Message Header Field for Indicating Message Authentication Status
RFC 8601

Document Type RFC - Proposed Standard (May 2019; No errata)
Obsoletes RFC 7601
Last updated 2019-05-31
Replaces draft-kucherawy-dmarc-rfc7601bis
Stream IETF
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Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication
Document shepherd Tim Draegen
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2018-10-24)
IESG IESG state RFC 8601 (Proposed Standard)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
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Responsible AD Alexey Melnikov
Send notices to Tim Draegen <tim@dmarcian.com>
IANA IANA review state IANA OK - Actions Needed
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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      M. Kucherawy
Request for Comments: 8601                                      May 2019
Obsoletes: 7601
Category: Standards Track
ISSN: 2070-1721

   Message Header Field for Indicating Message Authentication Status

Abstract

   This document specifies a message header field called
   "Authentication-Results" for use with electronic mail messages to
   indicate the results of message authentication efforts.  Any
   receiver-side software, such as mail filters or Mail User Agents
   (MUAs), can use this header field to relay that information in a
   convenient and meaningful way to users or to make sorting and
   filtering decisions.

   This document obsoletes RFC 7601.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8601.

Kucherawy                    Standards Track                    [Page 1]
RFC 8601           Authentication-Results Header Field          May 2019

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................4
      1.1. Purpose ....................................................5
      1.2. Trust Boundary .............................................6
      1.3. Processing Scope ...........................................7
      1.4. Requirements ...............................................7
      1.5. Definitions ................................................7
           1.5.1. Key Words ...........................................7
           1.5.2. Internationalized Email .............................7
           1.5.3. Security ............................................8
           1.5.4. Email Architecture ..................................8
           1.5.5. Other Terms .........................................9
      1.6. Trust Environment .........................................10
   2. Definition and Format of the Header Field ......................10
      2.1. General Description .......................................10
      2.2. Formal Definition .........................................11
      2.3. Property Types (ptypes) and Properties ....................13
      2.4. The "policy" ptype ........................................15
      2.5. Authentication Service Identifier Field ...................15
      2.6. Version Tokens ............................................17
      2.7. Defined Methods and Result Values .........................17
           2.7.1. DKIM ...............................................17
           2.7.2. SPF ................................................19
           2.7.3. "iprev" ............................................20
           2.7.4. SMTP AUTH ..........................................21
           2.7.5. Other Registered Codes .............................22
           2.7.6. Extension Methods ..................................22
           2.7.7. Extension Result Codes .............................23
   3. The "iprev" Authentication Method ..............................23
   4. Adding the Header Field to a Message ...........................25
      4.1. Header Field Position and Interpretation ..................26
      4.2. Local Policy Enforcement ..................................27

Kucherawy                    Standards Track                    [Page 2]
RFC 8601           Authentication-Results Header Field          May 2019

   5. Removing Existing Header Fields ................................28
   6. IANA Considerations ............................................29
      6.1. The Authentication-Results Header Field ...................29
      6.2. "Email Authentication Methods" Registry Description .......30
      6.3. "Email Authentication Methods" Registry Update ............31
           6.3.1. "header.a" for DKIM ................................32
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