IP Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement and Use Cases
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-04

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (ipwave WG)
Last updated 2018-07-16
Replaces draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-survey, draft-ietf-ipwave-problem-statement
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IPWAVE Working Group                                       J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                   Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational                             July 16, 2018
Expires: January 17, 2019

IP Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement
                             and Use Cases
               draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-04

Abstract

   This document discusses the problem statement and use cases on IP-
   based vehicular networks, which are considered a key component of
   Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).  The main topics of
   vehicular networking are vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-
   infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) networking.
   First, this document surveys use cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X
   networking.  Second, it analyzes proposed protocols for IP-based
   vehicular networking and highlights the limitations and difficulties
   found on those protocols.  Third, it presents a problem exploration
   for key aspects in IP-based vehicular networking, such as IPv6
   Neighbor Discovery, Mobility Management, and Security & Privacy.  For
   each key aspect, this document discusses a problem statement to
   analyze the gap between the state-of-the-art techniques and
   requirements in IP-based vehicular networking.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2019.

Jeong                   Expires January 17, 2019                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          IPWAVE Problem Statement               July 2018

Copyright Notice

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   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.1.  V2V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.2.  V2I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.3.  V2X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   4.  Analysis for Current Protocols  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     4.1.  Current Protocols for Vehicular Networking  . . . . . . .   7
       4.1.1.  IPv6 over 802.11-OCB  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       4.1.2.  IP Address Autoconfiguration  . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.3.  Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.4.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.5.  DNS Naming Service  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.1.6.  Service Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.1.7.  Security and Privacy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     4.2.  General Problems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.2.1.  Vehicular Network Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.2.2.  Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.2.3.  Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.2.4.  Pseudonym Handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   5.  Problem Exploration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     5.1.  Neighbor Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       5.1.1.  Link Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       5.1.2.  MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       5.1.3.  Prefix Dissemination/Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       5.1.4.  Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     5.2.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     5.3.  Security and Privacy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
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