Liaison statement
LS/o on Deliverables of Focus Group ML5G to ITU-T, ITU-R study groups and other groups

State Posted
Submitted Date 2020-08-14
From Group ITU-T-SG-13
From Contact shaba
To Group IETF
To Contacts The IETF Chair
CcScott Mansfield
The IESG
The IETF Chair
Response Contact tsbsg13@itu.int
Purpose For information
Attachments SG13-LS-165
Body
ITU-T Study Group 13 would like to inform you that its Focus Group on Machine
Learning for Future Networks including 5G (FG ML5G) has accomplished its
mission. FG ML5G was active from January 2018 until July 2020.

FG ML5G approved ten technical specifications. Four of those specifications
have already been approved by ITU-T SG13 as  recommendations (three) and
supplement (one) and published by ITU. Six further technical specifcations are
being considered by ITU-T SG13. The summary of each of the ten technical
specifications are reproduced in the Annex. Documents 1.1 – 1.4 are publicly
available free of charge. Documents 3.1 – 3.5 are publicly available free of
charge from the FG ML5G website (user account necessary but granted immediately
and automatically – see FG ML5G website for the procedure).

FG ML5G also produced an information document “Gap analysis – next steps in
machine learning in future networks including IMT-2020.”

The ITU AI/ML in 5G Challenge is building on ITU’s ML5G standards work by
conducting a global competition on the theme “How to apply ITU’s ML
architecture in 5G networks.” The Challenge is administered by TSB and runs
until the end of the year. Several hundred of professionals and students have
signed up for the Challenge. We invite you to consider the output of FG ML5G
(in particular the gap analysis). ITU-T SG13 will welcome future collaboration
with you on those studies.

                                                     Annex

1       Deliverables already processed by ITU-T SG13 and published by ITU

1.1     Y.Sup55: ITU-T Y.3170-series - Machine learning in future networks
including IMT-2020: use cases This Supplement describes use cases of machine
learning in future networks including IMT-2020. For each use case description,
along with the benefits of the use case, the most relevant possible
requirements related to the use case are provided. Classification of the use
cases into categories is also provided.

1.2     ITU-T Y.3172: Architectural framework for machine learning in future
networks including IMT-2020 ITU-T Y.3172 specifies an architectural framework
for machine learning (ML) in future networks including IMT-2020. A set of
architectural requirements and specific architectural components needed to
satisfy these requirements are presented. These components include, but are not
limited to, an ML pipeline as well as ML management and orchestration
functionalities. The integration of such components into future networks
including IMT-2020 and guidelines for applying this architectural framework in
a variety of technology-specific underlying networks are also described.

1.3     ITU-T Y.3173: Framework for evaluating intelligence levels of future
networks including IMT-2020 ITU-T Y.3173 specifies a framework for evaluating
the intelligence of future networks including IMT-2020 and a method for
evaluating the intelligence levels of future networks including IMT-2020 is
introduced. An architectural view for evaluating network intelligence levels is
also described according to the architectural framework specified in
Recommendation ITU-T Y.3172. In addition, the relationship between the
framework described in this Recommendation and corresponding work in other
standards or industry bodies, as well as the application of the method for
evaluating network intelligence levels on several representative use cases are
also provided.

1.4     ITU-T Y.3174: Framework for data handling to enable machine learning in
future networks including IMT-2020 ITU-T Y.3174 describes a framework for data
handling to enable machine learning in future networks including International
Mobile Telecommunications (IMT)-2020. The requirements for data collection and
processing mechanisms in various usage scenarios for machine learning in future
networks including IMT-2020 are identified along with the requirements for
applying machine learning output in the machine learning underlay network.
Based on this, a generic framework for data handling and examples of its
realization on specific underlying networks are described.

2       Deliverable already at and advanced stage in ITU-T SG13

2.1     Draft Recommendation ITU-T Y.3176 “ML marketplace integration in future
networks including IMT-2020” This document is a draft Recommendation
Y.ML-IMT2020-MP under study by Q20 of SG13. This draft Recommendation provides
the architecture for integration of ML marketplace in future networks including
IMT-2020. The scope of this draft Recommendation includes: - Challenges and
motivations for ML marketplace integration - High level requirements of ML
marketplace integration - Architecture for integration of ML marketplace in
networks.

3       Deliverables which FG ML5G submitted to ITU-T SG13 for consideration at
its 20-31 July 2020 meeting

3.1     FG ML5G specification: “Requirements, architecture and design for
machine learning function orchestrator” This technical specification discusses
the requirements for machine learning function orchestrator (MLFO). These
requirements are derived from the use cases for machine learning in future
networks including IMT-2020. Based on these requirements, an architecture and
design for the machine learning function orchestrator is described.

3.2     FG ML5G specification: “Serving framework for ML models in future
networks including IMT-2020” This specification describes a serving framework
for ML models in future networks including IMT-2020. The specification includes
requirements and architecture components for such a framework.

3.3     FG ML5G specification: “Machine Learning Sandbox for future networks
including IMT-2020: requirements and architecture framework” Use cases for
integrating machine learning (ML) to future networks including IMT-2020 has
been documented in Supplement 55 and an architecture framework for this
integration was specified in ITU-T Y.3172. However, network stakeholders are
apprehensive about using ML-driven approaches directly in live networking
systems because it can lead to unexpected situations that can degrade KPIs.
This is mostly due to the apparent complexity of ML mechanisms (e.g., deep
learning), the incompleteness of the available training data, the uncertainty
produced by exploration-exploitation approaches (e.g., reinforcement learning),
etc. In the face of such impediments, the ML Sandbox emerges as a potential
solution that allows mobile network operators (MNOs) for improving the degree
of confidence in ML solutions before their application to the network
infrastructure. This technical specification deals with the requirements,
architecture, and implementation examples for ML Sandbox in future networks
including IMT-2020.

3.4     FG ML5G specification: “Machine learning based end-to-end network slice
management and orchestration” This document proposes the framework and
requirements of machine learning based end-to-end network slice management and
orchestration in multi-domain environments.

3.5     FG ML5G specification: “Vertical-assisted Network Slicing Based on a
Cognitive Framework”

This technical specification proposes a new framework that enables vertical
QoE-aware network slice management empowered by machine learning technologies.