LPWAN Overview
draft-ietf-lpwan-overview-01

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (lpwan WG)
Last updated 2017-02-27
Replaces draft-farrell-lpwan-overview
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lpwan                                                    S. Farrell, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                    Trinity College Dublin
Intended status: Informational                         February 27, 2017
Expires: August 31, 2017

                             LPWAN Overview
                      draft-ietf-lpwan-overview-01

Abstract

   Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) are wireless technologies with
   characteristics such as large coverage areas, low bandwidth, possibly
   very small packet and application layer data sizes and long battery
   life operation.  This memo is an informational overview of the set of
   LPWAN technologies being considered in the IETF and of the gaps that
   exist between the needs of those technologies and the goal of running
   IP in LPWANs.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 31, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of

Farrell                  Expires August 31, 2017                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft   Low Power Wide Area Networking Overview   February 2017

   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  LPWAN Technologies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  LoRaWAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.1.  Provenance and Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.2.  Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.2.1.  Provenance and Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.2.2.  Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.3.  SIGFOX  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       2.3.1.  Provenance and Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       2.3.2.  Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     2.4.  Wi-SUN Alliance Field Area Network (FAN)  . . . . . . . .  19
       2.4.1.  Provenance and Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       2.4.2.  Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   3.  Generic Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
   4.  Gap Analysis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
     4.1.  Naive application of IPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
     4.2.  6LoWPAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       4.2.1.  Header Compression  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       4.2.2.  Address Autoconfiguration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
       4.2.3.  Fragmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
       4.2.4.  Neighbor Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     4.3.  6lo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     4.4.  6tisch  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     4.5.  RoHC  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     4.6.  ROLL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     4.7.  CoAP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     4.8.  Mobility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     4.9.  DNS and LPWAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   7.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
   9.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
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