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IMAP4 Extension to SEARCH Command for Controlling What Kind of Information Is Returned
RFC 4731

Document type: RFC - Proposed Standard (November 2006)
Was draft-melnikov-imap-search-ret (individual in app area)
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-03-02
Other versions: plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: (None)
Consensus: Unknown
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: RFC 4731 (Proposed Standard)
Responsible AD: Ted Hardie
Send notices to: alexey.melnikov@isode.com, dave.cridland@clues.ltd.uk

Network Working Group                                        A. Melnikov
Request for Comments: 4731                                     Isode Ltd
Category: Standards Track                                    D. Cridland
                                                   Inventure Systems Ltd
                                                           November 2006

           IMAP4 Extension to SEARCH Command for Controlling
                  What Kind of Information Is Returned

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2006).

Abstract

   This document extends IMAP (RFC 3501) SEARCH and UID SEARCH commands
   with several result options, which can control what kind of
   information is returned. The following result options are defined:
   minimal value, maximal value, all found messages, and number of found
   messages.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Conventions Used in This Document ...............................2
   3. IMAP Protocol Changes ...........................................2
      3.1. New SEARCH/UID SEARCH Result Options .......................2
      3.2. Interaction with CONDSTORE extension .......................4
   4. Formal Syntax ...................................................5
   5. Security Considerations .........................................6
   6. IANA Considerations .............................................6
   7. Normative References ............................................6
   8. Acknowledgments .................................................6

Melnikov & Cridland         Standards Track                     [Page 1]
RFC 4731               IMAP4 Extension to SEARCH           November 2006

1.  Introduction

   [IMAPABNF] extended SEARCH and UID SEARCH commands with result
   specifiers (also known as result options), which can control what
   kind of information is returned.

   A server advertising the ESEARCH capability supports the following
   result options:  minimal value, maximal value, all found messages,
   and number of found messages.  These result options allow clients to
   get SEARCH results in more convenient forms, while also saving
   bandwidth required to transport the results, for example, by finding
   the first unseen message or returning the number of unseen or deleted
   messages.  Also, when a single MIN or a single MAX result option is
   specified, servers can optimize execution of SEARCHes.

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   In examples, "C:" and "S:" indicate lines sent by the client and
   server, respectively.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [KEYWORDS].

3.   IMAP Protocol Changes

3.1.  New SEARCH/UID SEARCH Result Options

   The SEARCH/UID SEARCH commands are extended to allow for the
   following result options:

      MIN
         Return the lowest message number/UID that satisfies the SEARCH
         criteria.

         If the SEARCH results in no matches, the server MUST NOT
         include the MIN result option in the ESEARCH response; however,
         it still MUST send the ESEARCH response.

      MAX
         Return the highest message number/UID that satisfies the SEARCH
         criteria.

         If the SEARCH results in no matches, the server MUST NOT
         include the MAX result option in the ESEARCH response; however,
         it still MUST send the ESEARCH response.

Melnikov & Cridland         Standards Track                     [Page 2]
RFC 4731               IMAP4 Extension to SEARCH           November 2006

      ALL
         Return all message numbers/UIDs that satisfy the SEARCH
         criteria.  Unlike regular (unextended) SEARCH, the messages are
         always returned using the sequence-set syntax.  A sequence-set
         representation may be more compact and can be used as is in a
         subsequent command that accepts sequence-set.  Note, the client
         MUST NOT assume that messages/UIDs will be listed in any
         particular order.

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