Applications and Use Cases for the Quantum Internet
draft-irtf-qirg-quantum-internet-use-cases-01

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Replaces draft-wang-qirg-quantum-internet-use-cases
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QIRG                                                             C. Wang
Internet-Draft                                                 A. Rahman
Intended status: Informational          InterDigital Communications, LLC
Expires: January 11, 2021                                          R. Li
                                                                    NICT
                                                              M. Aelmans
                                                        Juniper Networks
                                                           July 10, 2020

          Applications and Use Cases for the Quantum Internet
             draft-irtf-qirg-quantum-internet-use-cases-01

Abstract

   The Quantum Internet has the potential to improve Internet
   application functionality by incorporating quantum information
   technology into the infrastructure of the overall Internet.  In this
   document, we provide an overview of some applications expected to be
   used on the Quantum Internet, and then categorize them using various
   classification schemes.  Some general requirements for the Quantum
   Internet are also discussed.  The intent of this document is to
   provide a common understanding and framework of applications and use
   cases for the Quantum Internet.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 11, 2021.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Wang, et al.            Expires January 11, 2021                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft         Quantum Internet Use Cases              July 2020

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions used in this document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Terms and Acronyms List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Quantum Internet Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.1.  Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.2.  Classification by Application Usage . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.2.1.  Quantum Cryptography Applications . . . . . . . . . .   6
       4.2.2.  Quantum Sensor Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       4.2.3.  Quantum Computing Applications  . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.3.  Control vs Data Plane Classification  . . . . . . . . . .   7
   5.  Selected Quantum Internet Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.1.  Secure Communication Setup  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.2.  Secure Quantum Computing with Privacy Preservation  . . .  11
     5.3.  Distributed Quantum Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   6.  General Requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   7.  Conclusion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   10. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   11. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22

1.  Introduction

   The Classical Internet has been constantly growing since it first
   became commercially popular in the early 1990's.  It essentially
   consists of a large number of end-nodes (e.g., laptops, smart phones,
   network servers) connected by routers.  The end-nodes may run
   applications that provide service for the end-users such as
   processing and transmission of voice, video or data.  The connections
   between the various nodes in the Internet include Digital Subscriber
   Lines (DSLs), fiber optics, coax cable and wireless that include
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