SPAKE Pre-Authentication
draft-ietf-kitten-krb-spake-preauth-03

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (kitten WG)
Last updated 2017-11-30
Replaces draft-mccallum-kitten-krb-spake-preauth
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Internet Engineering Task Force                              N. McCallum
Internet-Draft                                                  S. Sorce
Updates: 3961 (if approved)                                   R. Harwood
Intended status: Standards Track                           Red Hat, Inc.
Expires: June 3, 2018                                          G. Hudson
                                                                     MIT
                                                       November 30, 2017

                        SPAKE Pre-Authentication
                 draft-ietf-kitten-krb-spake-preauth-03

Abstract

   This document defines a new pre-authentication mechanism for the
   Kerberos protocol that uses a password authenticated key exchange.
   This document has three goals.  First, increase the security of
   Kerberos pre-authentication exchanges by making offline brute-force
   attacks infeasible.  Second, enable the use of second factor
   authentication without relying on FAST.  This is achieved using the
   existing trust relationship established by the shared first factor.
   Third, make Kerberos pre-authentication more resilient against time
   synchronization errors by removing the need to transfer an encrypted
   timestamp from the client.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on June 3, 2018.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

McCallum, et al.          Expires June 3, 2018                  [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          SPAKE Pre-Authentication           November 2017

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Properties of PAKE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  PAKE Algorithm Selection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.3.  PAKE and Two-Factor Authentication  . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.4.  SPAKE Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   2.  Document Conventions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   3.  Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  PA-ETYPE-INFO2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Cookie Support  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.3.  More Pre-Authentication Data Required . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Update to Checksum Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  SPAKE Pre-Authentication Message Protocol . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.1.  First Pass  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.2.  Second Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.3.  Third Pass  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     5.4.  Subsequent Passes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     5.5.  Reply Key Strengthening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     5.6.  Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   6.  SPAKE Parameters and Conversions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   7.  Transcript Checksum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   8.  Key Derivation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   9.  Second Factor Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   10. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     10.1.  Unauthenticated Plaintext  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     10.2.  Side Channels  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     10.3.  KDC State  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     10.4.  Dictionary Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     10.5.  Brute Force Attacks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     10.6.  Denial of Service Attacks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     10.7.  Reply-Key Encryption Type  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
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