today that any new system
   needs to be able to receive and work with in a backwards compatible
   way.

11.1.  Multiple Encodings

   Multiple codecs accepted on same m-line.


   SDP Offer

        v=0
        o=alice 2890844526 2890844527 IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.atlanta.example.com
        t=0 0
        m=audio 49170 RTP/AVP 99
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51372 RTP/AVP 31 32
        a=rtpmap:31 H261/90000
        a=rtpmap:32 MPV/90000




   SDP Answer

        v=0
        o=bob 2808844564 2808844565 IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        s=
        c=IN IP4 host.biloxi.example.com
        t=0 0
        m=audio 49172 RTP/AVP 99
        a=rtpmap:99 iLBC/8000
        m=video 51374 RTP/AVP 31 32
        a=rtpmap:31 H261/90000
        a=rtpmap:32 MPV/90000


   This means that a sender can switch back and forth between H261 and
   MVP without any further signaling.  The receiver MUST be capable of
   receiving both formats.  At any point in time, only one video format
   is sent, thus implying that only one video is meant to be displayed.






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11.2.  Forward Error Correction

   Multiple m-blocks identified with respective "mid" grouped to
   indicate FEC operation.


   SDP Offer

       v=0
       o=ali 1122334455 1122334466 IN IP4 fec.example.com
       s=Raptor RTP FEC Example
       t=0 0
       a=group:FEC-FR S1 R1
       m=video 30000 RTP/AVP 100
       c=IN IP4 233.252.0.1/127
       a=rtpmap:100 MP2T/90000
       a=fec-source-flow: id=0
       a=mid:S1
       m=application 30000 RTP/AVP 110
       c=IN IP4 233.252.0.2/127
       a=rtpmap:110 raptorfec/90000
       a=fmtp:110 raptor-scheme-id=1; Kmax=8192; T=128;
       P=A; repair-window=200000
       a=mid:R1


11.3.  Same Video Codec With Different Settings

   This example shows a single codec,say H.264, signaled with different
   settings.


   SDP Offer

       v=0
       m=video 49170 RTP/AVP 100 99 98
       a=rtpmap:98 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:98 profile-level-id=42A01E; packetization-mode=0;
       sprop-parameter-sets=Z0IACpZTBYmI,aMljiA==
       a=rtpmap:99 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:99 profile-level-id=42A01E; packetization-mode=1;
       sprop-parameter-sets=Z0IACpZTBYmI,aMljiA==
       a=rtpmap:100 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:100 profile-level-id=42A01E; packetization-mode=2;
       sprop-parameter-sets=Z0IACpZTBYmI,aMljiA==;
       sprop-interleaving-depth=45; sprop-deint-buf-req=64000;
       sprop-init-buf-time=102478; deint-buf-cap=128000




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11.4.  Different Video Codecs With Different Resolutions Formats

   The SDP below shows various ways to specify resolutions for video
   codecs signaled.


   SDP Offer

       m=video 49170/2 RTP/AVP 31
       a=rtpmap:31 H261/90000
       a=fmtp:31 CIF=2;QCIF=1;D=1

       m=video 49170/2 RTP/AVP 98 99
       a=rtpmap:98 jpeg2000/27000000
       a=rtpmap:99 jpeg2000/90000
       a=fmtp:98 sampling=YCbCr-4:2:0;width=128;height=128
       a=fmtp:99 sampling=YCbCr-4:2:0;width=128;height=128



11.5.  Retransmission

   [RFC4588] retransmission flow example.




























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   SDP Offer

       v=0
       o=mascha 2980675221 2980675778 IN IP4 host.example.net
       c=IN IP4 192.0.2.0
       a=group:FID 1 2
       a=group:FID 3 4
       m=audio 49170 RTP/AVPF 96
       a=rtpmap:96 AMR/8000
       a=fmtp:96 octet-align=1
       a=rtcp-fb:96 nack
       a=mid:1
       m=audio 49172 RTP/AVPF 97
       a=rtpmap:97 rtx/8000
       a=fmtp:97 apt=96;rtx-time=3000
       a=mid:2
       m=video 49174 RTP/AVPF 98
       a=rtpmap:98 MP4V-ES/90000
       a=rtcp-fb:98 nack
       a=fmtp:98 profile-level-id=8;config=01010000012000884006682C209\
       0A21F
       a=mid:3
       m=video 49176 RTP/AVPF 99
       a=rtpmap:99 rtx/90000
       a=fmtp:99 apt=98;rtx-time=3000
       a=mid:4

11.6.  Lip Sync Group

   [RFC5888] grouping semantics for Lip Synchronization between audio
   and video


   SDP Offer

       v=0
       o=Laura 289083124 289083124 IN IP4 one.example.com
       c=IN IP4 192.0.2.1
       t=0 0
       a=group:LS 1 2
       m=audio 30000 RTP/AVP 0
       a=mid:1
       m=video 30002 RTP/AVP 31
       a=mid:2







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11.7.  BFCP


   SDP Offer

       m=application 50000 TCP/TLS/BFCP *
       a=setup:passive
       a=connection:new
       a=fingerprint:SHA-1 \
       4A:AD:B9:B1:3F:82:18:3B:54:02:12:DF:3E:5D:49:6B:19:E5:7C:AB
       a=floorctrl:s-only
       a=confid:4321
       a=userid:1234
       a=floorid:1 m-stream:10
       a=floorid:2 m-stream:11
       m=audio 50002 RTP/AVP 0
       a=label:10
       m=video 50004 RTP/AVP 31
       a=label:11


   Thought not yet defined, it's easy to imaging that BFCP over SCTP
   over DTLS might look like
       m=application 50000 TCP/TLS/BFCP *
       a=setup:passive
       a=connection:new
       a=fingerprint:SHA-1 \
       4A:AD:B9:B1:3F:82:18:3B:54:02:12:DF:3E:5D:49:6B:19:E5:7C:AB
       a=floorctrl:s-only
       a=confid:4321
       a=userid:1234
       a=floorid:1 m-stream:10
       a=floorid:2 m-stream:11
       m=audio 50002 RTP/AVP 0
       a=label:10
       m=video 50004 RTP/AVP 31
       a=label:11


11.8.  Layered coding dependency

   [RFC5583] "depend" attribute is shown here to indicate dependency
   between layers represented by the individual m-blocks








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   SDP Offer

       a=group:DDP L1 L2 L3
       m=video 20000 RTP/AVP 96 97 98
       a=rtpmap:96 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:96 profile-level-id=4de00a; packetization-mode=0;
       mst-mode=NI-T; sprop-parameter-sets={sps0},{pps0};
       a=rtpmap:97 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:97 profile-level-id=4de00a; packetization-mode=1;
       mst-mode=NI-TC; sprop-parameter-sets={sps0},{pps0};
       a=rtpmap:98 H264/90000
       a=fmtp:98 profile-level-id=4de00a; packetization-mode=2;
       mst-mode=I-C; init-buf-time=156320;
       sprop-parameter-sets={sps0},{pps0};
       a=mid:L1
       m=video 20002 RTP/AVP 99 100
       a=rtpmap:99 H264-SVC/90000
       a=fmtp:99 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=1;
       mst-mode=NI-T; sprop-parameter-sets={sps1},{pps1};
       a=rtpmap:100 H264-SVC/90000
       a=fmtp:100 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=2;
       mst-mode=I-C; sprop-parameter-sets={sps1},{pps1};
       a=mid:L2
       a=depend:99 lay L1:96,97; 100 lay L1:98
       m=video 20004 RTP/AVP 101
       a=rtpmap:101 H264-SVC/90000
       a=fmtp:101 profile-level-id=53001F; packetization-mode=1;
       mst-mode=NI-T; sprop-parameter-sets={sps2},{pps2};
       a=mid:L3
       a=depend:101 lay L1:96,97 L2:99

11.9.  SSRC Signaling


   SDP Offer

       m=video 49170 RTP/AVP 96
       a=rtpmap:96 H264/90000
       a=ssrc:12345 cname:user@example.com
       a=ssrc:67890 cname:user@example.com

   This indicates what the sender will send.  It's at best a guess
   because in the case of SSRC collision, it's all wrong.  It does not
   allow one to reject a stream.  It does not mean that both streams are
   displayed at the same time.






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11.10.  Content Signaling

   [RFC4796] "content" attribute is used to specify the semantics of
   content represented by the video streams.


   SDP Offer
    v=0
       o=Alice 292742730 29277831 IN IP4 131.163.72.4
       s=Second lecture from information technology
       c=IN IP4 131.164.74.2
       t=0 0
       m=video 52886 RTP/AVP 31
       a=rtpmap:31 H261/9000
       a=content:slides
       m=video 53334 RTP/AVP 31
       a=rtpmap:31 H261/9000
       a=content:speaker
       m=video 54132 RTP/AVP 31
       a=rtpmap:31 H261/9000
       a=content:sl






























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12.  References

12.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3264]  Rosenberg, J. and H. Schulzrinne, "An Offer/Answer Model
              with Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 3264,
              June 2002.

   [RFC4566]  Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
              Description Protocol", RFC 4566, July 2006.

12.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-use-cases-and-requirements]
              Holmberg, C., Hakansson, S., and G. Eriksson, "Web Real-
              Time Communication Use-cases and Requirements",
              draft-ietf-rtcweb-use-cases-and-requirements-10 (work in
              progress), October 2011.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              June 2002.

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, July 2003.

   [RFC4588]  Rey, J., Leon, D., Miyazaki, A., Varsa, V., and R.
              Hakenberg, "RTP Retransmission Payload Format", RFC 4588,
              July 2006.

   [RFC4796]  Hautakorpi, J. and G. Camarillo, "The Session Description
              Protocol (SDP) Content Attribute", RFC 4796,
              February 2007.

   [RFC5245]  Rosenberg, J., "Interactive Connectivity Establishment
              (ICE): A Protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT)
              Traversal for Offer/Answer Protocols", RFC 5245,
              April 2010.

   [RFC5583]  Schierl, T. and S. Wenger, "Signaling Media Decoding
              Dependency in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)",
              RFC 5583, July 2009.




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   [RFC5888]  Camarillo, G. and H. Schulzrinne, "The Session Description
              Protocol (SDP) Grouping Framework", RFC 5888, June 2010.

   [webrtc-api]
              Bergkvist, Burnett, Jennings, Narayanan, "WebRTC 1.0:
              Real-time Communication Between Browsers", October 2011.

              Available at
              http://dev.w3.org/2011/webrtc/editor/webrtc.html










































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Author's Address

   Cullen Jennings
   Cisco
   400 3rd Avenue SW, Suite 350
   Calgary, AB  T2P 4H2
   Canada

   Email: fluffy@iii.ca










































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