MPLS Ships in the Night Operation with ATM

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Nancy Feldman  , Loa Andersson  , Bilel Jamoussi 
Last updated 1998-08-10
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) can have several modes of operation over ATM. The MPLS Framework document [1] indicates that MPLS MUST allow 'ships in the night' (SIN) operation with existing L2 switching protocols (e.g., ATM Forum Signaling). This document identifies the technical requirements that have to be resolved in order to allow for a successful SIN operation between MPLS and ATM Forum protocol stack. Solutions to the various challenges are proposed.


Nancy Feldman (
Loa Andersson (
Bilel Jamoussi (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)