IP-based Vehicular Networking: Use Cases, Survey and Problem Statement
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-02

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (ipwave WG)
Last updated 2018-03-05
Replaces draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-survey, draft-ietf-ipwave-problem-statement
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Network Working Group                                      J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                   Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational                             March 5, 2018
Expires: September 6, 2018

 IP-based Vehicular Networking: Use Cases, Survey and Problem Statement
               draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-02

Abstract

   This document discusses use cases, survey, and problem statement on
   IP-based vehicular networks, which are considered a key component of
   Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).  The main topics of
   vehicular networking are vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-
   infrastructure (V2I), and infrastructure-to-vehicle (I2V) networking.
   First, this document surveys use cases using V2V and V2I networking.
   Second, this document deals with some critical aspects in vehicular
   networking, such as vehicular network architectures, standardization
   activities, IP address autoconfiguration, routing, mobility
   management, DNS naming service, service discovery, and security and
   privacy.  For each aspect, this document discusses problem statement
   to analyze the gap between the state-of-the-art techniques and
   requirements in IP-based vehicular networking.  Finally, this
   document articulates discussions including the summary and analysis
   of vehicular networking aspects and raises deployment issues.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 6, 2018.

Jeong                   Expires September 6, 2018               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft        IP-based Vehicular Networking           March 2018

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.1.  V2I Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.2.  V2V Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Vehicular Network Architectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     4.1.  Existing Architectures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       4.1.1.  VIP-WAVE: IP in 802.11p Vehicular Networks  . . . . .   7
       4.1.2.  IPv6 Operation for WAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.3.  Multicast Framework for Vehicular Networks  . . . . .   9
       4.1.4.  Joint IP Networking and Radio Architecture  . . . . .  10
       4.1.5.  Mobile Internet Access in FleetNet  . . . . . . . . .  11
       4.1.6.  A Layered Architecture for Vehicular DTNs . . . . . .  12
     4.2.  V2I and V2V Internetworking Problem Statement . . . . . .  12
       4.2.1.  V2I-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.2.2.  V2V-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   5.  Standardization Activities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.1.  IEEE Guide for WAVE - Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.2.  IEEE Standard for WAVE - Networking Services  . . . . . .  18
     5.3.  ETSI Intelligent Transport Systems: GeoNetwork-IPv6 . . .  18
     5.4.  ISO Intelligent Transport Systems: IPv6 over CALM . . . .  19
   6.  IP Address Autoconfiguration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     6.1.  Existing Protocols for Address Autoconfiguration  . . . .  20
       6.1.1.  Automatic IP Address Configuration in VANETs  . . . .  20
       6.1.2.  Using Lane/Position Information . . . . . . . . . . .  20
       6.1.3.  GeoSAC: Scalable Address Autoconfiguration  . . . . .  21
       6.1.4.  Cross-layer Identities Management in ITS Stations . .  22
     6.2.  Problem Statement for IP Address Autoconfiguration  . . .  22
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