Use Cases for Authentication and Authorization in Constrained Environments
RFC 7744

Document Type RFC - Informational (January 2016; No errata)
Last updated 2016-01-29
Replaces draft-seitz-ace-usecases
Stream IETF
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Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication Oct 2014 Sep 2015
Document shepherd Hannes Tschofenig
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2015-10-07)
IESG IESG state RFC 7744 (Informational)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
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Responsible AD Kathleen Moriarty
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IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state No IC
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                     L. Seitz, Ed.
Request for Comments: 7744                           SICS Swedish ICT AB
Category: Informational                                   S. Gerdes, Ed.
ISSN: 2070-1721                                  Universitaet Bremen TZI
                                                             G. Selander
                                                                Ericsson
                                                                 M. Mani
                                                                   Itron
                                                                S. Kumar
                                                        Philips Research
                                                            January 2016

             Use Cases for Authentication and Authorization
                      in Constrained Environments

Abstract

   Constrained devices are nodes with limited processing power, storage
   space, and transmission capacities.  In many cases, these devices do
   not provide user interfaces, and they are often intended to interact
   without human intervention.

   This document includes a collection of representative use cases for
   authentication and authorization in constrained environments.  These
   use cases aim at identifying authorization problems that arise during
   the life cycle of a constrained device and are intended to provide a
   guideline for developing a comprehensive authentication and
   authorization solution for this class of scenarios.

   Where specific details are relevant, it is assumed that the devices
   use the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) as a communication
   protocol.  However, most conclusions apply generally.

Seitz, et al.                 Informational                     [Page 1]
RFC 7744                      ACE Use Cases                 January 2016

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7744.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Seitz, et al.                 Informational                     [Page 2]
RFC 7744                      ACE Use Cases                 January 2016

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................4
      1.1. Terminology ................................................4
   2. Use Cases .......................................................5
      2.1. Container Monitoring .......................................5
           2.1.1. Bananas for Munich ..................................6
           2.1.2. Authorization Problems Summary ......................7
      2.2. Home Automation ............................................8
           2.2.1. Controlling the Smart Home Infrastructure ...........8
           2.2.2. Seamless Authorization ..............................8
           2.2.3. Remotely Letting in a Visitor .......................9
           2.2.4. Selling the House ...................................9
           2.2.5. Authorization Problems Summary ......................9
      2.3. Personal Health Monitoring ................................10
           2.3.1. John and the Heart Rate Monitor ....................11
           2.3.2. Authorization Problems Summary .....................12
      2.4. Building Automation .......................................13
           2.4.1. Device Life Cycle ..................................13
                  2.4.1.1. Installation and Commissioning ............13
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