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The information below is for an older version of this BOF request.
Document Type Proposed BOF request Snapshot
Title bofreq-jeong-ipv6-moving-object-networking
Last updated 2023-01-29
State Proposed
Editor Jaehoon Paul Jeong
Responsible leadership
Send notices to (None)

Name: IPv6 Moving Object Networking (ipmon)


Moving objects of terrestrial vehicles (e.g., automobiles, motorcycles, and electric scooters), aircrafts (e.g., unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) like drones, airplanes, and helicopters), watercrafts (e.g., boats, ships, and submarines), and mobile robots for smart buildings are increasingly connected to the Internet through various wireless communications. Comfort-enhancing entertainment applications, driving/flying/sailing safety applications using bidirectional data flows, and connected automated maneuvering are some of the new features expected in moving objects (denoted as vehicle in this charter) to hit the movement spaces (e.g., roadway, street, sky, river, and sea) from now to year 2023.

Today, there is Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications that makes use of embedded Internet modules, or an occupant's cellular smartphone in vehicular networks. Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communications is used for wireless exchange of critical safety and operational data between vehicles and infrastructure nodes (e.g., road-side units and edge computing devices), intended primarily to avoid vehicle crashes and road hazards. Similarly, Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communications is used for short-range communications between vehicles to exchange vehicle information such as vehicle speed, heading, braking status, and collision situations.
Also, Vehicle-to-Pedestrian (V2P) communications is used for short-range communications between vehicles and pedestrians' mobile devices (e.g., smartphone and smart watch) to exchange street context information such as the existence of moving objects (e.g., cars, trucks, pedestrians, bikes, motorcycles, and electric scooters) and collision situations.

This group will work on use cases of V2X (e.g., V2V, V2I, and V2P) where IPv6 is well-suited as a networking technology and will develop IPv6-based solutions to establish direct and secure connectivity among moving objects or among moving objects and stationary systems. These vehicular networks are characterized by dynamically changing network topologies and connectivity.

V2V and V2I communications may involve various kinds of link layers: 802.11-OCB (Outside the Context of a Basic Service Set), 802.15.4 with 6lowpan, 802.11ad, VLC (Visible Light Communications), IrDA, LTE-D, LP-WAN, UWB, and 5G V2X. One of the most used link layers for vehicular networks is IEEE 802.11-OCB, as a basis for Dedicated short-range communications (DSRC). Several of these link-layers already provide support for IPv6. IPv6 on 802.11-OCB has been fully defined by IPWAVE WG since 2019. However, IPv6 on 5G V2X needs to be fully defined by this working group. Some aspects of the IPv6 over 5G V2X have been already defined at 3GPP specification and the specification produced by this working group is expected be compatible with these aspects.

This group's primary deliverable (as an informational RFC) will be a document that will specify problem statement and use cases for IPMON. Also, this group's primary deliverable (as a standards track RFC) will be a document that will specify the mechanisms for transmission of IPv6 datagrams over 3GPP 5G V2X. Once this document is completed, it will also be reviewed by the 6man working group. Along with this work, the following key technologies, which are identified by IPWAVE WG's problem statement and use cases document, need to be standardized for moving objects as follows.

Program of Work

The IPMON working group's deliverables include:

  1. IPv6 Moving Object Networking: Problem Statement and Use Cases
  2. Basic Support for IPv6 over 5G V2X

Required Details

Information for IAB/IESG

To allow evaluation of your proposal, please include the following items:

  • Any protocols or practices that already exist in this space:

o IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement and Use Cases

o Basic Support for IPv6 Networks Operating over 5G Vehicle-to-Everything Communications

  • Open source projects (if any) implementing this work:

o IPWAVE Basic Protocols Project