HTTP Live Streaming
RFC 8216

Document Type RFC - Informational (August 2017; Errata)
Last updated 2017-10-17
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Independent Submission                                    R. Pantos, Ed.
Request for Comments: 8216                                   Apple, Inc.
Category: Informational                                           W. May
ISSN: 2070-1721                                       MLB Advanced Media
                                                             August 2017

                          HTTP Live Streaming

Abstract

   This document describes a protocol for transferring unbounded streams
   of multimedia data.  It specifies the data format of the files and
   the actions to be taken by the server (sender) and the clients
   (receivers) of the streams.  It describes version 7 of this protocol.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This is a contribution to the RFC Series, independently of any other
   RFC stream.  The RFC Editor has chosen to publish this document at
   its discretion and makes no statement about its value for
   implementation or deployment.  Documents approved for publication by
   the RFC Editor are not a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8216.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.

   This document may not be modified, and derivative works of it may not
   be created, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to
   translate it into languages other than English.

Pantos & May                  Informational                     [Page 1]
RFC 8216                   HTTP Live Streaming               August 2017

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction to HTTP Live Streaming .............................4
   2. Overview ........................................................4
   3. Media Segments ..................................................6
      3.1. Supported Media Segment Formats ............................6
      3.2. MPEG-2 Transport Streams ...................................7
      3.3. Fragmented MPEG-4 ..........................................7
      3.4. Packed Audio ...............................................8
      3.5. WebVTT .....................................................8
   4. Playlists .......................................................9
      4.1. Definition of a Playlist ..................................10
      4.2. Attribute Lists ...........................................11
      4.3. Playlist Tags .............................................12
           4.3.1. Basic Tags .........................................12
                  4.3.1.1. EXTM3U ....................................12
                  4.3.1.2. EXT-X-VERSION .............................12
           4.3.2. Media Segment Tags .................................13
                  4.3.2.1. EXTINF ....................................13
                  4.3.2.2. EXT-X-BYTERANGE ...........................14
                  4.3.2.3. EXT-X-DISCONTINUITY .......................14
                  4.3.2.4. EXT-X-KEY .................................15
                  4.3.2.5. EXT-X-MAP .................................17
                  4.3.2.6. EXT-X-PROGRAM-DATE-TIME ...................18
                  4.3.2.7. EXT-X-DATERANGE ...........................18
                           4.3.2.7.1. Mapping SCTE-35 into
                                      EXT-X-DATERANGE ................20
           4.3.3. Media Playlist Tags ................................22
                  4.3.3.1. EXT-X-TARGETDURATION ......................22
                  4.3.3.2. EXT-X-MEDIA-SEQUENCE ......................22
                  4.3.3.3. EXT-X-DISCONTINUITY-SEQUENCE ..............23
                  4.3.3.4. EXT-X-ENDLIST .............................23
                  4.3.3.5. EXT-X-PLAYLIST-TYPE .......................24
                  4.3.3.6. EXT-X-I-FRAMES-ONLY .......................24
           4.3.4. Master Playlist Tags ...............................25
                  4.3.4.1. EXT-X-MEDIA ...............................25
                           4.3.4.1.1. Rendition Groups ...............28
                  4.3.4.2. EXT-X-STREAM-INF ..........................29
                           4.3.4.2.1. Alternative Renditions .........32
                  4.3.4.3. EXT-X-I-FRAME-STREAM-INF ..................33
                  4.3.4.4. EXT-X-SESSION-DATA ........................34
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