MPLS Payload Protocol Identifier
draft-xu-mpls-payload-protocol-identifier-03

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Last updated 2017-06-29
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Network Working Group                                              X. Xu
Internet-Draft                                                    Huawei
Intended status: Standards Track                            H. Assarpour
Expires: December 31, 2017                                      Broadcom
                                                                   S. Ma
                                                                 Juniper
                                                           June 29, 2017

                    MPLS Payload Protocol Identifier
              draft-xu-mpls-payload-protocol-identifier-03

Abstract

   The MPLS label stack has no explicit protocol identifier field to
   indicate the protocol type of the MPLS payload.  This document
   proposes a mechanism for containing a protocol identifier field
   within the MPLS packet, which is useful for any new encapsulation
   header which may need to be encapsulated with an MPLS header.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 31, 2017.

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   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must

Xu, et al.              Expires December 31, 2017               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          MPLS Payload Protocol ID               June 2017

   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Protocol Type Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Data Plane Processing of PIL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.1.  Egress LSRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.2.  Ingress LSRs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.3.  Transit LSRs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.4.  Penultimate Hop LSRs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Signaling for PIL Processing Capability . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  Alternative Approaches  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   7.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   10. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

1.  Introduction

   The MPLS label stack has no explicit protocol identifier field to
   indicate the protocol type of the MPLS payload.  This document
   proposes a mechanism for containing a protocol identifier field
   within the MPLS packet, which is useful for any new encapsulation
   header which may need to be encapsulated with an MPLS header.  With
   this explicit protocol identifier field, there is no need any more
   for each new encapsulation header to deal with the notorious first
   nibble issue associated with MPLS individually.  More specifically,
   there is no need to intentionally avoid the first nibble of each new
   encapsulation header from being 0100 (IPv4) or 0110 (IPv6) and even
   worsely misuse the first nibble of each new encapsulation header as
   an MPLS payload type field (e.g., MPLS-BIER
   [I-D.ietf-bier-mpls-encapsulation]).  The tacit permission of
   misusing the first nibble of each new encapsulation header as an MPLS
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