Context-Aware Navigator Protocol for IP-Based Vehicular Networks
draft-jeong-ipwave-context-aware-navigator-00

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IPWAVE Working Group                                            J. Jeong
Internet-Draft                                           B. Mugabarigira
Intended status: Standards Track                                Z. Xiang
Expires: May 7, 2020                                             Y. Shen
                                                 Sungkyunkwan University
                                                        November 4, 2019

    Context-Aware Navigator Protocol for IP-Based Vehicular Networks
             draft-jeong-ipwave-context-aware-navigator-00

Abstract

   This document proposes a Context-Aware Navigator Protocol (CAN) for
   IP-based vehicular networks for cooperative navigation among vehicles
   in road networks.  This CAN aims at the enhancement of driving safety
   through a light-weight driving information sharing method.  The CAN
   protocol uses an IPv6 Neighbor Discovery (ND) option to convey
   driving information such as a vehicle's position, speed,
   acceleration/deceleration, and direction, and a driver's driving
   action (e.g., braking and accelerating).

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Jeong, et al.              Expires May 7, 2020                  [Page 1]
Internet-Draft      Context-Aware Navigator Protocol       November 2019

   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Vehicle Mobility Information Option . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   6.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     6.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     6.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Appendix A.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

1.  Introduction

   The enhancement of driving safety is one of objectives in cooperative
   driving in vehicular networks.  Dedicated Short-Range Communications
   (DSRC) is for vehicular communications [DSRC].  IEEE has standardized
   a family standard suite of Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments
   (WAVE) [WAVE].  Also, IETF has standardized an IPv6 packet delivery
   protocol over IEEE 802.11-OCB (Outside the Context of a Basic Service
   Set) [ID-IPv6-802.11-OCB], which is a MAC protocol for vehicles in
   WAVE.

   A vehicle equipped with various sensors and the a DSRC device can
   sense its surrounding environment including its neighboring vehicles,
   and share the sensed data and its mobility information (e.g.,
   position, speed, acceleration/deceleration, and direction) with its
   neighboring vehicles.  This information sharing allows vehicles to
   assess the collision risk and make their maneuver change to avoid an
   accident in a prompt way.  That is, the capability of sensing,
   computing, and communication of vehicles enables them to understand
   the driving environment and situation (i.e., context), and cooperate
   with each other during their navigation.

   The driving information sharing enables Context-Aware Navigator (CAN)
   where each vehicle can display its neighboring vehicles, pedestrians,
   and obstacles in its navigation system [CASD].  With this CAN, a
   driver can make a better decision on driving to avoid an accident,
   and an autonomous vehicle can control its maneuver to escape from a
   possible fatality in advance.
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