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Large Flow Use Cases for I2RS PBR and QoS

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Expired & archived
Authors Ramki Krishnan , Anoop Ghanwani , Sriganesh Kini , Dave McDysan , Diego R. Lopez
Last updated 2014-10-05 (Latest revision 2014-04-03)
RFC stream (None)
Intended RFC status (None)
Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
RFC Editor Note (None)
IESG IESG state Expired
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft is available in these formats:


This draft discusses two use cases to help identify the requirements for policy-based routing in I2RS. Both of the use cases involve identification of certain flows and then using I2RS to program routers with special handling for those flows. The first use case deals with improving bandwidth efficiency. Demands on networking bandwidth are growing exponentially due to applications such as large file transfers and those with rich media. Link Aggregation Group (LAG) and Equal Cost Multipath (ECMP) are extensively deployed in networks to scale the bandwidth. However, the static hash-based load balancing techniques used today make inefficient use of the bandwidth in the presence of long-lived large flows. We discuss how I2RS can be used for achieving better load balancing. The second use case is for recognizing and mitigating Layer 3-4 based DDoS attacks. Behavioral security threats such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are an ongoing problem in today's networks. DDoS attacks can be Layer 3-4 based or Layer 7 based. We discuss how such attacks can be recognized and how I2RS can be used for mitigating their effects.


Ramki Krishnan
Anoop Ghanwani
Sriganesh Kini
Dave McDysan
Diego R. Lopez

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)