Host Access Protocol (HAP) specification: Version 2
RFC 1221

Document Type RFC - Informational (April 1991; No errata)
Updates RFC 907
Last updated 2013-03-02
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Network Working Group                                          W. Edmond
Request for Comments: 1221                                           BBN
Updates: RFC 907                                              April 1991

          Host Access Protocol (HAP) Specification - Version 2

Status of this Memo

   This memo describes the Host Access Protocol implemented in the
   Terrestrial Wideband Network (TWBNET).  It obsoletes most but not all
   of RFC 907.  This memo provides information for the Internet
   community.  It does not specify an Internet standard.  Distribution
   of this memo is unlimited.

Preface

   This memo specifies the Host Access Protocol (HAP).  HAP is a Network
   layer (OSI Layer 3 lower) access protocol that was first implemented
   about a decade ago for the DARPA/DCA sponsored Wideband Packet
   Satellite Network (WBNET), the precursor of the current Terrestrial
   Wideband Network (TWBNET).  This version of the specification
   obsoletes references [1] and [2] in addition to most of RFC 907.

   HAP is a developmental protocol, and will be revised as new
   capabilities are added and unused features are eliminated or revised.
   One reason that HAP is being revised now is that, unlike the original
   WBNET's satellite channel, the TWBNET's T1 fiber links are not a
   broadcast medium.  This has prompted some changes to the protocol
   that will permit greater efficiency in a mesh topology network.
   Another cause of revision is the need to make HAP able to support a
   variety of OSI layer 3 upper protocols, such as DECNET Phase V, ST,
   and CLNP, where before only Internet Protocol (IP) was used.
   Appendix B describes how backward compatibility with the older IP-
   only version of HAP is achieved.  A third cause of protocol changes
   is the desire to simplify interaction between ST2 protocol (RFC 1190)
   agents and the TWBNET.  This has mainly affected the way certain
   setup errors are handled.  These changes are expected to be backward
   compatible.  Appendix A describes two capabilities that may be added
   to HAP in the future.

   One of the protocol enhancements, "Group Streams", described in
   reference [2] has been eliminated.  There are no known applications
   that use the feature.  As described in Appendix A, a new mechanism,
   to be called "shared streams", capable of providing equivalent
   capabilities will be implemented if needed.  Changes in [2] that have
   been retained include various query/reply control messages that
   permit a host to determine what resources it owns (mostly useful for

Edmond                                                          [Page 1]
RFC 1221                          HAP2                        April 1991

   cleanup following a host reboot or crash).

   This document assumes the reader is familiar with DoD internetworking
   terminology.

1. Introduction

   The Host Access Protocol (HAP) is a network layer protocol (as is
   X.25).  ("Network layer" here means ISO layer 3 lower, the protocol
   layer below the DoD Internet Protocol (IP) layer [3] and above any
   link layer protocol.)  HAP defines the different types of host-to-
   network control messages and host-to-host data messages that may be
   exchanged over the access link connecting a host and the network
   packet switch node.  The protocol establishes formats for these
   messages, and describes procedures for determining when each type of
   message should be transmitted and what it means when one is received.

   HAP has been implemented in the wide-area network called the
   Terrestrial Wideband Network (TWBNET) [5] and in the routers and
   other hosts that connect to TWBNET.  The packet switch nodes that
   compose the TWBNET are called Wideband Packet Switches (WPS).

   Both the precursor to HAP, the Host/SATNET Protocol [6], used in the
   Atlantic Packet Satellite Network (SATNET) and the Mobile Access
   Terminal Network (MATNET [7]), and HAP, used in the original Wideband
   Satellite Network (WBNET) [8], were originally designed to provide
   efficient access to the single satellite channel each network used to
   connect all sites.  The HAP protocol designers reflected some of the
   peculiarities of the single satellite channel environment in the HAP
   protocol itself.  The current Terrestrial Wideband Network (TWBNET)
   utilizes T1-speed fiber connections between sites.  Future networks
   and TWBNET may use a combination of terrestrial connections and
   satellite connections, and may have more than one of each.  The HAP
   protocol has been changed to accommodate these extensions.

   Section 2 presents an overview of HAP.  Details of HAP formats and
   message exchange procedures are contained in Sections 3 through 10.
   Further explanation of some of the topics addressed in this HAP
   specification can be found in reference [1].

   Any protocol employed to provide sufficiently reliable message
   exchange over the Host-WPS link is assumed to be transparent to the
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