Ambisonics in an Ogg Opus Container
draft-ietf-codec-ambisonics-03

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (codec WG)
Last updated 2017-05-02
Replaces draft-graczyk-codec-ambisonics
Stream IETF
Intended RFC status (None)
Formats plain text xml pdf html bibtex
Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state I-D Exists
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)
codec                                                        J. Skoglund
Internet-Draft                                               Google Inc.
Intended status: Standards Track                              M. Graczyk
Expires: November 3, 2017                                    May 2, 2017

                  Ambisonics in an Ogg Opus Container
                     draft-ietf-codec-ambisonics-03

Abstract

   This document defines an extension to the Opus audio codec to
   encapsulate coded ambisonics using the Ogg format.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on November 3, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Skoglund & Graczyk      Expires November 3, 2017                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft               Opus Ambisonics                    May 2017

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Ambisonics With Ogg Opus  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Channel Mapping Family 2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.2.  Channel Mapping Family 3  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Downmixing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   7.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8

1.  Introduction

   Ambisonics is a representation format for three dimensional sound
   fields which can be used for surround sound and immersive virtual
   reality playback.  See [gerzon75] and [daniel04] for technical
   details on the ambisonics format.  For the purposes of the this
   document, ambisonics can be considered a multichannel audio stream.
   A separate stereo stream can be used alongside the ambisonics in a
   head-tracked virtual reality experience to provide so-called non-
   diegetic audio - audio which should remain unchanged by listener head
   rotation; e.g., narration or stereo music.  Ogg is a general purpose
   container, supporting audio, video, and other media.  It can be used
   to encapsulate audio streams coded using the Opus codec.  See
   [RFC6716] and [RFC7845] for technical details on the Opus codec and
   its encapsulation in the Ogg container respectively.

   This document extends the Ogg Opus format by defining two new channel
   mapping families for encoding ambisonics.  The Ogg Opus format is
   extended indirectly by adding an item with value 2 or 3 to the IANA
   "Opus Channel Mapping Families" registry.  When 2 or 3 are used as
   the Channel Mapping Family Number in an Ogg stream, the semantic
   meaning of the channels in the multichannel Opus stream is one of the
   ambisonics layouts defined in this document.  This mapping can also
   be used in other contexts which make use of the channel mappings
   defined by the Opus Channel Mapping Families registry.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
Show full document text