Asymmetric IPv6 for IoT Networks
draft-jiang-asymmetric-ipv6-00

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Last updated 2019-06-03
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Network Working Group                                           S. Jiang
Internet-Draft                              Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
Intended status: Informational                                     G. Li
Expires: December 5, 2019                            Huawei Technologies
                                                            B. Carpenter
                                                       Univ. of Auckland
                                                            June 3, 2019

                    Asymmetric IPv6 for IoT Networks
                     draft-jiang-asymmetric-ipv6-00

Abstract

   This document describes a new approach to IPv6 header compression for
   use in scenarios where minimizing packet size is crucial but routing
   performance must be maximised.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 5, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of

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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Proposed Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Address Transformation at the Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  Routing without Decompression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Address Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   6.  Compatibility with Existing Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   9.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Appendix A.  Change log [RFC Editor: Please remove] . . . . . . .   8
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8

1.  Introduction

   The large address space of IPv6 is essential for the massive
   expansion of the network edge that will be caused by "Internet of
   Things (IoT)" technology over low-power or 5G links.  However, the
   size of a raw IPv6 packet header causes difficulty due to the small
   maximum transmission units (MTU) allowed by typical low-power, low-
   cost link layers.  For 5G, this aspect is discussed in
   [I-D.hmm-dmm-5g-uplane-analysis].  Thus header compression, including
   address compression, is an important issue.  This decreases the size
   of raw packets, but compressed IP addresses are not routeable except
   by decompressing them completely in every forwarding node.  There are
   two issues here.  The first is the extra computation resource needed
   for compressing or decompressing in constrained IoT nodes.  The
   second is that full-length IPv6 routing will consume more memory to
   store routing tables and packet queues.  Such resource consumption is
   very undesirable in constrained nodes with limited storage, CPU
   power, and battery capacity.

   To mitigate these issues, here we propose a solution enabling the
   shortening of IPv6 addresses inside packets, and the routing of
   packets according to short addresses, without needing a decompression
   step.  Considering that the scale and size of edge networks may vary
   widely, different lengths of short address can be used in different
   domains.

   This work is distinct from previous 6LoWPAN work on address
   compression [RFC6282] [RFC7400].  Although those solutions tackle the
   problem of small MTU size, they do not address the problem of
   decompression overhead.

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