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Oblivious HTTP Application Intermediation (ohai)

WG Name Oblivious HTTP Application Intermediation
Acronym ohai
Area Security Area (sec)
State Active
Charter charter-ietf-ohai-01 Approved
Document dependencies
Additional resources GitHub Repository
Zulip stream
Personnel Chairs Richard Barnes, Shivan Kaul Sahib
Area Director Francesca Palombini
Mailing list Address
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Charter for Working Group

In a number of different settings, interactions between clients and servers
involve information that could be sensitive when associated with client
identity. Client-server applications built on HTTP reveal aspects of client
identity to servers through these interactions, especially source addresses.
Even without client identity, a server might be able to build a profile of
client activity by correlating requests from the same client over time.

In HTTP-based applications where the information included in requests does not
need to be correlated, the protocol this working group defines will allow a
supporting server to accept requests via a proxy. The proxy ensures that the
server cannot see source addressing information for clients, which prevents
servers linking multiple requests from the same client. Encryption ensures that
the proxy is unable to read requests or responses. However, if the proxy and
server collude, then neither of these privacy properties hold.

Applications and use cases best suited for this protocol are those that have
discrete, transactional queries that might reveal small amounts of information
that accumulate over time. Examples include DNS queries, telemetry submission,
and certificate revocation checking. In some of these application deployments,
the relationship between client, server, and cooperating proxy might be
configured out-of-band.

General purpose HTTP applications such as web browsing are not in scope for the
protocol that is to be defined. Broad applicability is limited by multiple
factors, including the need for explicit server support of the protocol. In
contrast, transport-level proxies such as HTTP CONNECT or MASQUE are a more
appropriate mechanism for those use cases, as they allow connecting to
unmodified servers.

The OHAI working group will define a protocol for anonymization of HTTP requests
using a partly-trusted intermediary, a method of encapsulating HTTP requests and
responses that provides protected, low-latency exchanges. This protocol will
use existing cryptographic primitives to meet these goals. The working group
will define any data formats necessary to carry encapsulated requests and
responses, plus formats for supplementary material, such as server keying
material, that might be needed to use the protocol.

The OHAI working group will include an applicability statement that documents
the limitations of this design and any usage constraints that are necessary to
ensure that the protocol is secure. The working group will consider the
operational impact as part of the protocol design and document operational

The working group will prioritize work on the core protocol elements as
identified. In addition, the working group may work on other use cases and
deployment models, including those that involve discovery of proxies or servers
and their key configurations.

The OHAI working group will work closely with other groups that develop the
tools that the protocol depends on (HTTPbis for HTTP, CFRG for HPKE) or that
might use the protocol (DPRIVE and ADD for DNS over HTTPS).

The working group will use draft-thomson-http-oblivious as input.


Date Milestone Associated documents
Jul 2025 Submit Chunked OHTTP draft to the IESG for publication draft-ietf-ohai-chunked-ohttp

Done milestones

Date Milestone Associated documents
Done Submit the protocol draft to the IESG for publication draft-ietf-ohai-ohttp