NAT64/464XLAT Deployment Guidelines in Operator and Enterprise Networks
draft-ietf-v6ops-nat64-deployment-00

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (v6ops WG)
Last updated 2018-07-02
Replaces draft-palet-v6ops-nat64-deployment
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v6ops                                                  J. Palet Martinez
Internet-Draft                                          The IPv6 Company
Intended status: Informational                              July 2, 2018
Expires: January 3, 2019

NAT64/464XLAT Deployment Guidelines in Operator and Enterprise Networks
                  draft-ietf-v6ops-nat64-deployment-00

Abstract

   This document describes how NAT64 and 464XLAT can be deployed in an
   IPv6 network, whether cellular ISP, broadband ISP, or enterprise and
   the issues to be considered when having an IPv6-only access link,
   regarding: a) DNS64, b) applications or devices that use literal IPv4
   addresses or non-IPv6 compliant APIs, and c) IPv4-only hosts or
   applications.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 3, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as

Palet Martinez           Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          NAT64/464XLAT Deployment               July 2018

   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  NAT64 Deployment Scenarios  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.1.  Known to Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       3.1.1.  Service Provider NAT64 with DNS64 . . . . . . . . . .   5
       3.1.2.  Service Provider offering 464XLAT, with DNS64 . . . .   7
       3.1.3.  Service Provider offering 464XLAT, without DNS64  . .  10
     3.2.  Known to Work Under Special Conditions  . . . . . . . . .  12
       3.2.1.  Service Provider NAT64 without DNS64  . . . . . . . .  12
       3.2.2.  Service Provider NAT64; DNS64 in the IPv6 hosts . . .  13
       3.2.3.  Service Provider NAT64; DNS64 in the IPv4-only
               remote network  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     3.3.  Comparing the Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   4.  Issues to be Considered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     4.1.  DNSSEC Considerations and Possible Approaches . . . . . .  16
       4.1.1.  Not using DNS64 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       4.1.2.  DNSSEC validator aware of DNS64 . . . . . . . . . . .  18
       4.1.3.  Stub validator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
       4.1.4.  CLAT with DNS proxy and validator . . . . . . . . . .  18
       4.1.5.  ACL of clients  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       4.1.6.  Mapping-out IPv4 addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     4.2.  DNS64 and Reverse Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     4.3.  Using 464XLAT with/without DNS64  . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     4.4.  Manual Configuration of Foreign DNS . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     4.5.  DNS Privacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     4.6.  Well-Known Prefix (WKP) vs Network-Specific Prefix (NSP)   21
     4.7.  IPv4 literals and old APIs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     4.8.  IPv4-only Hosts or Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     4.9.  CLAT Translation Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   5.  Summary of Deployment Recommendations for NAT64 . . . . . . .  23
   6.  Deployment of NAT64 in Enterprise Networks  . . . . . . . . .  25
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   9.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   10. ANNEX A: Example of Broadband Deployment with 464XLAT . . . .  27
   11. ANNEX B: CLAT Implementation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   12. ANNEX C: Benchmarking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
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